Syria Update, Feb. 2, 2013 (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

3 Feb

Syria Update, Feb. 2, 2013. (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

Today’s deathtoll: More than 130 including 70 civilians.

Syrian leaders of the future, today’s opposition commanders. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/02/world/middleeast/the-saturday-profile-hajji-marea-a-rebel-commander-in-syria-holds-reins-of-war.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0&smid=fb-share

Yesterday, the numerous Friday demonstrations used the slogan “The International Community is Assad’s Partner in the Massacres” or here, in Homs, “The United Nations and Assad are Partners in the Crimes Committed in Syria”

and in Kafr Zeita http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0NAD5jT6Ik&feature=player_embedded

Refugees and Relief:

The problems with using Syrian government approved agencies to distribute aid are: the past violations (not discussed here), the government’s track record, for ex. providing heat only to its supporters (not discussed here) and SARC’s limited access in certain areas. This author claims that this is not a ‘deal with the devil’ but it may be. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2013/02/01/UN_deal_with_the_devil_Assad_Syria_aid?page=0%2C0#.UQ1h_PuWaks.facebook

More than 240,000 Syrian refugees are in Lebanon, many without adequate housing.

Opposition: Moaz al-Khatib reiterated his readiness to speak to Assad. He had first announced this on Wednesday. https://now.mmedia.me/lb/en/nowsyrialatestnews/syria_opposition_chief_reiterates_ready_to_talk_with_regime

Aleppo province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+aleppo+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152ff85ac00b17c9:0xf68ea3d8dc74b61b,Aleppo+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=R9DLUKfTFoWO0QHBuIHABA&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Opposition fighters seized the area of Shaykh Said in Aleppo, an important conquest as it links the Nayrab airport with the city. They executed the mukhtar of the Sheikh Sa’id neighbourhood of Aleppo after they took over the neighborhood.

rebel battalion interrogating 4 young men and a woman in the Bab al-Nirab neighbourhood of Aleppo city, rebel fighters accuse them of coordinating with security services and the Ba’th party as well as killing a rebel fighter (based on the footage). The battalion said that after 2 days of interrogation with them, the Sharia court sentenced the 4 men to death. Rebel fighters summarily execute the 4 men at the end of the footage. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIUviayAVpw&feature=youtu.be

Damascus province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+damascus+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1518e6dc413cc6a7:0x69e5b88ad5b0817b,Damascus+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=_s_LUPTwHqWw0AHTtYDQAg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

An IED went off, hiting a car in the Ibn A’skar area of al-Shaghour neighborhood in Damascus, injuring 1 man.. Clashes took place between rebel fighters and regular forces in the al-Qadam and the regime forces bombarded this areahe opposition destroyed a tank near the airport today. There was a huge explosion near the al-Mazzeh military airport today.

9 civilians, including 6 children and a woman, were killed by aerial bombardment on the al-Bayad neighborhood of Shab’a town in Damascus province. The Syrian regime forces shelled the towns of Mu’adamiyat al-Sham, Harasta, Hran al-A’wamid, and Daraya. The Syrian air force carried out air raids on the towns and villages of A’dra, al-Midani, and al-Sghiriya . Clashes resulted in the deaths of 4 opposition fighters in A’rbin and Daraya. An unidentified corpse was found in the Daraya city.

Dara`a province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+daraa+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15195fa1016e8de7:0xff6b41761235d49c,Daraa+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=u9DLUPDfIcXq0gGRwIHADQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Regime forces tortured to death a1man from al-Ghariya al-Gharbiya. The Syrian military bombarded the Lijah area killing 3 men. In clashes with the Syrian regular troops, one opposition fighter was killed in Busr al-Harir.

Deir az-Zur province:

https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Dayr+Az+Zor+province+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1548153314d3dbad:0x9d5a68804221c27f,Deir+ez-Zor+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=WtLLUJL5NanI0QGozIH4Bw&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

Demonstrations in Deir az-Zur were held with the slogan “The International community is Assad’s partner in the massacres”

Ahmad Hassan Marwah of the FSA, was killed in a battle to take the technical services building in Al Hawiqeh
http://youtu.be/bncf_kJv6Zg

Issa Al Mejwel (aged 18) from Al Mu’tassim battalion, killed in a battle in the foothills of (Al Jabal) Deir az-Zur.

Asaad Abdul Majid, of the FSA originally from al-Quriyeh in Deir az-Zur died Turkey of injuries sustained in clashes

Ahmad Najeh al -Aitan al-Abdullah (aged 16) from Buleil was injured during the battle for the liberation of the Political Security building, but died in Turkey on 1/2/13

Today was the 233rd consecutive day of Assad’s forces onslaught on the city of Deir az-Zur and saw severe shelling Regime aircraft carried out raids on al-Hawiqeh, al-Urthi; there were clashes in several areas, and the FSA recaptured the Technical Services building in al-Hawiqeh.

