#Egypt’s #Sinai Campaign and #Terrorism Beyond July 15 – August 1, 2015

2 Aug


Aug 1. Egypt’s army says it has killed a leading figure in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=abd5b813-585b-472d-868a-256af7938c8d
http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/middle-east/80598-150802-egypt-kills-leading-is-militant-in-sinai

July 31 Twenty militants killed in strikes in northern #Sinai #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bfacb4aa-10d3-480c-9057-5b2f9ee9e73f

July 30 The prosecutors in Suez have referred 38 Muslim Brotherhood members to trial for burning cars belonging to the Suez oil company last February http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a269462f-6847-4695-aec6-ba9195c62375

July 29 On the displaced #Sinai families, due to the CT campaign there: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=54045354-c78b-44e8-a648-6350077b6e99

July 29 Egypt is participating in a United Nations counterterrorism meeting including session concerning foreign fighters http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/29/egypt-participates-in-un-counter-terrorism-meeting/

July 29 Sinai militancy and possible threat to international forces (the MFO) http://www.inss.org.il/uploadImages/systemFiles/adkan18_2ENG_3_Gold.pdf

July 29 Assets of 78 Muslim Brotherhood members frozen according to Dunne that makes 1300 (not sure of accuracy) http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/assets-78-brotherhood-members-frozen

July 28 10 militants killed, 15 others injured during raids by Apache helicopters on terrorists’ hotbeds in S. Sheikh Zwayed, (Hasan Sari)

July 28 Detention renewed for Esra al-Taweel, photojournalist http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/28/detention-renewed-for-esraa-el-taweel/

July 28 Bomb explodes in al-Arish targeting a military vehicle http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/28/bomb-explodes-in-al-arish/

July 26 A missile (source unknown) fell on a house killing a woman. http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/north-sinai-missile-falls-woman-s-house-kills-her

July 26 A military court in Suez sentenced 2 Muslim Brotherhood members (in abstentia) for burning a car. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/military-court-sentences-2-brotherhood-members-prison

July 26 A bus full of soldiers in Arish was bombed injuring 18 & the Wilayat Sinai claimed responsibility for the bombing. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/update-sinai-province-claims-responsibility-north-sinai-bomb-blast And see
http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Regions/details/2015/7/26/625394/-%D9%86%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1-%D8%A3%D8%B3%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%AD%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%AB-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%83%D8%B2%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=facebook_promoted&utm_campaign=mosabeen

July 25 12 militants killed and 3 of #Egypt‘s officers injured in northern #Sinai http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=766635&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

July 24 Two officers and a conscript injured in a blast in Shaykh Zuwayd http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=be4a07bc-d68d-4ecb-8336-824be103f34b

July 24 A Croatian citizen was kidnapped in Cairo. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=db292cfb-78ae-4fa0-8be8-fd5fbb2b044d

July 23 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis claimed responsibility for a bomb attack which killed 4 military personnel in the Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d53acfa0-0ea2-4b35-a3a7-335febf7bd3b
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/24/state-of-sinai-claims-responsibility-for-rafah-attack/

July 23 #Egypt has managed to silence news of a two-day long #IS#Sinai and #Hamas assault on MFO’s North Camp (according to @debka_english.

July 22 Hisham al-Ashmawy (a former Special Forces officer, leader of al-Murabitoun) called for jihad against Egypt’s “new Pharoah” http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9d8d8c68-b548-4848-a776-43a8f637e358
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/22/officer-turned-jihadist-calls-for-war-against-al-sisi/
http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2015/07/former-egyptian-special-forces-officer-leads-al-murabitoon.php

July 22 Militants planted IEDs outside the homes of 2 policemen in al-Arish in the Sinai. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/22/explosions-target-2-policemens-homes-in-al-arish/

July 21 Explosion in Fayyoum near an electricity facility. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/21/explosion-in-fayoum-no-injuries-reported/

July 20 A “killed” conscript in Saturday’s attack in the Sinai was discovered alive. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135765.aspx

July 20 The Army spokesman said the military is in control of every inch of the Sinai. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/20/military-in-control-of-every-inch-of-sinai-spokesman/

July 19 Death toll from Saturday (18th) was 7 military killed and 59 militants in the Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=51d940ca-8866-442a-a737-a0b48be50780

July 18 5 army personnel killed (original claim was 3 killed and four injured) in Shaykh Zuwayd. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/18/5-army-personnel-killed-in-sheikh-zuweid-clashes/

July 17 6 killed and 3 injured at Talibya in Giza; and in another story, 1 killed in clashes between pro-MB and security at Kerdasa http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7b07163c-2cdd-4d3d-8138-b98971d8f9f3

July 17 Egypt’s security arrested those at Yqeen News – accuse it of being a MB media committee http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7fad3d7a-bf48-4eb9-9843-4d65cdf70ed6

July 17 #Egypt‘s interior ministry released 424 prisoners today & offered conditional release to 101 presidnt’l pardon. -MENA

July 17 Maj Gen. Osama Bedeir removed as Cairo’s security chief and replaced by Khaled Abdelaal http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/cairo-security-chief-removed-amid-surging-attacks

July 16 Small bomb blast injured police officer at popular square in #Cairo‘s Heliopolis – #Egypt

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and Egypt’s military issued conflicting statements on the attack on the Qattamiyya-Suez road http://www.madamasr.com/news/military-province-sinai-give-conflicting-accounts-qattamiya-suez-road-attack?utm_medium=twitter&utm_s

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, claimed Wednesday’s truck bomb attack on the (Qattamiyya-) Suez road in which a suicide bomber was killed. (in other reports, appears as a huge explosion) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bdb631bb-566c-4ae3-bf62-4d8f1987c1f3

July 15 198 were referred to military judiciary for terrorist crimes http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=259fc268-d86a-4923-988b-7c5df8db7e6b

July 15 The German embassy in Cairo closed after receiving threats of a car bomb http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/german-embassy-closed-over-car-bomb-threats

July 15 Quran reader, Mohammed Gebreel not allwd travel to #UK & banned from Quran reading after speaking out against #Egypt‘s govt. (sources like Tariq Ramadan praise him) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135448.aspx

July 15 Rabaa al-Adawiyya Square will be renamed for Hisham Barakat, the assassinated prosecutor general http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=678b2dbb-fb7a-47a9-a9c7-1c80d612fd95

July 15 A policeman was killed in an armed attack on a checkpoint in Remaya Square in Haram. 3 gunmen arrested (Youm 7) https://twitter.com/youm7/status/621317483828498432

July 15 #Sinai bedouin and the fight against #terrorists #Egypt http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/15/us-egypt-islam-sinai-specialreport-idUSKCN0PP0UD20150715

Terrorism and Counterterrorism in Egypt’s Sinai and beyond: July 1 – July 15, 2015

15 Jul

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and Egypt’s military issued conflicting statements on the attack on the Qattamiyya-Suez road http://www.madamasr.com/news/military-province-sinai-give-conflicting-accounts-qattamiya-suez-road-attack?utm_medium=twitter&utm_s

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, claimed Wednesday’s truck bomb attack on the (Qattamiyya-) Suez road in which a suicide bomber was killed. (in other reports, appears as a huge explosion) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bdb631bb-566c-4ae3-bf62-4d8f1987c1f3

July 15 198 were referred to military judiciary for terrorist crimes http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=259fc268-d86a-4923-988b-7c5df8db7e6b

July 15 The German embassy in Cairo closed after receiving threats of a car bomb http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/german-embassy-closed-over-car-bomb-threats
July 15 Quran reader, Mohammed Gebreel not allwd travel to #UK & banned from Quran reading after speaking out against #Egypt’s govt. (sources like Tariq Ramadan praise him) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135448.aspx

July 15 Rabaa al-Adawiyya Square will be renamed for Hisham Barakat, the assassinated prosecutor general http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=678b2dbb-fb7a-47a9-a9c7-1c80d612fd95

July 15 A policeman was killed in an armed attack on a checkpoint in Remaya Square in Haram. 3 gunmen arrested (Youm 7) https://twitter.com/youm7/status/621317483828498432
July 15 #Sinai bedouin and the fight against #terrorists #Egypt http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/15/us-egypt-islam-sinai-specialreport-idUSKCN0PP0UD20150715

July 14 Twenty-five killed and 30 injured in a counterattack by Egypt’s army against a group that targeted a checkpoint in Shaykh Zuwayd https://twitter.com/Elassy25jan/status/621052250518089728

July 14 Curfew hours in northern Sinai will be shortened during the Eid al-Fitr http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135408.aspx

July 14 State of #Sinai claimed the bombing of two #Egypt military vehicles, including one near Gora airport.

