Syria Update, January 12, 2013 (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)
Early death toll: 90 persons including 45 civilians
Friday’s death toll: At least 90 including 39 civilians.
Defections: Jumaa Faraj Jassem of section 30 of the General Intelligence Directorate defects from Assad’s government. https://now.mmedia.me/lb/en/nowsyrialatestnews/syrian_intelligence_official_says_he_has_defected
Refugees: The cold winter is impacting refugees’ lives and they express a sense of abandonment by the world: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZLjXAW4biM
Aleppo province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+aleppo+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152ff85ac00b17c9:0xf68ea3d8dc74b61b,Aleppo+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=R9DLUKfTFoWO0QHBuIHABA&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA
The Syrian military shelled al-Heidariyya and al-Jazmati today killig 4 civilians, including 2 children. Snipers killed 3 unidentified men in Bustan al-Basha. The bodies of 2 persons, were discovered in Khan al-Asal where one opposition fighter was killed. 3 opposition fighters were killed by regime forces in clashes near the 80th”and defense divisions of the Aleppo countryside and the Managh military airport. One opposition fighter was killed on the road to the Aleppo international airport.
Damascus province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+damascus+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1518e6dc413cc6a7:0x69e5b88ad5b0817b,Damascus+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=_s_LUPTwHqWw0AHTtYDQAg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA
Soldiers loyal to Bashar al-Assad killed 7 and wounded 10 at the checkpoint at 30th street in south Damascus between the Yarmouk camp and Hajar al-Aswad. A sniper killed Ghassan Shihabi, activist, director of al-Shajara Association for Palestinian Memory, publisher of many village books, founder of a cultural club and a library (that was shut down by the Syrian regime) in 2009. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=329263760522091&set=a.267629800018821.58374.265706396877828&type=1&theater
Syrian government troops captured much of Daraya today. They had been battling for weeks to take this area. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2013/Jan-12/201987-damascus-hit-by-clashes-after-key-rebel-gain-activists.ashx#axzz2HncF3SB8 In the clashes in Daraya, 2 opposition fighters were killed and 4 regular troops were killed in an IED explosion of an armed vehicle in Daraya.
Unidentified armed men have killed Syrian track athlete Hisham Al Raqsha while he was travelling in his car in Hosha Blas area of Damascus countryside. He came second in the 2010 West Asian games and was currently working as a trainer for the trekking team.
The Syrian military bombarded Beit Sahem, Daraya, Douma, and Jdaidat Artouz and Mleiha. In Mleiha 2 children, 1 civilian adult and 2 opposition fighters were killed in the shelling and in clashes. Clashes also took place west of Mu`adamiyya. Clashes took place near al-Yarmouk and the regime forces shelled the southern neighborhoods of Damascus today and the eastern Ghouta. The bodies of 6 unidentified persons were discovered today in Mu`adamaiyya and a child was killed when a rocket fell on his home in Mu`adamiyya.
A large car-bomb shook the Abu Aref area of Sabina. Syrian military shelling of Hteitat al-Harash killed 3 men. An opposition fighter was killed in Irbeen, where the Syrian military was shelling today.
Dara`a province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+daraa+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15195fa1016e8de7:0xff6b41761235d49c,Daraa+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=u9DLUPDfIcXq0gGRwIHADQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA
Clashes took place in Busr al-Harir killing 4 opposition fighters. An IED explosion killed 1 civilian when it went off near his house in Edwan. The Syrian military shelled Busr al-Harir, Seida and Um al-Mayatheen today.
Several mortar shells fell on the towns of Da’el, Oum al-Mayathin and al-Tiba in the countryside of Dara`a province.
Deir az-Zur province:
The Syrian air force continued its bombarding of the city of Deir az-Zur. Heavy clashes took place in the Huweiqa neighborhood. Shellling on al-Arfi killed one man. And another man was killed in the regime shelling of Huweiqa.
Hama province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=hama+governorate&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15248293d5052f19:0x6e6de1581c39ed96,Hama+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=CdPLUKKbIqyF0QHB94HQAw&sqi=2&ved=0CIEBELYD
Clashes occurred on the southern side of Taybat al-Imam which together with regime shelling killed 2 men and a third died of his wounds in a previous shelling. Gunmen in the village of Oum Hartin killed 4 children and a woman. A man from al-Arb’in in Hama was tortured to death by regime forces. One opposition fighter was killed in the countryside of Hama.
Yesterday, an opposition fighter shot a young man from Ras al-`Ain in the al-Mahata neighborhood after a verbal exchange.
Homs province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=homs+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15230eeab10528a7:0x65655b88027a8699,Homs+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=BFPRUM6RBaTI0AHw1ICoCQ&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA
he Kaldiya neighbourhood was bombarded by regime forces, THe al-Rastan city of Reef Homs was aerially bombarded by regular forces, several were killed and injured. Fighter helicopters hovered over the Homs city.
Idlib province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=idlib+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152500e6cc6ed27b:0xe59a7e2f651fc24c,Idlib+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=51PRUIiREsaB0AHN_YD4BQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA
Opposition fighters finally seized the Taftanaz military airport yesterday. In clashes there yesterday, 4 opposition fighters were killed.
The Syrian regime forces shelled the town of Khan Sheikhoun
Yesterday, regime forces shelling of Kafrouma killed a woman.
Raqqa province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+ar-raqqah+province,+Syria&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x153719cee4c60ce7:0x9d4657e00e899ab6,Ar-Raqqah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=PJ_bUKrTBObF0AGMuYHwBw&sqi=2&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA
A rocket fell on the al-Areed road in al-Tabqah wounding several people and killing 4 civilians.
Fifty countries call for the UN to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court
Qatar renews a call for an Arab force in Syria if special envoy Lakhdar Brahimi’s efforts at peace-making fail. http://thepeninsulaqatar.com/qatar/221631-qatar-renews-call-for-arab-force-in-syria.html
The U.N.-Arab League Special Envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi expressed the urgent need to end the Syrian conflict on Friday in Geneva following five hours of meetings with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Mikhail Bogdanov and US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns.
Should the Syrian National Coalition take over Syria’s seats at the United Nations and the Arab League? http://www.rappler.com/world/19572-opposition-eyes-syria-seat-at-un,-arab-league
The Syrian-Iranian Alliance
History and background of Syria’s alliance with Iran.
“Iran Primer” By Jubin Goodarzi for USIP. http://iranprimer.usip.org/resource/iran-and-syria
Revolutionary Guards were in Syria
Why Iran supports Syria?
More support for Syria.
On January 9, 2013, forty-eight Iranians were freed by the Syrian opposition in exchange for 2,130 civilian prisoners held by the Syrian government (which included the Brides of Syria [also known as the “free brides”]) who arrived in central Damascus on Wednesday. The Turkish aid group, the Humanitarian Relief Foundation said it had been a leader in the negotiations.
Iran cozies up to al-Azhar in Cairo, but Egypt and Iran remain divided on Syria.
Another aspect of Iran and Syria’s relationship is Iran’s support of Hizbullah. Syria has also supported Hizbullah, hosts an office.
Iran will adapt if Syria is lost.
“Iran’s Syrian End-game”