Hama province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=hama+governorate&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15248293d5052f19:0x6e6de1581c39ed96,Hama+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=CdPLUKKbIqyF0QHB94HQAw&sqi=2&ved=0CIEBELYD

1 rebel was killed by clashes in Reef Hama. A man and a woman were killed by the regime bombardment of the town of Latamna. Military airplanes carried out several air raids on the Kafrzeita town in Reef Hama, reports of injuries. Violent clashes took place between rebel and regular forces on the outskirts of the Karnaz town with no reports of human losses.

Syrian opposition in various parts of the country posted memories and notices about the Hama massacre of 1982 whose anniversary is today. For ex. the Homs Network posted:

1982 #Hama:
_Assad’s tanks and cannons destroyed the Old District in Hama, after that they built Om Al Hasan garden over the rubble and blood of the Old City.
_ Hama in 1982 was like a volcano, just billowing smoke and explosions’ sounds.
_ In Hama in 1982 many people couldn’t pull the bodies from the road for four days, many bodies decomposed.

Hassake province
https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=AlHasakah+Governorate,+Syria,+google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x400976912dee2dfb:0x1735b67e4a2454b0,Al-Hasakah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=UMLTUOKtN4ra0QG9-oHYBg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

2 Syrian Kurdish civilians were killed by a landline planted by the Turkish authorities on the border, the civilians were trying to cross the border from the city of Derbasiya, in order to obtain foods. 1 civilian member of a Kurdish opposition party died of wounds sustained in a clash with the opposition in Ra’s al-`Ain.

Homs province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=homs+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15230eeab10528a7:0x65655b88027a8699,Homs+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=BFPRUM6RBaTI0AHw1ICoCQ&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

Clashes between the regime and opposition forces resulted in the death of one opposition fighter in Amriya. When the opposition stormed Amriya, they killed 10 civilians, who were accused of being pro-regime. 2 civilians, one of these a child, were killed by the regime bombardment on Rastan.

Idlib province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=idlib+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152500e6cc6ed27b:0xe59a7e2f651fc24c,Idlib+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=51PRUIiREsaB0AHN_YD4BQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Snipers or deaths from prior wounds killed 3 civilians in Ariha. A child aged 13 from Saraqeb, died of injuries sustained when arms belonging to al-Nusra fighters exploded in a truck.

Raqqa province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+ar-raqqah+province,+Syria&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x153719cee4c60ce7:0x9d4657e00e899ab6,Ar-Raqqah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=PJ_bUKrTBObF0AGMuYHwBw&sqi=2&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

In Raqqa, a civil disobedience group has had a campaign to clean up the city. https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.328814857228599.70358.220124418097644&type=1
.

International:

Saeed Jalili, head of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council visited Damascus on Saturday and pledged Iran’s support for Syria in the face of “arrogant” conspiracies. He alluded to Israel’s attack on Syria.
Leaders and defense ministers from NATO countries attended a security conference in Munich, including Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and U.S. Vice President Joe Biden who apparently criticized Russia for supporting Syria, when the two met on the sidelines of the conference. Mouazz al-Khatib and Lakhdar al-Brahimi also attended. Biden said in his speech that the U.S. is ready for talks with Iran. http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/02/02/170939287/direct-talks-with-iran-biden-says-its-possible
The Syrian opposition spoke to representatives from Russia and Iran.http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/world/article/syrian-opposition-talks-with-russia-and-iran/

Syria and Russia

Q. Why does Russia support the regime of Bashar al-Assad?

A.

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/e64a3076-c9b2-11e1-a5e2-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2DB25kMfp

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/02/09/opinion/russia-syria-relations/index.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jul/05/syria-crisis-russia-western-meddling

http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/why-russia-wont-abandon-syria-7140

Tartus:

http://thediplomat.com/flashpoints-blog/2012/08/21/russias-syrian-naval-base/

citizens:

http://www.outsidethebeltway.com/another-reason-for-russias-interest-in-syria/

Q. Did communism flourish in Syria?

A. No.

http://www.questia.com/library/65212800/the-communist-movement-in-syria-and-lebanon

*personal witnessing of alleged communists arrested by the H. al-Assad regime.

Q. Has the Syrian Communist Party supported the revolution?

A. No. (However, some former communists are part of the revolution)

http://mrzine.monthlyreview.org/2011/syria180411.html

http://www.marxist.com/in-defence-of-the-syrian-revolution-the-marxist-perspective.htm

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