July 14 Egypt’s authorities have identified 3 persons as the bombers of the Italian consulate in Cairo – two from Beni Suef and one from Fayyoum http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/Egypt-Identifies-Three-Italian-Consulate-Bombers/2015/07/14/article2919669.ece

July 13 People stop a church service & demand the church’s demolition in Abu Kerkas in Minya http://en.sectarianattacks.com/attacks/289-extremists-stop-church-service-and-demand-church-demolition-in-minya

July 13 Two of the defendents in the Shura Council trial were given 3 year sentences. They had been charged in abstentia but turned themselves in. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a5c686c8-7a18-482b-94a3-34d48db92c52
July 12 #Egypt bans 4×4 vehicles in #Sinai fighting zones. The bedouin often drive 4x4s & SUVs. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135217.aspx
July 11 Huge explosion outside Italy’s consulate in #Cairo kills at least one – with a charge of roughly 250 kg of TNT!
#Egypt http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/12/world/middleeast/egypt-bombing-at-italian-consulate-in-cairo.html?_r=0

July 10 Army kills 2 suspected militants in Shaykh Zuwayd and destroyed an explosive warehouse http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9fd06b6c-b375-4d4c-aef0-2c06844259e0

July 9 21 police personnel injured in roadside bomb in Arish http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Regions/details/2015/7/9/616194/%D8%A5%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%A9-21-%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B7%D9%8A-%D8%A5%D8%AB%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%A9-%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%85%D9%8A%D9%83%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B5-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=facebook_promoted&utm_campaign=areshs
July 8 Hamas’ military wing, Izz al-Din al-Qassam brigades are aiding ISIS (ABM) in the Sinai, while cracking down on ISIS in Gaza http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Analysis-Hamas-playing-double-game-with-ISIS-408428

July 8 Mortar round kills five Egyptians in Sinai and 4 injured http://ara.tv/cr3ef
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=1da8cd53-0cad-46ec-afc8-a40df1aea83d
July 7 Fourteen NGOS dissolved for #MuslimBrotherhood connections #Egypt #Ikhwan http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/14-ngos-dissolved-over-alleged-brotherhood-links

July 7 100 activists arrested for unauthorized protesting will be released on the Eid al-Adha. http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/765364

July 7 Explosion near a court in #Beheira today and five injured. #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134735.aspx

July 6 241 militants in the Sinai killed over the last 5 days says Army spokesman http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b5beddf3-d233-4cc6-a25e-48ded1d1573a

July 5. New major tunnel found in Rafah and Egypt’s military kills some ABM militants inside https://twitter.com/su_za_naa/status/617683944151121920
July 5 Egypt’s military launches air strikes and has killed 63 militants this week http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/05/us-egypt-security-idUSKCN0PF0LS20150705
July 4 Three children and a woman are killed in military air strikes on terrorists in Shaykh Zuwayd http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/07/civilians-killed-egypt-sinai-battles-150704133045922.html

July 4 SkynewsArabia Breaking: says 2 civilians dead and one soldier injured in Sheikh Zoweid, Sinai, due to a bomb explosion
July 4 Egypts army just foiled new attempt to muggle 500klg shipment of explosives via one tunnel S. Rafah crossing point.
July 4 Bomb planted under Fayoum Investigation police chief has been defused |
July 3 #MB supporters block Sudan street in #Cairo, set tires on fire; security forces dispersed them… #Egypt Security forces dispersed 3 Muslim Brotherhood marches today http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=95465130-c052-450e-b385-2085ce75300f

July 3 A somewhat exaggerated picture of protests in Matariyya in Cairo http://www.middleeasteye.net/in-depth/features/two-years-morsi-s-overthrow-protests-held-poor-cairo-neighbourhood-1167038832

July 3 A protester is killed in a march in Maadi https://twitter.com/adeleissa1/status/616991931743211520
July 3 35 militants killed in #ShaykhZuwayd and #Rafah yesterday. #Sinai #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=dbfbb4c3-15a8-4dcf-a3b1-f10c1097285e

July 2 People in #Minya accuse a #Copt of changing his home into a church. #Egypt #sectarianism http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762226
July 2 Ehab Sheeha, head of Asala Party, swears on TV that if Sisi is not killed, Egyptians will face dark upcoming days. (via @virtualactivism)

July 2 Police raided an apartment and killed 13 Muslim Brotherhood members. In response, Muslim Brotherhood called for an uprising. Also, 75 female students were suspended from al-Azhar on charges of violence & conspiring against the university – http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/07/egypt-brotherhood-urges-revolt-members-killed-150702042115515.html
http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2015/07/01/the-latest-militant-attacks-in-egypts-sinai-kill-30-troops
July 2 Head of Cairo University shuts down the University’s small mosques (zawyas) to prevent the spreading of radical thought http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Egypt/details/2015/7/2/612345/%D8%A5%D8%BA%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%B2%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A9-%D8%A8%D9%83%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D9%88%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%81%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%89-?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

July 2 #Egypt|ian air strikes kill 23 militants in northern #Sinai http://tribune.com.pk/story/913612/egyptian-air-strikes-kill-23-militants-in-north-sinai-sources/

July 2 Longest battle fought by Egyptian military against terrorists in #ShaykhZuwayd http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/0/134324/Egypt/0/The-longest-battle-in-North-Sinai-Egypts-army-figh.aspx
July 1 #Egypt Army Statement: Egypt army killed at least 100 terrorists in N. #Sinai, destroyed 20 vehicles, and the army lost 17 soldiers; Egyptian army also deployed reinforcements in Rafah, closed all roads going out of the city & began the hunt for terrorists. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3cb4fbf9-b68c-4b95-9d9c-3bad4254d3f8

July 1 During the day, militants surrounded the Shaykh Zuwayd police station – other reports claimed they held the town (that was inaccurate). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/01/update-we-are-under-siege-sheikh-zuweid-police-officer/
July 1 Sound bomb explodes in #Aswan, #Egypt none hurt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762009

July 1 One of the multiple attacks in northern #Sinai involved a car bomb which killed 11 (in total 30+) http://news.sky.com/story/1511324/car-bomb-blast-kills-11-soldiers-in-egypt

July 1 (Numbers ranged from 30+ to 50 to 64) of Egypt’s soldiers killed in the Sinai and dozens injured in multiple attacks http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/07/01/30-soldiers-killed-in-egypts-north-sinai/
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/01/30-dead-after-islamic-militants-attack-egyptian-army-checkpoints/

#Egypt’s War on Terrorism: June 15 – July 1, 2015

2 Jul

July 1 #Egypt Army Statement: Egypt army killed at least 100 terrorists in N. #Sinai, destroyed 20 vehicles, and the army lost 17 soldiers; Egyptian army also deployed reinforcements in Rafah, closed all roads going out of the city & began the hunt for terrorists. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3cb4fbf9-b68c-4b95-9d9c-3bad4254d3f8

July 1 During the day, militants surrounded the Shaykh Zuwayd police station – other reports claimed they held the town (that was inaccurate). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/01/update-we-are-under-siege-sheikh-zuweid-police-officer/

 

 

July 1   Sound bomb explodes in #Aswan#Egypt none hurt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762009

 

July 1 One of the multiple attacks in northern #Sinai involved a car bomb which killed 11 (in total 30+) http://news.sky.com/story/1511324/car-bomb-blast-kills-11-soldiers-in-egypt

 

July 1 (Numbers ranged from 30+ to 50 to 64) of Egypt’s soldiers killed in the Sinai and dozens injured in multiple attacks http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/07/01/30-soldiers-killed-in-egypts-north-sinai/

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/01/30-dead-after-islamic-militants-attack-egyptian-army-checkpoints/

 

 

June 30 President Sisi speaks to the nation and with the family members of the assassinated Minister of Justice, Hisham Barakat   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i969_aiGJhQ&sns=fb

June 30 Gunmen shoot dead #Egyptian policeman outside the Helwan Wax Museum, south Cairo

 

June 30 Car bomb near 6th police station, Body parts found casualties reported. http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/30/%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%81%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%8A%D8%B7-%D9%82%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86-6-%D8%A3%D9%83%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%AB%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A3%D8%B4%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B6%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%8A/2247301#.VZLY8O1Vikp

 

June 30 Security forces have arrested a 23 year old man who wrote that the Giza Popular Resistance Brigades was responsible for the death of Hisham Barakat http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134182.aspx Earlier article concerned the group http://www.tahrirnews.com/posts/245614 Also reports that 40 others were detained for investigation.

 

June 30 Two bombs exploded in #6th_of_October on #Egypt‘s second anniversary of 6/30  http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/06/30/two-bomb-explosions-resonate-through-6th-of-october/ Giza police say 52 bombs were planted near high power electricity towers all of which exploded but only 4 towers were demolished.

 

 

June 30 Policeman killed, 2 wounded in Beni Suef shooting http://amay.link/OYEGp 

June 30 Two dead and 13 injured as a bomb hit a vehicle carrying Transport Authority staff on a road between al-Arish and Shaykh Zuwayd http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/30/2-dead-13-injured-in-bomb-attack-on-transport-authority-staff/

 

June 29 Hisham Barakat succumbed to his wounds and died today. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/29/middleeast/egypt-top-prosecutor-explosion/index.html

 

June 29 Bomb explodes killing general manager of highways(?) and 2 others in north Sinai; 9 others injured   (also reported above)

 

June 29 Three killed and 13 injured in bomb attack in northern Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134062.aspx

 

 

June 29 Ikhwan leader Akram Kassab says murder of judges, police and army is a ‘sharia’ [legitimate] necessity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=17&v=nNQk3u23KD4

 

June 28 An explosion hit the Prosecutor General’s car and procession but the assassination attempt failed (initially – later he died)   Two security personnel & a civilian wounded in this attack on Hisham Barakat  http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/egypt-s-public-prosecutor-targeted-in-bomb-attack-1.3131476?cmp=rss&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

 

 

June 28 Bomb exploded outside Qasr al-Nil station in Garden City next to Saudi Consulate #Cairo  #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/763827

 

June 28 3 IED att (Aswan; Cairo); 24 IEDs def; 42 terr susp arrest.

 

June 27 Assailants set a Giza traffic office on fire with Molotov cocktails http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/28/traffic-office-torched-in-giza/

 

June 27 IED att (Beheira); 2 IED def (Beheira; N.Sinai); 30 terr susp arrest.

