Syria Update, March 1, 2013 (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

2 Mar

Syria Update, Mar.1 2013. (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

Early death toll: 70 reported killed including 21 unarmed civilians.

Yesterday’s death toll (2/28/13): 140 killed including 57 unarmed civilians.

Moaz al-Khatib claims the Syrian opposition is committed to peace and to protecting minorities in Syria. http://levantdream.blogspot.com/2013/02/translation-moaz-al-khatibs-press.html

General Salim Idriss, the chief of staff of the Syrian opposition’s supreme military council, told the Associated Press that the opposition needs weapons. Food rations and medical supplies will not help them win against Assad’s forces who have superior air power.

Syrians meet challenges in trying to find basic resources – food and electricity. Civilians play a role as well as the fighting groups. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/01/world/middleeast/syrian-civilians-take-reins-in-test-of-self-government.html?smid=fb-share&_r=1&

Refugees and Relief:
The number of refugees fleeing Syria increased by more than 13,000 people in a single day, which means that one million Syrians will have fled their country by next week.
The total number of registered refugees and individuals awaiting registration was 953,310 as of 27 February, according to the UN’s figures.

ALERT Need help from ANYONE who can help obtain medicine to treat scabies. There is an outbreak in the refugee camps in Amman (outside of Zaatari). Needed Ivermectin (by Merck). We understand the Carter Foundation buys from Merck. Can anyone connect us to the Carter foundation and get this medicine a.s.a.p.? The NAAMA medical mission can bring it to Jordan March 22nd on its trip. Please help if you can.

Aleppo province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+aleppo+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152ff85ac00b17c9:0xf68ea3d8dc74b61b,Aleppo+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=R9DLUKfTFoWO0QHBuIHABA&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The Syrian military bombarded Masaken Hanano in Aleppo, killing 2 civilians, including 2 women and 4 children. The regime forces also bombarded the Haydariyya neighborhood. Clashes continued near the police academy and near the Nayrab military aiport.

9 civilians killed in regime attack on Anadan. Assad’s forces captured key parts of Tel Shghaib which will allow them to bring supplies into Aleppo province from Hama province again. The opposition still holds much of the city and the rural areas around it, but they cannot prevail and are outgunned and unable to overcome the regime’s air force.
Warplanes bombed the city of al-Bab today. It has been confirmed that many civilians were killed when regime forces stormed the village of al-Malkiyya and other villages surrounding the city of al-Sfeira. Differing reports claim 50, or 70, or even 100 civilians were killed in al-Malkiya alone, but due to the regime forces present, the opposition has not been able to interview survivors and so it calls for the International Committee for the Red Cross to investigate.

Damascus province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+damascus+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1518e6dc413cc6a7:0x69e5b88ad5b0817b,Damascus+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=_s_LUPTwHqWw0AHTtYDQAg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

This video shows a bus burning after the shelling of al-Qaboun yesterday http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRqrUueQyXA&feature=youtu.be
Several shells were fired on the Sayyida Zeinab area.

The Syrian regime fired mortar shells on the neighborhood of al-Hajar al-Aswad. Regime forces carried out several air raids on areas in al-Ghuta al-Sharqiyya from the side closest to Zamalka. Regime forces bombarded the city of Daraya and the Ma’damiyat al-Sham.
Clashes also took place in Daraya between opposition fighters and regime forces which have been attempting for months to take over this city. Regime forces bombarded the town of Thayabiya at midnight Thursday into early Friday.

Dara`a province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+daraa+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15195fa1016e8de7:0xff6b41761235d49c,Daraa+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=u9DLUPDfIcXq0gGRwIHADQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Regime forces based near the Thala military airport shelled the town of al-Karak al-Sharqi.

Deir az-Zur province:

https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Dayr+Az+Zor+province+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1548153314d3dbad:0x9d5a68804221c27f,Deir+ez-Zor+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=WtLLUJL5NanI0QGozIH4Bw&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

The Free Syrian Army announced on Friday that it took hold of a Scud missile equipped with chemical warheads in Deir al-Zour which had belonged to the Assas government. https://now.mmedia.me/lb/en/nowsyrialatestnews/fsa-claims-seizing-regime-scud-missile

A man who had disappeared for 6 days, was found dead near his house in the city of Deir az-Zur today. An opposition fighter was killed in clashes in the city of Deir az-Zur and an opposition fighter died of wounds received in clashes in the al-Hweiqa neighborhood of Deir az-Zur. 2 opposition fighters were killed in clashes with regular forces and shelling near the 113th division in the countryside of Deir Izzor.

Hama province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=hama+governorate&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15248293d5052f19:0x6e6de1581c39ed96,Hama+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=CdPLUKKbIqyF0QHB94HQAw&sqi=2&ved=0CIEBELYD

The regime forces bombarded the village of Jnan. Clashes occurred today between opposition fighters and regime forces in many of the villages and towns of southern countryside of Hama province.

