Syria Update, September 30, 2012 (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)
Today’s death toll: More than 120 Syrians were killed today, among them 43 unarmed civilians.
Saturday’s revised death toll: More than 160, among them 89 civilians.
The al-Nusra Front claimed to have captured five Yemeni army officers sent by Yemen’s government to help quell the uprising. The five men were recorded asking the Yemeni government to stop supporting the Assad regime. On a video they identified themselves as Ali al-Salama, Mohammed Abdo al-Malaiki, Hani Nizar, Hassan al-Wahib and Ahmed Radman and stated they were serving in Aleppo.
Aleppo province: The Syrian military shelled the neighbourhoods of Bab al-Nasr, B’idin, Bustan al-Basha Qastal Harami, Salahaddin, al-Sakhour, al-Sukari, al-Sha’ar, al-Shaykh Ali, and al-Zabdaya and deaths reported in the al-Shaykh Ali neighbourhood as well as injuries of Syrian military in Salahaddin. Fires destroyed the historic suqs of Aleppo, and the stores and their wares within. http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Latest-News-Wires/2012/0930/Syria-Fighting-rages-on-in-Aleppo-after-fire-guts-UNESCO-site
Clashes took place between regime forces and opposition fighters outside of the Aleppo International airport, Dawar al-Sakhour and al-A’qroub. Heavy clashes took place at the Dawar Jandool military checkpoints resulting in casualities and the destruction of two tanks.
The Syrian military shelled the town of Enjara. The Free Syrian Army has captured Azaaz, but the town’s school, mosque and other public buildings have all been destroyed, mostly by the FSA itself. http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArticleDetails.aspx?ID=441598
An opinion on the fall of Aleppo by Abdul Rahman al-Rashed
Damascus province: The bodies of 8 civilians were found near the Tishrin military hospital, in the Barzeh neighbourhood. The 8 civilians were forcibly disappeared yesterday during the military operations on the Barzeh neighbourh. Thirty people were found dead in the Asali neighborhood.
The Syrian military shelled the towns and cities of A’rbeen, Duma, KafrBatna, Jusrin, Saqba and Hjeira al-Balad and carried out raids and arbitrary arrests in the city of Harasta. The Syrian military destroyed shops and houses in Harasta. In the evening the Syrian military targeted the town of Hosh Arab near Damascus. The opposition killed 9 regime troops when they attacked a checkpoint on the Qatana-Arna road
Clashes took place at Arb`een. The Syrian military carried out raids and detentions in al-Zabadani after midnight.
Dara`a province: Clashes between the opposition and the Syrian military took place in the Tariq al-Sad neighborhood of Dara`a. The Syrian military shelled Busra al-Sham, Kharab Shahm, al-Mayathin and al-Yaduda. In Yaduda, the Syrian military carried out raids, arrests and burnt homes.
Deir az-Zur province: The Syrian military shelled several neighborhoods of the city of Deir az-Zur causing casualties and several residential buildings collapsed. Clashes took place in the al-Qusur neighborhood and regime gunfire killed 4 civilians. The Syrian military shelled the neighbourhoods of al-Arfi, al-Hamidiyya, al-Jbeila and al-Rashidiyya, killing people and burning homes. Nine people in one family were killed in al-Hamidiyya.
The Syrian military shelled the town of al-Mrei’iyya.
Hama province: An explosion shook the Junub al-Mal’ab neighbourhood of Hama.
The Syrian military carried out raids, arrests and burnt homes in the towns of Kharab and Taybet al-Imam.
Hassake province: A suicide car blast killed Syrian military troops in the al-Gharbi neighborhood of al-Qamishli today. One report claimed four were killed and the SOHR said 8 were killed.
Homs province: The Syrian military heavily shelled the al-Houla area, the city of al-Rastan and the town of Talef. The Syrian military shelled the Baba Amr neighborhood of Homs killing 1 civilian and bombarded the village of Sam’alil. An anti-regime demonstration emerged from the Wa’er neighborhood. The Syrian military shelled the Khaldiyya neighborhood. The main shopping street is now rubble. The Syrian military shelled the old neighborhoods of Homs, Jobar and Sultaniyya.