 

 

June 27 Bomb went off as attackers were riding a motorbike to go plant it at a Damanhour bus stop – killing both of them and damaging a bus https://twitter.com/youm7/status/614883294849703936

 

June 26 IED att; 1 IED def (Asyut); 1 arm att (N.Sinai-1 civ kill 1 kidn); 30-48 terr susp arrest

 

 

June 26 10 suspected militants killed in northern Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=4a3242d5-17b6-47e5-a3de-f0426ef5d986

 

une 26 Ansar Morsi/pro #MB clash with police in their Friday style #Matariyya #Egypt http://elwatannews.com/news/details/758022

 

June 26 IED explosion halts trains between #Alexandria and #Cairo. No injuries. #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133754/Egypt/Politics-/Bomb-explosion-halts-trains-between-Cairo-and-Alex.aspx

 

June 25 9 pro-#Morsi ‘Revolutionary Punishment’ group mbrs arrested 4 killing a man in Helwan & publishing a video of his execution online

 

June 24 Article based on anonymous sources by ANONYMOUS (not for the first time in the Monitor) in the Sinai claiming that the death sentences for Morsi et al. will heighten violence in the Sinai. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/06/egypt-sinai-muslim-brotherhood-terrorism-death-sentences.html

 

June 24 ISIS affiliate in Sinai releases pictures of one of its religious classes. https://twitter.com/search?q=Sinai&src=typd

 

June 23 On terrorism’s challenge to Egypt – back in the ‘90s and at present. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/back-to-the-bad-old-days

 

 

June 23 State Commissioners recommends dual citizens banned from owning #Sinai lands #Egypt More: http://ow.ly/OK2wA  pic.twitter.com/nB1kjbZC06

 

 

June 22 8 policemen & civilians wounded after 2 explosions in #Arish #Sinai #Egypt http://www.lbcgroup.tv/news/219369/blasts-in-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilian

 

June 22 22 militants killed in #Shaykh Zuwayd – 16 of them ‘gathering outside of mosque” http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b13931b2-dcc1-46f8-a384-92f4f014c277   http://news.yahoo.com/blasts-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilians-security-072847342.html

 

June 22 Min. of Interior says a major plot to bomb Cairo –Upper Egypt train was thwarted http://www.coptstoday.com/Hot-Issues/Detail.php?Id=116653

 

June 22 Egypt’s army dug a trench along the border with Israel to prevent further tunnel construction. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7ccc2100-d0e1-4e77-a66f-6579edc73c29

 

 

June 22 Germany releases Egyptian journalist Mansour, sentenced to 15 years in abstentia in Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133417.aspx

 

June 19 A policeman was injured when attackers threw an IED at his home in al-Arish. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133168.aspx

 

June 19 Clashes between Muslim Brotherhood supporters and security forces in Sharqiyya and one student – who was a passerby – was killed. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133184.aspx

 

June 18 Wilayat Sinai admits its leader Abul Qaaqaa al-Muhajir was killed in April raids in Arish http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/sinai-province-admits-senior-member-killed-arish-april

 

June 17 Army says it foiled a major attack and killed 7 suspected terrorists #Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133003/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt-army-says-it-foiled-attack,-killed–terroris.aspx

 

June 17 Police officer killed, 3 injured in roadside bomb #Sinai (#Egypt http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155877/news/police-officer-killed-3-soldiers-injured-in-roadside-bomb-in-sinai Another attack took place earlier. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132971.aspx

 

 

June 17 165 arrested/detained youth were released for the occasion of Ramadan http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133002.aspx

 

June 16 Morsi’s death sentence was upheld in same trial in which he and 16 others received life imprisonment for spying for Hamas and IRGC. www.thecairopost.com/news/155732/news/breaking-morsis-death-sentence-over-prison-break-upheld

 

June 16 Egyptian militants pledged allegiance to ISIS during their trial in Cairo. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132925.aspx

 

 

June 15 Police captain’s home torched in Maadi https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/a.426654834107094.1073742478.122306507875263/720454328060475/?type=1&theater

 

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

 

 

June 15 Power station of the weaving factory in Gharbiyya set on fire.

 

June 15 Minister of Defense, Sedki Sobhi attended graduation ceremonies at Egyptian Command and Staff College http://en.arabstoday.net/news/arabworld/egypts-defence-minister-attends-graduation-ceremony-of-army-college.html

 

 

June 15 Explosion destroys a 4th high energy electricity tower in Oseem, north of Giza. 2 others defused. Three towers collapsed in two bombings: http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155661/news/3-giza-transmission-towers-collapse-in-twin-bomb-attacks

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=59fc02a6-3b21-4ec8-aa0c-ea88f0060987

Testimony of Omar Suleiman on 9/14/11

23 Jun
Testimony of Omar Suleiman
Retired Chief of Staff and Vice President of the Republic
Courtesy of Rebel Economy.com
Session 9/14/2011
Testimony of Omar Suleiman
Retired Chief of Staff and Vice President of the Republic
 
Prosecuting Attorneys Present
Mustafa Soliman
Ashour Farag
Mustafa Khater
Wail Hussein
Ahmed Hussein
Some of the significant points are:
*President Mubarak’s cognizance of events.
*MOI’s knowledge of Hamas and bedouin attack in Sinai and (NOTE) claim that bedouin came in to Cairo along with 70 to 90 members of Hizbullah to conduct the prison break*the security establishment knew that the Muslim Brotherhood would not participate in the demonstrations of 1/25/11   But then MB “informed them” they would take part on 1/27

*the collapse of the police force necessitating deployment of the AF

 

*MOI’s knowledge of Hamas and bedouin attack in Sinai and (NOTE) claim that bedouin came in to Cairo along with 70 to 90 members of Hizbullah to conduct the prison break

 

*the security establishment knew that the Muslim Brotherhood would not participate in the demonstrations of 1/25/11 (why? The deal btw leadership and the govt)  But then MB “informed them” they would take part on 1/27

 

*the collapse of the police force necessitating deployment of the AF

 

*MOI’s knowledge of Hamas and bedouin attack in Sinai and (NOTE) claim that bedouin came in to Cairo along with 70 to 90 members of Hizbullah to conduct the prison break

 

*the security establishment knew that the Muslim Brotherhood would not participate in the demonstrations of 1/25/11 (why? The deal btw leadership and the govt)  But then MB “informed them” they would take part on 1/27

 

*the collapse of the police force necessitating deployment of the AF

 

*MOI’s knowledge of Hamas and bedouin attack in Sinai and (NOTE) claim that bedouin came in to Cairo along with 70 to 90 members of Hizbullah to conduct the prison break

 

*the security establishment knew that the Muslim Brotherhood would not participate in the demonstrations of 1/25/11 (why? The deal btw leadership and the govt)  But then MB “informed them” they would take part on 1/27

 

*the collapse of the police force necessitating deployment of the AF

 

*MOI’s knowledge of Hamas and bedouin attack in Sinai and (NOTE) claim that bedouin came in to Cairo along with 70 to 90 members of Hizbullah to conduct the prison break

 

*the security establishment knew that the Muslim Brotherhood would not participate in the demonstrations of 1/25/11 (why? The deal btw leadership and the govt)  But then MB “informed them” they would take part on 1/27

 

*the collapse of the police force necessitating deployment of the AF

Q: As chief of the Egyptian General Intelligence Service (EGIS), what social and economic developments did you and your agency observe on the Egyptian scene between 2004 and 2010, on through the parliamentary elections?
 
A: I’d like to quickly clarify that EGIS is responsible for gathering political, economic, and military information from abroad which enables the political leadership to take political, economic, and military decisions. As for the domestic environment, there is a body within EGIS that coordinates with the rest of the security establishment in gathering information. This agency is responsible for protecting foreigners, counter intelligence, and protecting confidential information. The agents therein gather intelligence on people present in Egyptian society. As for the question, intelligence from abroad indicated that the Egyptian economy was expanding and improving with time. However this improvement had not reached those of limited income and moreover there was unemployment. There were continuous complaints regarding spikes in prices and many demands to raise salaries. There were certain people who opposed the regime who sought to provoke the people. Starting in 2005, foreign operations began cooperating with NGOs based in Egypt to stir the emotions of the people against the regime. Beginning in 2005 there was an American program called Democracy and Good Governance which received funding. There had been an agreement with the Egyptian government regarding the allocation of these funds, however they violated the agreement, they being the American side, and they began funding these NGOs without any agreement with the Egyptian government. We lodged many complaints to the Americans but these were ignored. These NGOs trained many young men and women in mobilizing society, demonstrations, and civil disobedience. That continued until 2010, according to gathered intelligence. The state of discontent grew noticeably after the elections to the House of Representatives, especially when the political forces withdrew during the restructuring phase and the House of Representatives represented no political power in addition to numerous other criticisms that in turn led to even more discontent amongst the people.
 
Q: Did EGIS send any reports detailing what it had observed to the accused former president Hosni Mubarak? Did you ever present the contents of these reports to him directly, or did someone else, and if so, who?
 
A: We write monthly and quarterly reports on the security situation in the country. These are sent to the president of the republic by mail. In some meetings headed by the former president, I had mentioned this information to him directly.
 
Q: What came of these reports which were sent by mail or presented by you to the former president of the republic?
 
A: He ordered the government or ministers to carry out the reports’ recommendations.
 
Q: While you were chief, did EGIS observe any events prior to 25 January 2011? And what were the expectations held at that time?
 
A: Starting in 8/2010, we began to observe communications between the opposition movements and abroad. In addition there were directives to receive training in mass mobilization, protests, and police confrontation. Specifically there was a training session in Poland and in 1/2011. EGIS also observed another 3-day training session in Cairo for the same purposes. Because of these communications it was expected that there would be a demonstration on 1/25/2011.
 
Q: Did you personally communicate this information to the accused former president of the republic?
 
A: At the closing of the economic forum held in Sharm el-Sheikh on 1/19/2011 I told the former president of the necessity of convening a meeting to discuss this issue.
 
Q: Did you tell this to another official working in state intelligence?
 
A: EGIS shares intelligence with national security and the State Security Investigations Service in a routine manner.
 
Q: What was the former president’s response after hearing this information from you, that demonstrations would be held?
 
A: The former president convened a meeting through PM Ahmed Nadif and the meeting was held the next day.
 
Q: When EGIS learned of the demonstrations taking place on 1/25, did it also learn of the reasons behind them, the groups organizing it, its size, and its locations?
 
A: EGIS surveillance of Facebook revealed the groups behind the demonstrations to be mostly from the April 6 Movement and We Are All Khalid Said, and other political currents. We had become accustomed to seeing such demonstrations over the past several years.
 
Q: Was the meeting actually held?
 
A: Yes, it was held the next day.
 
Q: Where and when did the meeting take place?
 
A: On 1/20. I said in a previous testimony that it was 1/22, but upon reviewing the schedule I found that the meeting had taken place on 1/20 at 1pm in Smart Village.
 
Q: Who was summoned to the meeting?
 
A: I asked the former president to call this meeting and he ordered the PM to organize it.
 
Q: What was the purpose and objective of this meeting?
 
 
A: To determine how the security establishment was going to handle the coming events.
 
Q: Who attended the meeting, and who presided over it?
 