Hassake province
https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=AlHasakah+Governorate,+Syria,+google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x400976912dee2dfb:0x1735b67e4a2454b0,Al-Hasakah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=UMLTUOKtN4ra0QG9-oHYBg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Kurdish Defense fighters have taken over the city of Qahtaniya from the Assad govt. and then handed over authority of the city to a city council. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=343130352461976&set=a.150495128392167.28686.121855461256134&type=1&theater

Regime forces recaptured the al-Ya’rubiya border crossing with Iraq, which had been captured yesterday by opposition fighters from the al-Nusra Front and Ahrar al-Sham. Regime forces also recoccupied more than half of the Ya’rubiya city, which is by the crossing. Sporadic gunfire can be heard in the city.

Clashes occurred in the city of Rmeilan between regime forces and the fighters of the Kurdish People Protection committee which took most the city and besieged the remaining regime forces inside the security centers.

Homs province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=homs+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15230eeab10528a7:0x65655b88027a8699,Homs+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=BFPRUM6RBaTI0AHw1ICoCQ&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

A woman was killed today in the regime shelling of Rastan.

Today was declared the Friday of “One Ummah, One Flag, One War” on the 265th day of the siege of Homs. The Syrian military bombarded 16 areas (and killed 3 persons): al- Houleh, Bab Draib
Bab Tudmur, al-Hamidayya, al-Souk al-Masqouf, Bani Sibai’
Bustan Al Deewan, al-Warsheh, al-Safsafeh, Bab Turkman, Bab Al Masdood, Souq al-Naoura, Bab Hood, Talbiseh, Jouseyeh and Palmyra.

The regime forces were stationed at barriers around al-Houleh and shelled the city heavily, more than 32 shelles fell. The regime forces near the ancient castle of Homs bombarded the old districts of the city. Protests were held by civilians and the FSA today:







In Palmyra, a rocket launcher stationed on the radio station tower launched rockets out to the orchards of the city.

Sa’deen Saeed Al Shahoud, from Reyad Al Salehin brigade was tortured to death by the regime forces today in Maheen after being arrested on Maheen road. The Syrian military forces resumed their bombardment of Talbiseh, particularly of al-Mushajar al-Janubi.

Civilians in Talbiseh protested and called for support to the FSA:




Civilians held protests in the old and New al-Waer districts calling for the toppling of the Assad regime in Freedom Square, at the al-Omari mosque and al-Ferdous street and at the Rawdah mosque.


Idlib province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=idlib+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152500e6cc6ed27b:0xe59a7e2f651fc24c,Idlib+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=51PRUIiREsaB0AHN_YD4BQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Reigme bombardment of Sarmin killed a woman today. In clashes with regime forces, an opposition fighter from Ourm al-Joz was killed near the al-Qarmid military checkpoint.

International:

The U.S. and 11 other nations agreed yesterday to change the balance of power on the ground in Syria. But is this resolve too little and too late? http://www.theworld.org/2013/02/washington-syria-rebels/

U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry held talks with Turkish Foreign Minister Davatoglu on Syria in Turkey. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-21626428

Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama discussed Syria and other issues by telephone today after Obama called Putin.
A Syrian Russian-made SCUD missile landed in Iraq in Yoush Tapa, in Ninevah province, terrifying the residents. Yoush Tapa is 3 kilometers from the Iraqi-Syrian border between Telafar and Baaj,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/middle-east-live/2013/mar/01/syria-crisis-kerry-visits-turkey-live

Croatia will be withdrawing about 100 peacekeeping troops from the Syria-Israel border due to reports that Syrian opposition fighters have been armed with Croatian weapons, according to Croatia’s president. The Croatian government is concerned that its troops will be targeted by Syrian regime soldiers. As well, President Ivo Josipovic said the security situation in the Golan Heights has deteriorated and thus Croation soldiers are not safe. http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/croatia-pull-troops-golan-18626237
Basic Facts about Syria:

Population: 22,530,746
 Ethnicities: Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7% Religious Groups: Sunni Muslim (74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Isma`iliyya, Druze) 16%, Christian 10%, Jewish (very small numbers).

GDP Growth Rate: -2% (2011) GDP: $64.7 billion 
 GDP Growth Rate: -2% (2011)
Unemployment: 8.3% Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 19.1% (female unemployment in that age category is 49.1%


Internet Users: 4.469 million (2009)
Exchange Rate: 46.456 Syrian pounds per US dollar

Military Expenditures: 5.9% of GDP (2005)

Population Growth Rate: -0797.% (since the conflict) 


Population Age Structure: 0-14 years: 35.2%; 15-64 years: 61%; 65 years and over: 3.8%

Literacy: male 86% female 73.6%
 

Urban Population: 56% of total (2010)

Syrian Arab Army (prior to the conflict) 220,000 regular and 280,000 reserves. Of the 200,000 career soldiers, 140,000 are Alawi.

Syria’s Golan Heights is occupied by Israel and 1,000 members of a U.N. Disengagement Observer Force patrol a buffer zone.

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