The Syrian military shelled the villages of Hseiniyya and Jousiyya and the town of al-Qseir. Last night clashes took place near the pro-regime villages of Ghasaniyya and al-Haydariyya and continued late into the night. As a result of these clashes, 17 pro-regime gunmen were killed.
Idlib province: The Syrian military shelled the villages and towsn of Balyoun, Deir al-Gharbi, Has, Ma’rata, Sarmin, Isqat, Kafrenbel, Kafarsanjeh, Kafra’een, al-Rekaya, Taftanaz, Ma’arat al-Nu’man and the Darkoush area. The Syrian military carried out raids and arrests in the neighborhoods of al-Ma’mal and al-Sheirdiba in Jusr al-Shughour and clashes took place near Jusr al-Shughour. Artillery firing on the town of al-Taftanaz continued and clashes took place in the city of Ariha.
Latakia province: Mohammad al-Assad, a leader and founder of the shabiha has been shot during a fight between the leaders of rival shabiha, the sons of Hilal al-Assad on Saturday evening in Qurdaha.
The Syrian military carried out raids and arrests in the Basatin al-Reihaniya neighbourhood of Latakia.
Raqqa province: The Syrian military fired a shell at a car on the road to the village of Ain Issa causing casualities and injuries.
Black market sales in petrol (gasoline) are doing well in Syria’s war economy. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5hgYRtm2qFLRbNaxYDura2pTok3Rw?docId=CNG.342b89c4eeb3450468167ae5774564cc.2d1
Among The Ways to Support Syrians in Need
President Mohammad Morsi addressed the Justice and Development Party’s Congress in Turkey, signaling a partnership between Egypt and Turkey and saying that the two countries common goal is to support Syrians and Palestinians in their efforts to attain freedom. Khaled Mashaal of Hamas was also present at the Congress. http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/thousands-gather-for-turkish-ruling-party-congress-seeking-to-build-on-decade-long-success/2012/09/30/6cd2996e-0acf-11e2-9eea-333857f6a7bd_story.html
Turkey’s Ibrahim Kalin, advisor to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erodogan said that the documents pointing to Syrian killing of two Turkish pilots that have been referred to by media outlet al-Arabiyya are obviously fakes. The Turkish claim is that its jet was shot down, but 13 miles outside of Syrian airspace, and thus a hostile act. http://www.todayszaman.com/news-293830-turkey-downplays-al-arabiya-claims-on-downed-turkish-jet.html?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter
Syria: A Brief Chronology
1918 October. Troops led by Amir Faisal, the son of Sharif Hussein of Mecca capture Damascus ending Ottoman rule.
1920 March. Faisal is proclaimed the King of Syria.
1920 July. The San Remo conference creates the mandate system placing Syria under the mandate of France. French forces occupy Damascus.
1925-1926. Nationalist uprising known as the Syrian revolution escalates. French forces bombard Damascus, Suwaida and other locations. The rebels led by Sultan al-Atrash go into exile. (Faisal becomes the ruler of Iraq)
1928. A constituent assembly drafts Syria’s constitution.
1936. A treaty between France and Syria is negotiated in which France grants independence but retains military presence and economic management. It is never fully enacted.
1940. After France falls to the Germans, the Vichy government controls Syria.
1941. The Free French and UK forces invade Syria and Lebanon, oust the Vichy government and occupy Syria (and Lebanon).
1946. The French withdraw from Syria.
1947. Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din Bitar form the Arab Socialist Ba`ath Party.
1949. Three military coups take place, in the third one, Adib Shishakli assumes power.
1958-1961 Syria and Egypt join in the United Arab Republic under President Gamal abd al-Nasser. A group of Syrian army officers overthrow the UAR in 1961.
1963. A military coup results in a Baathist cabinet and the presidency of Amin al-Hafiz.
1966 Salah Jadid leads a coup against the civilian Baathist government and takes office. Hafez al-Assad is defense minister.