A: PM Ahmed Nadif presided over the meeting, and in attendance were the heads of the security establishment, the minister of defense, the minister of interior, the chief of EGIS, the minister of information, and the minister of communications.
 
Q: Specify to the court the titles and names of the aforementioned individuals who attended the meeting.
 
A: PM Ahmed Nadif; Defense and Military Production Minister Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, commander of the AF; Interior Minister Habib el-Adly; Minister of Information Anas al-Fiqqi; Minister of Communications Tariq Kamel; and myself as Chief of EGIS.
 
Q: What topics were discussed between those gathered at the meeting?
 
A: I explained my point of view that there would be a demonstration on 1/25 and that we must be prepared for it. Fortunately all intelligence indicated that the Muslim Brotherhood would not take part in the demonstrations and that this demonstration would proceed like all of the others have over the past several years. Habib el-Adly presented us with some information regarding the demonstrations and the options available to the police in containing them. The minister of information spoke about the foreign organizations that had been infiltrating Egyptian society and what they would do at the ministry of information regarding coverage of the events.
 
Q: During this meeting, did the accused former IM Habib Ibrahim el-Adly say how the demonstrations planned to take place on 1/25 would be contained?
 
A: The aforementioned former IM explained that they would accompany the protests in the same manner as they had during previous demonstrations.
 
Q: Did the aforementioned former IM explain how past demonstrations had been contained?
 
A: He said that he would accompany the protests until they dispersed, because the intelligence we had said that demonstrators would hold sit-ins in various public squares and once night fell, they would return to their homes. The job of the IM was to protect the demonstrators and strategic locations.
 
Q: Again, did the discussions touch on how the situation would be handled, aside from protecting the demonstrators, if the situation devolved?
 
A: We only spoke about whether or not the Muslim Brotherhood would take part. The IM said that any demonstrations that included Brotherhood elements would be dispersed and demonstrators arrested.
 
Q: Was the accused former president of the republic made aware about the results of this meeting?
 
A: Usually whoever heads these meetings informs the president, however I do not know whether or not Ahmed Nadif informed him.
 
Q: On 1/25, in detail, how were demonstrators in Cairo and elsewhere in Egypt approached and dealt with?
 
A: According to EGIS intelligence, the police accompanied and protected these demonstrations until 8pm on 1/25. After that, around midnight, we have information that says that there was an order to disperse the crowds of demonstrators using peaceful means.
 
Q: What do you mean by “peaceful means?” And who was charged with dispersing the crowds in this manner?
 
A: Truncheons, water hoses, smoke, and all of the other tactics that the MoI is known to use.
 
Q: While you were watching the successive events which unfolded between 1/25 and 1/28, how were the demonstrations being conducted? And how were they being monitored and dealt with?
 
A: EGIS followed the events of 1/26 and 1/27 closely yet there were no momentous events. However from our observations of Palestinian activity, we noticed that there were communications between Hamas and Bedouins in the Sinai and that some groups had entered via the underground tunnels which straddle the Egyptian-Gazan border. They communicated with the Bedouins and agreed with them that they would provide them with ordnance in exchange for assistance in freeing their comrades from Egyptian prisons. That was on 1/27. Sure enough Bedouins began the prison break operation by sporadically attacking a police outpost in Sheikh Zuweid with firearms in the region that borders the underground tunnels, so that the police forces and border guards could not get close to the tunnels. Ordnance was smuggled through and the Qassam Brigades created a diversion so that the border guards would not pursue the smuggled ordnance. Thus the weapons, ammo, and explosives were successfully smuggled and given to the Bedouins. The Bedouins accompanied the smugglers to Cairo so as to storm the prisons in which Hamas elements were being kept. About 70 to 90 members of Hezbollah who were based in Gaza also joined them. On 1/28 after the Friday Afternoon Prayer, some of them were seen in Tahrir Square, while others were preparing to carry out the prison breaks with help from Bedouin known for smuggling in the nearby regions, especially in Wadi El Natrun. In addition, on 1/27 the Muslim Brotherhood informed us that they were going to take part in the demonstrations on 1/28 after Friday Afternoon Prayer. Thus hordes of people from all around Cairo began mobilizing and heading for Tahrir Square. All of the mosques in the vicinity of Tahrir Square were filing directly into the square in great numbers. At EGIS we assessed the situation and found that the situation was highly unstable and that numbers of this magnitude could easily cause big problems. We followed the situation closely and our assessment was proved correct when people from this vast crowd began clashing with police and setting fire to various buildings and objects. Crime rings and felons began to storm police stations. By midnight on 1/28, Hamas and Hezbollah had succeeded in freeing their comrades from prison. Many successive events eventually led to the police force leaving its posts and abandoning its duties in front of this massive crowd that was unprecedented in number. On the afternoon of 1/28, we learned that Habib el-Adly had asked the president of the republic to deploy the army, and at around 6pm on the same day, the AF began to establish a presence in the streets. By that time the police had almost entirely withdrawn and the overwhelming demonstrations walked unchecked and their chants for the first time began to include demands for the fall of the regime. The police force was broken at about 5pm on 1/28.
 
Q: Did you inform the accused former president of the republic about the degradation of the situation and advise him to take measures in order to confront this major event, as you said?
 
A: From what I know, the IM contacted the former president and requested the assistance of the AF and this demand cannot be made unless the situation is dire. The president met this request, which pays testament to the gravity of the situation.
 
Q: What is your assessment of how the police establishment handled the events?
 
A: No one among us expected this many people to take part in the demonstrations and it would have been impossible for the police to do its duty of protecting the demonstrators and property by itself with this many people. The AF needed to be deployed. The police presence in the squares was dwarfed by the size of the demonstrations and was incapable of dispersing or protecting crowds of that size, especially considering that there were elements which were clashing with the police forces. It stayed like this for three days and thus the powers of the police were exhausted and they were unable to continue.
 
Q: Did EGIS ever communicate any advice or points of view regarding the manner in which the demonstrations were being handled and what mechanisms or tactics should be tried after the police failed to contain the crowds?
 
A: Usually when the police forces collapse the only solution is to deploy the AF. As soon as I learned that the IM had requested from the president to deploy the army, my role was over.
 
Q: Did the accused former president issue any orders or directives regarding the manner in which the demonstrations should be confronted?
 
A: I do not know what the president discussed with the IM, but over the past several years he has known that containing demonstrations involves the use of shields, gas, and water.
 
Q: Does containing demonstrations involve using projectiles, including live ammunition?
 
A: According to EGIS intelligence, riot dispersal units are not equipped with firearms.
 
Q: If the situation devolves, is it permissible, in your assessment, that the demonstrators be confronted using firearms?
 
A: I know that the riot dispersal units are charged with driving persons away, and when they fail they collapse.
 
Q: What do you mean by riot dispersal?
 
A: Riot dispersal that takes place at demonstrations.
 
Q: Do you mean to say the CSF?
 
A: It is a part of the CSF.
Q: Did EGIS, with you at its head, record the presence of snipers belonging to the police?
 
A: I don’t know.
 
Q: Many of the causalities among the demonstrators were clearly caused by projectiles or firearms. How do you explain that?
 
A: It could have come from forces other than the police riot dispersal units.
 
Q: What do you suppose these forces could have been if not policemen?
 
A: Unfortunately I do not have the powers in EGIS to gather such intelligence.
 
Q: Are you able to determine who is responsible for the injuries and deaths among the demonstrators?
 
A: I went to the president’s office and told him that he should form a fact finding commission that could uncover the reasons behind this large number of injuries and deaths.
 
Q: What specific measures did you undertake between 1/25 and 2/11 to determine the reasons behind the injuries and deaths that befell the protestors?
 
A: Unfortunately on the evening of 1/28 the police forces collapsed entirely and the AF needed a certain amount of time to diffuse out into the streets and take control of command operations. During the time between 1/28 and 1/31 there was a perfect security vacuum, during which there was an assassination attempt on my life. We did not manage to apprehend the culprit despite the fact that some people were killed. The collapse encompassed all sections and divisions of the MoI. When Mahmoud Wagdy took over as IM on 1/31 he had a very difficult job in front of him. Moreover the process required for determining the cause of injury and death would have been extremely difficult and obtaining the proper documentation would have taken much time to produce results. I asked the former president to form a fact finding commission and it was formed.
 
Q: Did you learn what conclusions this commission came to or the perpetrators it identified regarding the cause behind the injuries and deaths of some demonstrators?
 
A: This commission was active until the day my service ended on 2/11/2011 with the resignation of the former president of the republic. I followed the commission closely and it was summoning many witnesses, however the commission never came to a concrete decision regarding who determinately killed or injured the protestors.
 
Q: Meaning that in your capacity as either vice president or chief of EGIS, you never learned the true cause behind the injuries and deaths of some demonstrators?
 
A: The intelligence that EGIS had procured had to do with the deaths and injuries that occurred as a result of the prisons and police stations being stormed. As for the deaths and injuries of 1/28, the entire police apparatus had withdrawn and collapsed, and moreover we were not able to gather enough information to say determinately who was behind the killings and injuries.
 
Q: In their testimonies to the public prosecutor in this courtroom, some witnesses testified to having seen CSF policemen wielding rifles capable of firing rubber bullets and tear-gas canisters. Do you think that injuries or deaths could have been caused by the policemen using these weapons?
 
A: From my personal understanding, if a projectile strikes a vulnerable area then it could feasibly be fatal. Water cannons sometimes can be fatal in the same manner. I know that the CSF is armed with truncheons, tasers, and tear-gas.
 
Q: Can you say with certainty that the CSF, using the weapons with which they were armed, was the cause of the injuries and deaths?
 
A: If CSF was the only force present then they could not have been equipped with fire arms or projectiles. However it is possible that there were other forces present with CSF and I cannot say for certain.
 
Q: What do you mean by other forces?
 
A: Possibly from the local precincts or something.
 
Q: Can you definitively determine the extent of responsibility the former president of the republic bears in terms of political responsibility considering that he was ruling the country when injuries and deaths occurred in the demonstrations that took place on a national scale?
 
