Syria Update, March 10, 2013 (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

10 Mar

Syria Update, March 10, 2013. (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur)

Today’s early death toll: At least 68 killed.

Saturday’s death toll: More than 180 killed, including 69 civilians.
Tuesday death toll:

Syria’s opposition has again postponed a meeting to elect a provisional prime minister. The front-runner is Osama al-Qadi, an economist.

The Islamic factions in control of large parts of eastern Syria have created a Shari’a Committee for the Eastern Region. The Committee will administrate its areas, establish a police force, courts, fatwa offices, humanitarian aid, and says it will guide people on the straight path.

It was reported that chemical weapons were used 2 months ago in Homs by Assad’s forces. The US State Department at first circulated and later denied such a report. But there appears to be strong medical evidence that a nerve gas, Agent XV was used. (Although this is the Daily Mail, I understand that tissue samples were taken and analyzed; it’s a pity that only the sensationalist media is carrying this story if it is correct)

Refugees and Relief:

Economic desperation has forced some refugee women into prostitution. Others have been married off to men who are forcing them to work as prostitutes.

Obstacles to and lack of health care inside Syria,0,5787942.story

UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres said that if the conflict in Syria continues, the number of Syria refugees could double or triple from the current one million registered refugees.

Aleppo province:,Aleppo+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=R9DLUKfTFoWO0QHBuIHABA&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The Syrian regime forces bombarded Bani Zeid, Ein al-Tal, Karm al-Trab Ashrafiya, and Layramoun in Aleppo and clashes took place there as well. The neighborhoods of Jazmati and Masaken Hanano were bombarded and 3 people were killed in shelling of al-Sakhour. Violent clashes occurred near the Aleppo international airport and bthe Neyrab military airport where the opposition was bombarding both airports.

The Syrian military shelled al-Bab killing 4 civilians. 2 of the 21 bodies of unidentified men found in the Quweiq river, in the Bustan al-Qasr neighbourhood of Aleppo, were identified. They were civilians who had disappeared several days ago.

Anti-FSA websites carried a video showing alleged FSA activists (they aren’t in the video) beating and kicking the Yellow Man of Aleppo, a local character who wears yellow clothing. He appears to be a harmless eccentric, but they call him a pimp.

Damascus province:,Damascus+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=_s_LUPTwHqWw0AHTtYDQAg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Women’s and children’s clothing and human remains were unearthed today at al-Maliha near a regime base.
14 civilians from one family were found dead near al-Maliha and had been killed by regime forces.

Rocket shelling killed 3 children in pro-regime suburbs. Regime forces carried out raids and searches in al-Zahra al-Jadida. Several mortar shells fell on the Qaboun neighbourhood and the Yarmouk camp causing injuries. Aerial bombardment of parts of Khal al-Shih took places and there were clashes near the air defense division. Also, Jobar was bombarded.

The Syrian regime bombarded the towns and cities of Bhadliya, Douma, Zamalka, Mu’adamiya, Thiyabiya, and the Huseiniya camp using multiple rocket launchers and 4 civilians were killed in the shelling on Mu’adamiyya. The shelling of the town of al-Ateiba resumed and killed several civilians. Clashes took place in the eastern Ghouta and near several military checkpoints around the city of Harasta and the regime forces shelled Harasta.

Dara`a province:,Daraa+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=u9DLUPDfIcXq0gGRwIHADQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The Syrian military bombarded the towns of al-Ghariyya al-Sharqiyya, al-Jamla, Kaheel, al-Katiba, Um al-Mayatheen, al-Shajara, al- Tseel, al-Na’ima, and Khirbet Ghazala. Clashes took place near the towns of Busr al-Harir and al-Na’ima.

Regime forces encircled the town of al-Sheikh Miskeen and closed the roads to the town

Deir az-Zur province:,Deir+ez-Zor+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=WtLLUJL5NanI0QGozIH4Bw&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

Syrian regime forces tortured to death 1 opposition fighter after capturing him in an ambush the 113th battalion. The airforce bombarded the city of al-Mayadeen.

Yesterday, a civilian, Muhammad No’man Al-Kubaisi; was killed near his store in Hamidiya in shelling of the neighborhood.; and Fouad Al-Eshari was killed in the shelling of al-Matar al-Qadim neighborhood.

The regime forces committed a massacre at Jazrat Al-Bou Hamaid yesterday which killed: Bassel Dawood Sulaiman, Ammar Hassan Al-Awwa, Ammouneh Jasem Al-Muhammad, Amsha Jasem Al-Muhammad, Ghazya Ma’youf Saied Faraj, Abd Al-Aber, a member of the al-Askar family; two unknown person from M’adaan; a person from al-Haws, and a person from the village of Abu Khashab.