1970. November. Hafez al-Assad overthrows Nur al-Din al-Atasi and puts Salah Jadid in prison.
1971. Hafez al-Assad is elected President in a referendum.
1973. Hafez al-Assad does away with the Constiutitional requirement that Syria’s president be a Muslim. Riots result which were suppressed by the army.
1973. In the October war with Israel, Syria fails to recapture the Golan Heights.
1976. June. Syria intervenes in the Lebanese civil war.
1979 – 1980. A network of Muslim organizations begin an uprising against the government, attack the military and are attacked by the army.
1980. Syria backs Iran in the Iran-Iraq war.
1982. Islamist uprising in the city of Hama is put down brutally, as many as 30,000 civilians are killed.
1982. Israel invades Lebanon and forces the withdrawal of Syrian forces from some areas.
1987. Syria redeploys troops to Lebanon.
1989 December. Committees for the Defense of Democracy, Freedom and Human Rights (CDDFHR) formed in Syria, an underground human rights organization with a newsletter, Sawt al-Dimukratiyya.
1991. Syria participates in the Madrid peace conference, but is shocked by the secret Oslo peace agreements.
1994. Basil al-Assad, the president’s son dies in a car accident.
1998. Rifaat al-Assad, the vice president and president’s brother is relieved of his position.
2000. Hafez al-Assad dies and is succeeded by his son Bashar al-Assad despite the fact that Syria is a republic.
2000-1 In the Damascus Spring, intellectuals, artists and writers began meeting and discussing politics in groups like the Kawakibi Forum, the Atassi Forum and the National Dialogue Forum which called for an end to emergency laws and restoration of political freedoms.
2002 Bashar al-Assad and his team, especially Hasan Khalil, the head of military intelligence began a crackdown on the dialogue groups, closing them and arresting their members, incarcerating, torturing and killing them.
2002 The United States alleges that Syria is developing chemical and possibly nuclear weapons.
2003 The CDDFHR held its first public meeting in Cairo. It later opened 9 offices outside of Syria, in the Middle East and Europe.
2003 Israel carries out a air strike on a Palestinian militant camp near Damascus.
2004 March. Clashes take place between Kurds, Arabs and regime forces in the northeast of Syria.
2004 September. The U.N. Security Council calls for all foreign forces to leave Lebanon, a resolution directed at Syria.
2005 Former Lebanese Prime Minister Hariri is assassinated. In April, Syria finally withdraws its forces from Lebanon.
2006 Iraq and Syria restore relations.
2007 Syrian dissidents Kamal Labwani and Michel Kilo are sentenced to lengthy terms in Jail and Anwar al-Bunni, a human rights lawyer is sent to jail.
2007 September. Israel carries out an air strike on an area in northern Syria where a nuclear facility had been under construction.
2008 July. Bashar al-Assad meets with Lebanese President Michel Suleiman and re-establishes relations with French President Nicolas Sarkozy.
2009 The IAEA says it has found undeclared man-made uranium at a reactor in Damascus.
2010 The U.S. reinstates sanctions against Syria because of its support for terrorist groups and provision of SCUD missiles to Hizbullah.
2011 March Peaceful protests begin in Syria to demand political freedom and the release of political prisoners.
2011 May. The Syrian government begins a military crackdown on the protests targeting Homs, Banyas, Dara`a and areas of Damascus.
2011 October. The Syrian National Council brings together dissidents from outside and inside of Syria. Russia and China veto a U.N resolution condemning Syria.
2011 November. The Arab League votes to suspend Syria due to the governments attacks on its own civilians.
2012 May. Government forces and militia members massacre more than 100 in Houla.
2012 July. The Free Syrian Army increases military actions and seizes parts of Aleppo and Damascus. The Syrian military struggle to retake these areas.
2012 August 15 The Organisation of the Islamic Conference suspends Syria due to its attacks on its citizens.
2012 August. The Syrian military and militia members massacre more than 500 people in the town of Daraya over two and a half days.