A: I cannot definitely say however everything that the president was asked to do to protect the country he did. When the police collapsed and the IM requested the assistance of the AF, he immediately approved the request. When political concessions were demanded of him, he immediately complied. This was all that was asked of him until he resigned.
 
Q: Can you determine – given you were by the president’s side – that he knew of the violations that the demonstrators had sustained during the attempts to contain the demonstrations, which led to the matter spiraling out of control and violent clashes that in turn caused injury and death among many demonstrators on a national scale?
 
A: From 1/31, the day I took charge, I was authorized by the president to make calls of a political nature to protect the regime and the country. From 1/31 until 2/11, there were no clashes between police and protestors.
 
Q: However the question is: Can you say in front of the court that the president was aware of what had taken place in the demonstrations and in Egypt at large regarding the injuries and deaths of protestors?
 
A: The fact that he approved the formation of a fact finding commission implies that he was aware.
 
Q: Upon learning of these facts, did the former president inquire as to the cause of these injuries and deaths?
 
A: He was waiting for the commission’s report.
 
Q: Did the former president ever indicate to you during a side conversation or any time that he was aware of the culprit responsible for the injuries and deaths or demonstrators?
 
A: He never once spoke with me about this topic.
 
Q: The court repeats the question regarding who you believe caused the injuries and deaths, and if they resulted from the use of projectiles and firearms.
 
A: I don’t know.
 
Q: Medical reports from the investigation revealed that all of the injuries sustained by demonstrators all resulted from projectiles or firearms. Those asked in the investigation stated that they had been injured by policemen using firearms or projectiles. So how do you explain these statements from those injured?
 
A: Police are typically armed with projectiles. So if there were definitely injuries caused by projectiles then it would have been from police projectiles. As for injuries from live rounds shot from firearms, this is a strange occurrence that does not occur except for in cases of self-defense.
 
Q: Can you definitively determine the extent of responsibility that the accused former IM Habib el-Adly bears regarding the confrontations between the police and the protestors during which some were injured and others killed?
 
A: I cannot definitely determine the extent of responsibility.
 
Q: On what basis cannot you not definitively say?
 
A: Because this is not within my purview as chief of EGIS.
 
Q: Generally speaking as a passive observer of the events, can you say whether former President Hosni Mubarak or former IM Habib el-Adly is responsible for the injuries and deaths?
 
A: As a passive observer, what happened in Egypt was bigger than the police establishment was capable of handling and this led to a security vacuum. It could be that the injuries occurred without any directives as a result of the chaos. But this is not the intelligence of the chief of EGIS.
 
Q: Did EGIS intelligence reveal anything regarding the true relationship between former President Mubarak and the accused Hussein Kamal al-Din Salem?
 
A: Former President Mubarak went to Sharm al-Sheikh in the early 1990s so as to put the destination on the international tourist map. He encouraged business men to invest in Sharm al-Sheikh to this end, and Hussein Salem was among these business men: that is when the president’s relationship with him started.
 
Q: What were the extents of that relationship, and could it be classified as a friendship?
 
A: Encouraging investments is one thing, and friendship is another thing. I don’t know whether or not there was friendship between the president and Hussein Salem. However many occasions and events such as conferences were held at hotels owned by Hussein Salem and others.
 
Q: Were compliments ever exchanged between the former president and the accused Hussein Salem?
 
A: In my capacity as a subordinate to the president, it is not my job to monitor the personal behavior of the president.
 
Q: What intelligence do you have regarding the villas which the accused Hussein Salem gave to the accused former President Hosni Mubarak and the accused Alaa Mohamed Hosni Mubarak and the accused Gamal Mohamed Hosni Mubarak?
 
A: There is no intelligence in this regard because EGIS does not concern itself with such matters. From my personal knowledge, yes, Hussein Salem used to build many villas in Sharm al-Sheikh in the Golf area and that, yes, he did sell five villas to the president but I never inquired about the details, such as the price.
 
Q: Do the sales contracts of these villas represent an exploitation of the former president’s powers along with an exploitation of the influence of the two other aforementioned accused persons?
 
A: It is personal knowledge, not EGIS information, that Hussein Salem had wanted the president to own property in Sharm al-Sheikh so that Sharm al-Sheikh could continue to be a promising tourist destination.
 
Q: Do you think that the price at which those villas were sold are in keeping with the real price of any one of those five villas?
 
A: I don’t know.
 
Q: What information did EGIS collect while under your leadership regarding the contract to export gas to Israel?
 
A: There had been an agreement between former President Anwar Sadat and President Carter to provide Israel with petroleum products, and a volume of 2 million tons annually was agreed upon and transactions were based on global prices. That was in 1979 with the signing of the Camp David Accords and this petrol has continued to be sold to Israel. However, with the increases in domestic consumption in Egypt, we were not able to continue exporting the original volume so the amount of annual exports to Israel was significantly reduced. There were communications between Egyptian General Petroleum Co (EGPC) in Egypt and Israeli electric companies regarding providing these companies with natural gas from Egypt. Some messages were exchanged between the Israeli companies and the EGPC. With regards to the peace process, the Israelis place much significance on normalization, and commercial exchange between Egypt and Israel is an indication of normalization, the goal of which is the preservation of the peace and realizing creating mutual interests for both sides. Around 2000, when Atef Abid was PM, the Council of Ministers approved proposing gas export initiatives to a number of Mediterranean countries, including: Spain, Italy, France, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon. The timing worked for the foreign parties and Egypt and three projects were agreed to: liquefying the gas and exporting it, exporting gas via pipeline, and exporting gas via pipelines that would run though Turkey and Israel, in addition to another Arab pipeline which would go to Jordan and, in future, extend to Syria and Lebanon. From what I remember this was in November 1999 or 2000. Mr. Hussein Salem proposed to the investment panel that a gas export company be established. In the past Mr. Hussein Salem had done business with the Israelis with the MIDOR project which is an oil refining operation. Mr. Hussein Salem with EGPC and the Israelis with Merhav, who were the same people who partook in the MIDOR project, together founded the East Mediterranean Gas Company (EGM) and they had a security clearance to do so. EGIS closely follows companies such as this one because they realize certain objectives: creating mutual interests, supporting the peace process, increased leverage, and other objectives. We began following this important project closely until the Palestinian uprising in 2000 when the project was put on hold and would stay as such until there was a rapprochement between the Palestinians and Israelis. EGIS began to promote this project as a point of contact between the Israelis and the Egyptian government, and in 2005 a contract was signed between EGM and an Israeli electric company and gas began flowing into Israel starting in 2008. Former President Hosni Mubarak in 2008 issued a decree to the government to raise the price of gas above US $3. He sent me on a mission to visit PM Ehud Olmert and I told him of the importance that he use his influence to facilitate amending the gas agreement because the president had decided that no gas would be sent to Israel unless prices were raised. This is the story of the gas exports to Israel according to EGIS.
Q: Investigations uncovered that the debentures from the sale and export of natural Egyptian gas to the state of Israel belonged to EGM, in which the accused Hussein Salem holds a majority stake, and that these debentures were from the former Egyptian Minister of Petrol, the accused Amin Sameh Samir Fahmy, whose case has been transferred to criminal court. Investigations revealed that the accused former president helped the minister by authorizing his company to sell gas at a price below global commercial prices, a move undertaken by the accused former president so that the accused Hussein Salem could realize profits. What is your personal or professional understanding of these events?
A: My professional understanding is that the president did not involve himself in setting prices or anything else of that sort and that the minister of petroleum was not among those who set the prices, rather it is a technical panel within EGPC which sets the prices in accordance with global standards. The former president never involves himself in setting prices. The minister of petroleum got approval from the Council of Ministers regarding the prices, volumes, and exports to Israel. The former president learned about the export of gas to Israel from the minister of petroleum. He had determined his stance towards this issue long ago back in the days of PM Rabin, and the president was not shown the export contract, having only learned about it from the minister of petroleum.
 
Q: Was the accused former President Hosni Mubarak aware of the price included in the contract and did he approve it before the contract was signed? Or did he learn of it after the contract was signed during its implementation phase. And what is your perspective on this price?
 
A: These details were not made known to the president.
 
Q: Who specifically is responsible for setting the price of the gas exported to Israel in accordance with the concluded contract between the two sides?
 
 
A: A technical panel within EGPC that is formed to set the prices for each country to which gas is exported.
 
Q: You mentioned that the accused former president issued a decree or directive that stated that the price must be above US $3, so does this mean that he decided to lower the price that was stated in the contract.
 
A: During the time the contract was signed with Israel petrol prices were at their normal levels. However from 2006 to 2008, global prices of petrol increased and thus the price of the gas we were selling became depressed. So the former president issued directives to correct domestic and exported gas prices so as to bring them in line with global levels.
 
Prosecution
 
Q: Did EGIS record the number of individuals who communicated with foreign organizations and who attended the training sessions in Poland and Cairo?
 
A: I don’t remember truthfully, but the public prosecutor could request them from EGIS.
 
Q: Did EGIS take any measures against these individuals?
 
A: No, just surveillance.
 
Q: Were there any measures taken against the Bedouin elements or other elements which you recently mentioned to the court?
 
A: The Bedouins paved the way for the smuggling operation by asserting control over the roads and surrounding areas which enabled the smuggling and the attack on the outpost in Sheikh Zuweid. They asserted their control over this region: we in EGIS gather intelligence.
 
Q: Why were the measures necessary to prevent that not taken?
A: EGIS’s powers in this case were limited to informing the border guard and the police, which have the power to prevent such an event, of some piece of intelligence. However the number of Bedouins and their ability to gain control prevented government forces from engaging them with counter measures.
 
Q: Can you remember the specifics surrounding your request of the accused former president to form a fact finding commission regarding the injuries and deaths among the protestors?
 
A: I think he issued a national decree to form such a commission on 2/1 or 2/2.
 
Q: From your military experience, is it possible for policemen to use firearms or projectiles, not including cases of self-defense, without approval from their superiors, top-most of them being the IM?
 
A: If conscripts were armed with projectiles then there was some intention to use them at some point. They wouldn’t arm conscripts with projectiles if they didn’t plan to use them. If policemen are armed with projectiles, they must appeal to their superiors for orders to fire the projectiles and fire in a manner that complies with the orders of the commander. As for firearms, they are not used except for in cases of self-defense.
 
Q: What measures should the police leadership have taken once they had realized the size and scope of the crowds of demonstrators?
 
A: The police assessed the situation incorrectly when they decided to continue to confront the demonstrators. When the IM saw that the police could no longer contain the crowds, he requested the deployment of the AF.
 
Q: What transpired during the meeting held on 1/30 that included yourself, the accused former president, the field marshall/minister of defense, and the chief of staff?
 
A: The president told me to be there at 9am on 1/30 in the operations center of the AF and that we would meet there at that time. We went into the operations center and the Chief of Staff Sami Anan and a few other officers began assessing the deployment of the AF, what had happened so far, and what would happen next, given that the deployment of the AF at that time took between 48 and 72 hours. The president was content with the deployment, seeing how AF units were distributed to the most sensitive locations and this was the overarching objective regarding deploying the AF across the entire country.
 
Q: How was it that gas was exported to a company in Israel which was founded by the accused Hussein Salem, and whose idea was it to found it?
 
A: It was Hussein Salem’s idea to found it. EGPC submitted a request to form the company to the investment body and the matter proceeded via the Council of Ministers until the contract was eventually signed.
 
Q: Did the accused former president play any part in naming the company which the accused Hussein Salem owned? Did he ever suggest changing the name to another name, which was not accepted by the accused Hussein Salem?
 
A: EGM was the company that worked to export gas to Israel and after the stoppage that resulted from the Intifada in Palestine, Hussein Salem sought to change the name to East Company for Gas. He was the primary share holder along with EGPC. After that the former president ordered him to forfeit the company to the Egyptian public sector and to stay with the original company he had founded, i.e., EGM for connecting pipelines to Israel. Hussein Salem was not happy with this and he did not want anyone saying that he was working with Israel.
Recess then the session reconvened in the absence of Mustafa Khater.
 
Civil Prosecutors
 
Q: What did EGIS do, given that it is charged with protecting the homeland, when it learned of reports that there had been communications, according to the intelligence that reached EGIS, that there was an international and domestic push to provoke the people against the government?
 
A: When I previously answered this question I said that EGIS is an information gathering service and it does not take measures.
 
Q: Is EGIS not involved in the decision making process?
 
A: Of course it is: when I inform other agencies then I am involved.
 
Q: What decision was made regarding what you learned from this information given that you were involved in the decision making process?
 
A: There are several other agencies involved in regards to this matter. For instance the government sends a directive to the minister of international cooperation to speak with the American embassy about immediately terminating funding to these NGOs, or a directive to other agencies that are monitoring the activities of these organizations: these are the procedures.
 
Q: Is it possible to prove the information which you provided in your report in this regard?
 
A: Who would be the one proving it? I can’t talk about EGIS work with them.
 
Q: Did EGIS monitor these NGOs?
 
A: Yes, in the usual manner in which EGIS conducts surveillance.
 
Q: Was the government aware of the project for supporting Democracy and Good Governance as you reported?
 
A: Yes.
 
Q: Does the president or the PM determine the price of exported gas or that of domestically consumed gas?
 
A: It is a technical procedure that is conducted in the ministry of petroleum and nowhere else.
 
 
Q: Was there training for young Egyptian men from various parties within and without Egypt? What measures did EGIS take in light of this?
 
A: The training had to do with democratic activism and NGOs, and the state does not impede such activities, however we do monitor them.
 
Q: Does EGIS conduct surveillance on business men and send these reports to the president of the republic?
 
A: When such information is requested I request it from the Administrative Control Authority because it is not within EGIS’s purview.
 
Attorney Abu Lahyia
 
Q: Did clandestine elements of EGIS report any intelligence regarding injuries and deaths from police firearms on 1/28?
 
A: Until the evening of 1/28, there was no report of injuries or deaths among the demonstrators in Tahrir Sq. or in any other public areas.
 
Q: Do the contents of the tape recordings which EGIS sent have to do with the period between 1/25 and 1/28?
 
A: The recordings are the property of the Egyptian Museum, not EGIS.
 
Q: Is it within the powers of the IM to issue an order to use live rounds without first appealing to the president of the republic?
 
A: Neither the president of the republic nor the IM can order live rounds to be fired. They can only be used in cases of self-defense.
 
Q: Who fired projectiles or live rounds in Suez which led to the fatalities?
 
A: I don’t know.
 
Q: Does EGIS, another agency, or you personally have any other information that has not been heard in the case?
 
A: No.
 
Q: Given that the IM had resigned, why was he summoned to attend the meeting?
 
A: The president wanted to understand the status of the police and Mr. Habib el-Adly was still in the MoI. He then waited for a while but then it was too difficult for the IM to attend because of a large demonstration in front of the MoI. He spoke with him about the status of the police and I submitted a report to the president that the police had collapsed and was no longer capable of upholding security.
 
Q: Do you rely on the police for the gathering of intelligence?
 
A: There are many agents that gather intelligence, and some of them are included amongst the police.
 

Egypt: Security, CT, Sinai Fighting, June 1 – June 16, 2015

17 Jun

June 16 Morsi’s death sentence was upheld in same trial in which he and 16 others received life imprisonment for spying for Hamas and IRGC. http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155732/news/breaking-morsis-death-sentence-over-prison-break-upheld

June 15 Power station of the weaving factory in Gharbiyya set on fire.

June 15 Minister of Defense, Sedki Sobhi attended graduation ceremonies at Egyptian Command and Staff College http://en.arabstoday.net/news/arabworld/egypts-defence-minister-attends-graduation-ceremony-of-army-college.html

June 15  Police captain’s home set afire in al-Maadi.  https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/a.426654834107094.1073742478.122306507875263/720454328060475/?type=1&theater

June 15 Explosion destroys a 4th high energy electricity tower in Oseem, north of Giza. 2 others defused. Three towers collapsed in two bombings: http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155661/news/3-giza-transmission-towers-collapse-in-twin-bomb-attacks
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=59fc02a6-3b21-4ec8-aa0c-ea88f0060987

 

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 14 1,429 tunnels have been destroyed in Rafah border area in Sinai over the last 18 months. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7bcda3f3-6a06-4ce3-beeb-e54653e7fa2b

June 14 Violent Egyptian group called Revolutionary Punishment says it has conducted 124 operations, killed 157 and wounded 452 since January https://el3qab.wordpress.com/2015/06/14/%D8%AD%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%85-%D8%A3%D9%8E%D9%85%D9%8E%D8%B1-2/

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 14 The Rafah crossing was opened for three days so that Palestinians could travel in and out of the Gaza strip from (and to) Egypt. The opening could be extended. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/13/us-palestinians-egypt-gaza-idUSKBN0OT0BM20150613?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=twitter
June 14 Fifty-eight alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to be tried in Egypt for terrorism offenses in 2013 and 2014. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132771/Egypt/Politics-/-Islamists-to-stand-military-trial-in-Egypt.aspx
June 14 Three persons attacked the home of a Copt in Mayana village in Beni Suef with Molotov cocktails. http://en.sectarianattacks.com/attacks/276-unknown-assailants-throw-molotov-cocktails-at-coptic-home-in-beni-suef

June 14 “IS affiliate” – claimed it ambushed Egypt’s army and used a Kornet anti-tank missile. (source: Samer al-Atrush) and hacked a government website (source: Joe Gulhane)

June 14 Wilayat Sinai (“IS affiliate) put out a communiqué to Sinai bedouin telling them not to use tractors in/outside Rafah without first communicating with WS because of IEDs. http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155429/news/sinai-province-warns-bedouins-against-using-tractors-to-avoid-ieds

June 13 Court allows an appeal of death sentence for Habara #Sinai militant leader and 15 others who ambushed and killed 25 Egyptian police officers in the Sinai in 2013 #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132651/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Egypt-court-revokes-death-sentence-for-Si.aspx
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/06/13/egypt-orders-retrial-for-16-people-accused-killing-25-police-officers-in-sinai/

June 13 #Egypt police say an IED diffused inside Zamalek youth center. In Osim, man shot dead placing IED near police station.

June 13 Military issue statement about a new checkpoint in the Abu Tawila area and thank Sinai residents for assistance in efforts against terrorism: http://www1.el-balad.com/1577686#sthash.yZ9TNNXj.uxfs&st_refDomain=t.co&st_refQuery=/7lZukw5y7e

June 12 A police officer was shot and killed by a lower-ranking policeman he was arresting in Sharqiyya province. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132622/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt-National-Security-officer,-policeman-killed-.aspx
June 11 #ISIS affiliate puts out flyers in #Sinai warning residents not to divert from main roads w/o coordinating with them (IEDs)

June 10 Security personnel killed 6 militants after detonating 2 vehicles – militants had launched mortars at peacekeepers http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=05ee53e4-b458-4bf1-a552-4dbc67c55de7

June 10 Egyptian woman campaign in Moganada Misriya for women to join the military http://www.madamasr.com/sections/politics/let-our-girls-join-our-army-egypts-aspiring-military-women

June 10 IED detonates in Masaeed area, west of al-#Arish, Sinai

June 10 A roadside bomb injured three persons when it hit a civilian bus near Shaykh Zuwayd. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132227/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Roadside-bomb-hits-civilian-bus-in-North-.aspx
English.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132227/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Roadside-bomb-hits-civilian-bus-in-North-aspx
June 10 Russia and Egypt held their first-ever joint naval exercise http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132450/Egypt/Politics-/Russia-and-Egypt-hold-first-ever-joint-naval-drill.aspx
June 10 Security officer at #US Embassy arrested & authorities say he’s commander of Helwan Brigades #Egypt http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/06/10/security-guard-at-u-s-embassy-in-egypt-arrested-as-a-terrorist.html

June 10 Attack by 3 persons outside Karnak Temple in Luxor. 5 Egyptians injured; 2 of the attackers killed by police, 3rd set off car bomb & was being treated http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/10/2-dead-5-injured-in-luxor-suicide-attack-health-ministry/ First reports were they were Tunisians, but that they were #Egyptians from Minya, Beni Suef & Gharbiyah. #Egypt #Luxor

June 9 Policeman’s house burns in Sinai, IS kills ‘police spy’ http://amay.link/O3WFV

June 9 Armed gunmen fire 7 mortar shells at the small airport south of Shaykh Zuwaid http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/751713
http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSKBN0OP2J120150610?irpc=932
June 9 IED found in Haram tunnel. https://twitter.com/ElwatanNews/status/608417187284566016

June 9 A rocket hit a house in a village near Shaykh Zuwaid killing a child. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=de7a2ecb-4463-4109-b401-35d5f2a6c8d7

June 9 5 militants killed and 12 arrested near Shaykh Zuwaid http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c103855f-a6bf-4660-a736-24fee5497016
June 8 Two militants killed – believed to be Ansar Bayt alMaqdis and 5 arrested near Shaykh Zuwaid http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9da8e5a3-5038-4340-a538-25bc669b5de0

June 8 Masked men torched cars in Mostafa Nahhas St. #NasrCity yest. #Egypt http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/8/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B3-%D8%A2%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9–%D9%85%D9%82%D9%86%D8%B9%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%AE%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%AD%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D9%85/2216962#.VXcuTWRVikp

June 8 Roadside bomb hit a bus carrying teachers near Shaykh Zuwayd injuring 3. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132227.aspx

June 8 An Egyptian soldier killed, 5 more “including an officer” got injured in two separate attacks on army in Sheikh Zuwaied and Rafah, #Sinai (no info. on second part) – a girl was killed in Abu al-Arag http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132264.aspx
June 8 Syria’s opposition groups met in Egypt – aim is to seek a solution to the conflict, but without Assad. (The Muslim Brotherhood were not represented at the mtg) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132294.aspx

June 8 Referencing same report below – this concerns the impact of Egypt’s War on Terrorism in the Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/analysis/view.aspx?id=5e0274e4-793a-4b9e-b910-eedcbecbcd8e

June 7 Egyptian army opening fire at striking workers in Al Arish cement killing one and injuring 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-rTSd4nLBfI&feature=share&app=desktop … #Egypt
June 7 The President’s office issued an Infographic on Efforts to Counter Terrrorism and restore security. Said 1,671 accused MB members or terrorists, approx.. 38,000 criminals caught 6 million verdicts, 54 solved kidnapping crimes, 1682 gangs arrested, 87,000 arms seized, 94 rape cases 661 harassment cases

June 6 Cairo Appeals Court cancelled the verdict designating Hamas a terrorist group due to lack of jurisdiction (by that court). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/06/cairo-court-cancels-hamas-terrorist-designation/

June 6 Twelve sentenced to 2 years in prison for violence in Suez (and six acquitted) all defendants believed to be members of the Muslim Brotherhood http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9e26af38-7f1b-43e4-9205-2ededb8feeb6

June 6 A policeman was killed in an explosion at a bombmaking site in Gharbiyya http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b550d9c1-9517-4114-8a20-4bfb3c43620f

June 6 Egypt’s ‘popular resistance’ has been posting firearm instruction vids, orig. content by Syrian grp from a few years

June 6 #55 explosive devices dismantled in Sheikh Zwayed https://shar.es/12Ggzg

June 5 Telecom workers who had been abducted in a company vehicle in North Sinai have been released http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/5/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%B1–%D8%A5%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AE%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%81%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%B4%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%B3%D9%8A/2212217#.VXYKBmRVikq

June 4 IED at #Fayoum city council #Egypt wounded a policeman and two employees earlier today #Egypt via @AssetSourceApp pic.twitter.com/uudGIKijtn

June 3 12 militants killed in separate incidents in the Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2519a1ba-46a3-43bc-9549-3961eff89738

June 3 Gunmen shot 2 antiquities & tourism policemen near the pyramids in Giza Egypt. http://af.reuters.com/article/egyptNews/idAFL5N0YP28R20150603
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-32998721

June 2 State reported that 141 militants were killed in May http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3de37939-8ca4-4622-946c-d956bfed5823

June 2 Morsi’s verdict adjourned until June 16

June 2 Sabri al-Ghoul, a Sinai based militant died in detention. Denials & circumstances are unclear. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/02/sinai-activist-reportedly-died-in-military-detention-army-denies/

June 2 Six Coptic families returned to Bani Suef after they had been displaced by Islamists who set their homes on fire. Governor promises those responsible will be punished.

June 1 Unknown militants destroyed a mosque in Shaykh Zuwayd Sinai http://www.albawabaeg.com/55742

June 1 Twenty-two anti-Morsi protesters sentenced to ten year terms in ’13 clashes http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/131680.aspx

June 1 The Muslim Brotherhood’s leadership tasked a cell to infiltrate ministries, pass along information and air false news – going back to ’12 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=827d5685-6fb3-4a8f-a6b9-cf2945b919d2

Patti Munter Interviews Sherifa Zuhur

16 Jun
7 Questions for Sherifa Zuhur
                                                    By Patti Munter
Sherifa Zuhur is a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at UC Berkeley,  researcher and author of 17 books. She was a research professor at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, directed the Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Strategic Studies, taught at MIT, American University in Cairo, UC Berkeley, California State University, Sacramento and was a Senior Fulbright Research Scholar in Syria and Egypt, and a research scholar at Ben Gurion University’s Chaim Herzog Institute.  Her work on Islamist movements in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia has relied on original field research and interviews.  Her dissertation was on the impact of the Muslim Brotherhood and other radical Islamist groups in Egypt whose influence in that country, and in academia and Muslim communities abroad has been profound.  She has tried to draw attention to the growing influence of the Brotherhood and its sister organizations (in Libya, Gaza, Yemen, and Syria) and their links with jihadists.
Americans have a monolithic view of Egypt. Talk to me about the Muslim Brotherhood (MB).  In your view, what does the future hold for the MB in Egypt?
The Muslim Brotherhood first developed in the late 1920s in Egypt as a response to the Westernizing effects of colonialism, and to preserve and develop an Islamic way of life.  From its inception, the organization has drawn on the beliefs of the essentially conservative and deeply religious population to promote a pan-Islamic vision.
In the early to mid-1970s radical Islamist organizations grew and many of them included former Muslim Brotherhood members – namely the Islamic Jihad (IJ) and the Gamaat Islamiyya (GI).  Members of IJ later formed a wing in al-Qaeda; members of GI waged a low-level insurgency against the Egyptian government.  Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood behaved as if it was a political party and also a socio-religious movement, focusing on recruitment, retention, alliances with independents.  It fully expected President Mubarak to alter his antagonism toward them and allow them to retain political seats.
 How easily can you have conversations about Muslim Brotherhood issues with young Arab American students in the US?
Conversations can be quite difficult depending on the degree to which they are influenced by community groups or projects where Islamists dominate.  Liberal students may not really understand the degree to which the MB are committed to bringing about their world vision, and that they are not just one more democratic group or actor to be included in political.
To Arab-Americans who have lived in the region, such discussions are usually clear-cut; many have a healthy fear of Islamist groups. Others grew up with this orientation or married into it.  I was quite shocked to encounter a young woman who firmly supports the MB and wants to work for the overthrow of Sisi who presented herself as a ‘free thinker’ to visiting MB government-in-exile figures speaking at a California university.  As if MB are a cause, like possible extinction of a whale or an animal species that she wants to save. As if they represent a human rights issue. Other young Arab-Americans don’t really have opinions – the MENA is far away for them, they only bump up against the influence of the MB in religious associations.
To what degree have you interacted —or tried to — with MB-tied groups in the US?
While at US Army War College (AWC), I had a lot of problems with some officials and faculty who simply were anti-Muslim. I tried bringing a complaint to CAIR.  What I found was that CAIR represents itself as an advocacy group, but only offers legal assistance in those cases where like-minded individuals suffer discrimination, and it does not pursue many other cases.
I believe Western Muslims should be involved in counterterrorism and security efforts against violent Islam. What bother me most is to see the reliance of some experts and centers on former jihadists (who are Islamists), or community members who are Islamists, whether MB or not.
I watched in disbelief five years ago as Nonie Darwish was disinvited to speak at Princeton about five years ago. Brandeis was also in the news last year: same story, different woman. Thoughts?
Princeton’s disinvitation of Nonie Darwish, like Brandeis’ disinvitation of Ayaan Hirsi Ali was shameful and the result of pressure by students.  All I can say is it is an over-steering, an incorrect characterization of Islamophobia, and a vicious prejudice against two women who support women’s rights and have left Islam.  Converting ‘out’ is considered apostasy, and for that, their high profiles, and firmly anti-Islamist stand, many oppose them.  I am not comfortable with many things Hirsi Ali has done and said, but I would certainly hear her speak.  As we supposedly uphold freedom of speech on our campuses – certainly that should occur.  The other huge division concerns attitudes toward Israel; I suppose Nonie Darwish is not forgiven for her Arabs for Israelorganization.
 After Morsi was elected, you detail how the MB ousted the Minister of Culture. Her replacement vowed to abolish ballet and Islamize Egypt’s film industry.
The MB —via the Freedom and Justice Party— brought in its own ministers. There was great antipathy to the new 2012 Constitution and other actions by Morsi.  He appointed a new minister of Culture, Alaa Abd al-Aziz about a year into his term.  By then the Tamarrod movement had already begun (the petition calling for Morsi to step down).  As Abd al-Aziz made statements about Islamizing the arts – not only doing away with ballet – he fired the directors of the Cairo Opera House, the National Library and Archives, and the General Egyptian Book Organization.    The cast of the Opera appeared onstage in Aidacarrying placards against the Muslim Brotherhood and calling for the end of Morsi’s regime.  Then writers, artists, and performers began a two week sit-in outside of the Ministry of Culture.
What was behind the 2013 calls from Western governments to include MB politically? Was it fear? Naiveté? Corruption?  
Various countries had come to the conclusion that Islamists held so much influence in the Middle East, they should be partners in the struggle against  radical Islamists – a sort of “if you can’t beat them, join them” stance.   They weren’t wrong in understanding that pushing full-out anti-religious secularism would not take, but rather, in imagining that Islamist organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood would ever be inclusive or put anything but its own movement’s interests first.  Numerous Washington-based organizations and NGOs had promoted democracy in which Islamists and non-Islamists would coexist and somehow people would vote down coercive laws or measures.
Strong ties were established between democracy-building organizations and Islamists, so the thought was that since Morsi had won the election, the Muslim Brotherhood must be included in the post 06/30/13 government.  In fact, then Minister of Defense al-Sisi presented multiple offers to the Muslim Brotherhood to include them in some way if Morsi stepped down, but they refused.
You catalogue daily instances of sabotage and violence by the “ansar Morsi.” Are they available to read by public?
  I periodically post logs on Twitter of daily incidents of sabotage and violence by Ansar Morsi, and other radical Islamists.  I do so because a wing of Egypt’s opposition claims that the Muslim Brotherhood are not violent; or they assert that the violence is actually fake and enacted by Egypt’s security forces to have a reason for a crackdown.  Occasionally I post these on my website (sherifazuhurwordpress.com) and I am working on articles and a book which highlights this security campaign.
   The Atlantic copies Egyptian press notices on violence and the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy tracks violent attacks. For some reason, both are opposed to Egypt’s government, and they do not connect dots between the resistance, its likely sources of funding, etc.
    They are stuck in the belief that radicalization is caused by repression instead of understanding that radicalization is its own motor and motivation.   .

Muslim Brotherhood and Extremist Violence in Egypt & Sinai May 15 – 31, 2015

3 Jun

Muslim Brotherhood and Extremist Violence in Egypt & Sinai May 15 – 31, 2015


May 31 Sinai militants blew up a natural gas pipeline early Sunday morning near al-Arishhttp://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/officials-militants-blow-natural-gas-pipeline-egypt-31423726
Security was reinforced after the attack. (Wilayat Sinai did not take credit for the attack as of 01/06)http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/131562.aspx

May 31 Report by National Council of Human Rights says 2,600 were killed in 18 months over the ouster of Morsi. including 700 policemen & 500 civilians. http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/M/ML_EGYPT?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT

May 30 An effort to smuggle police uniforms from Egypt to Saudi Arabia was foiled.http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/attempt-smuggle-police-uniforms-saudi-arabia-foiled

May 29 Pro-Morsi (Anti-Coup) posts photo of protests in #Damietta today on IkhwanWeb

May 29 Pro-Muslim Brotherhood march in Giza was dispersed by authorities.http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=da6963f3-ad55-49e9-bdad-cd4ef6c6fe42

May 29 Pro-Morsi/Muslim Brotherhood group causes havoc on Haram St. previous nighthttp://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/743411#.VWdvsXYWAV4.facebook

May 28 #ABM threatens to strike Eilat. http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Report-ISIS-linked-Sinai-terrorists-threaten-to-strike-Eilat-port-404440?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

May 28 One policeman killed & 8 wounded in attack in #Arish #Sinai #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=5e2b9a62-f5a5-48a3-8fe7-82b0d0468b35

May 28 #Egypt‘s forces have captured #MuslimBrotherhood‘s Mohamed Taha Wahdan acting leader “inside” since the 8/14/13 clearing of #Rabaa

May 28 Muslim Brotherhood spokesperson says Mahmoud Hussein is no longer the group’s secretary-general.https://twitter.com/ajmurgent/status/604025516602081281 … #

May 28 Electricity power tower that was destroyed this morning in Oseem with 4 bombs, 2 of which were defused, cost $4 million

May 27 Police brigadier general killed by a #terrorist roadside bomb in
http://linkis.com/www.reuters.com/arti/Awfwu

May 27 2 soldiers injured and 22 bombs neutralized in northern Sinai http://sdb.esisc.org/Account/LogOn?ReturnUrl=%2fIncident%2fView%2feda2a089-4f52-4018-81a2-cfe5da3f16b8%3futm_medium%3dtwitter%26utm_campaign%3d%2523security%26utm_source%3dtwitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=%23security&utm_source=twitterfeed

May 27 Two IEDs detonated on a train track in #Gharbiyya today – #Egypt #insurgencyhttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b0473e11-a957-4d90-ae8c-0a64f386b3ce

May 26 Today a power cut hit #Egypt‘s state television for the 2nd time in a month: http://ift.tt/1dvVLaK

May 26 Egyptian Court sentences Head of Al-Qaida in north Sinai Adel Habbarah, 8 other terrorists to death. Habbarah planned the August 2012 terror attack which killed 16 Egyptian soldiers in Rafah, North Sinai. #Egyptabbarah also personally executed 25 unarmed #Egypt|ian soldiers in cold blood in Jan 2014

May 26 521 tunnel openings destroyed on Gaza border http://dlvr.it/9yZ6Zl

May 26 Egyptian forces capture all but 3 Muslim Brotherhood members in 2 Giza neighborhoods and close an MB weapons workshop http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/741634

May 26 Police commander of Port Said prison gives testimony, saying demonstrators attacked the prison & guards couldn’t defend prison because they were pelted with stones
http://www.shorouknews.com/news/view.aspx?cdate=26052015&id=55d342f2-8e5c-4874-bf49-4295ed9c74dc

May 25 Police shot a Christian women, then an officer and 2 soldiers taken prisoner in a church in Mashiet Nasr and were then released following on police negotiation. Mashiet Nasserhttp://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/741279

May 25 #LIbya‘s tribal leaders met in #Cairo conference today; aim to build alliance against #Islamic militants#Egypt
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9b876e15-50c9-4c8d-b88d-46338d1f23af

May 24 Rafah border will be open this week on Tuesday and Wednesdayhttp://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765594

May 23 #Minya police rescued 4 #Copts who were kidnapped. #Egypthttp://www.persecution.org/2015/05/22/egypt-police-rescue-kidnapped-copts-leaving-marian-pilgrimage-site/

May 23 Three bombs targeting electricity pylon went off in Nasr City early Saturday. No casualties.http://www.masrawy.com/news/news_cases/details/2015/5/23/585618/%D9%82%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%B4%D8%B7-%D8%B4%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%B9-%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A9-%D9%86%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%AF%D9%81-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC-%D9%83%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A1

May 23 Egypt and the US have disagreed at the nuclear NPT talks. Egypt strongly supports a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East, but the US will not address Israel’s possession of nuclear weapons. The US, UK and Canada blocked the final resolution. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6c923ca8-fab1-4ace-a0b4-168ce9c50e01

May 22 Not “suspected” militants, actual militants kidnapped an #Egypt|ian soldier from an ambulance #Sinaihttp://www.egyptindependent.com//news/soldier-kidnapped-suspected-islamist-militants-egypt-s-sinai

May 22 Three bombs targeting electricity pylons went off in different parts of Nasr City – Three people injuredhttps://twitter.com/Cairotoday/status/601912544371056640

May 21 Abu Usama al-Masry, leader of Wilayat Sinai calls for attacks on judgeshttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130873.aspx

May 21 Two IEDs reportedly explode in Suez Canal city of Ismailia, in the 3rd District. 3 others diffused.

May 21 A police conscript killed & one injured in shooting in #Sharqiyya #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9a01c860-47cc-4cf9-a2a3-667d6b766938

May 20 Two IED att (via 3 IEDs – Behaira; Sharqiya); 12 IEDs def; 1 arm att (N. Sinai); ≈103 suspects arrested#Egypt

May 19 Security forces killed a suspect in the shooting of 2 police #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3a36b87a-42f7-4dca-a701-f2c2227c0477

May 18 The Tahrir Institute (a U.S. institute, not Egyptian) says Sinai residents are paying too high a price “for Egypt” in the current counterterrorism campaign: http://timep.org/commentary/north-sinai-population-continues-to-sacrifice-for-egypt/

May 18 Armed assailants carry out 2 attacks in #ShaykhZuwayd, killing 1, injuring 1 #Sinai #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=95c44f0d-979b-4c5d-9395-0afa15f7d9d2

May 18 Three bombs exploded in #Tora area: 2 by the Nile Corniche and one in Tora car tunnel. No injuries.

May 18 Interim Min. of Justice accuses the Muslim Brotherhood of killing the three judges (who were assassinated on Sunday) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130509.aspx

May 18 Two men sentenced to death for forming a terrorist cell in Egypthttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130616.aspx

May 18 Armed men steal an ambulance in Shaykh Zuwaidhttp://bit.ly/1c0YaIT

May 18 Conscript injured in an attack on the checkpoint in Ismailiyyahttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130536.aspx

May 18 Two bombings in Damanhour and one in Abou Homs, Bahairahttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130531.aspx

May 18 Ansar al-Dawlah Islamiyya claim a rocket attack on #Egypt (on Friday) #Sinaihttp://jihadology.net/2015/05/17/new-statement-from-jamaat-an%E1%B9%A3ar-al-dawlah-al-islamiyyah-fi-bayt-al-maqdis-targeting-the-apostate-egyptian-military-in-the-bush-area-with-107-missiles/

May 18 Two suspects in attempted assassination of a judge (May 10th) were killed after firing on security #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=33e67009-c293-47c2-ab5b-e5b41b757ee9

May 18 Wilayat Sinai pledge allegiance again to Bahdadi of ISIS in another video
https://archive.org/details/Bay3atOpah

May 18 Bombing of electricity pylon cuts power to 14 villages in Upper Egypt http://bit.ly/1FjOB2c

May 16 Judges shot dead in #Sinai #Egypt hours after #Morsi‘s sentence.http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/three-egyptian-judges-shot-dead-in-sinai-hours-after-mohamed-morsi-sentenced-to-death-10255067.html

May 15 Eight women banned from traveling to Turkey as Egypt enacts a new policy to inhibit women from joining ISIS.http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c6d68300-8fab-4a6b-b9bc-878c4895cc68

May 15 Egyptian authorities stopped 22 Egyptians from illegally crossing into Libya through Salloumhttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130345.aspx

May 15 9 mid-level MuslimBrotherhood leaders arrested for vandalism & inciting to #violence #Egypthttp://onaeg.com/?p=2276657

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