Hama province:,Hama+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=CdPLUKKbIqyF0QHB94HQAw&sqi=2&ved=0CIEBELYD

The Syrian regime forces bombarded the town of Karnaz, killing 3 people and clashes took place there earlier when the opposition fighters attacked regime checkpoints. Regime forces bombarded the town of Qastoun. In clashes at al-Magheer, 8 regular soldiers were killed and the opposition took over checkpoints.

Hassake province,+Syria,+google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x400976912dee2dfb:0x1735b67e4a2454b0,Al-Hasakah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=UMLTUOKtN4ra0QG9-oHYBg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The Syrian regime forces bombarded the town of Tel Hamees.

Homs province:,Homs+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=BFPRUM6RBaTI0AHw1ICoCQ&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

At dawn, opposition troops staged a surprise assault on Baba Amr, in Homs, the site of a previous terrible massacre by Assad’s troops.

In response to the rebel assault, Assad’s airforce bombs Baba Am.

Idlib province:,Idlib+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=51PRUIiREsaB0AHN_YD4BQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The village of Ferkeya was hit with several rockets. Regime forces bombarded the towns of Deir Sharqi, Khan Shaikhoun, Has, Babluween, Heish, and Deir Gharbi.

Heavy clashes took place at a regime checkpoint near the town of Sehyan, and opposition fighters took over the checkpoint. Syrian regime forces detained a 14-year-old child who they tortured to death.

Latakia province:,Latakia+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=ghv_UOaOOMGW0QH88YDYDw&ved=0CC0Q8gEwAA

Yesterday 1 man was killed, and several others injured, when regime forces fired from a military checkpoint in the Skentouri neighborhood of the city of Latakia.

Quneitra province:,Quneitra+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=Ch77ULCILuyP0QG67YDoDQ&ved=0CC0Q8gEwAA

Clashes took place near the entrance to the village of al-Ajraf after rebels ambushed 2 military vehicles, and there were reports of casualties.

Raqqa province:,+Syria&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x153719cee4c60ce7:0x9d4657e00e899ab6,Ar-Raqqah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=PJ_bUKrTBObF0AGMuYHwBw&sqi=2&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

The Syrian government air force has bombed the northwestern city of Raqqa, killing a minimum of seven people in an airstrike and destroying buildings. It has been attacking Raqqa ever since opposition fighters seized much of the city from government troops earlier this week.
Opposition fighters shot down a regime war plane near Raqqah.
This video shows the aftermath of bombing of al-Rmeila neighborhood in Raqqa yesterday.


The Philippine government welcomed the release of its 21 UN peacekeepers who were freed by Syrian opposition fighters after being abducted on Wednesday. They crossed to Jordan today.
“The Philippine government and its people express deep appreciation to the Jordanian government and military officials on the successful safe passing over to the Jordanian side of all our 21 Filipino peacekeepers,” read the statement. (AJE)

In Lebanon, Hani Qubbaisi defended Lebanon’s Foreign Minister, Adnan Mansour for his remarks on Wednesday to the Arab League calling for the reinstatement of Syria. (Syria has been suspended since November, 2011) March 14 coalition said Mansour represents Assad’s government rather than Lebanon.
On Friday, Razan Ghazzawi, human rights blogger and now out of Syria, spoke about her experiences.
Among Syria’s Creative Figures:

Muhammad al-Maghut, poet, noted for his free verse (1934 -2006) born in Salamiyya to an Isma’ili family.

Nizar al-Qabbani, 1923-1998, born in Damascus. His sister, ten years his senior, committed suicide rather than marry a man she did not love and the theme of women’s oppression entered his work as a poet, whose work sharply criticized Arab society and politics of his time. He was also a diplomat and a publisher.

Zakariyya Tamir, born in 1931 in Damascus, famed for short stories, for adults and children. He supports the Syrian revolution and hopes that Syria will be liberated from “tyranny and horror.”

Ali Farzat, born in 1951 in Hama, a cartoonist. He was attacked by thugs who broke his hands. He is on Facebook and his cartoons of “Highlander” comment on Syria.

Duraid Lahham born in 1934 in Damascus. A comedian and director known for his character, “Ghawwar al-Toushe.” He was a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in 1999 and is considered to be a supporter of Bashar al-Assad and not of the opposition.

Farid al-Atrash, 1910 – 1974 was born in Suwayda to a Druze family associated with the independence struggle against the French. He became a composer, master oudist, singer and film star in Egypt, starring in 31 movies and recording more than 500 songs.

Asmahan. (Amal al-Atrash) 1912 (or 1915) – 1944 was born at sea as her family traveled from Turkey to Beirut. Sister of Farid al-Atrash, she became a renowned singer of Arabic compositions and an actress in Egypt and challenged conservative attitudes about women with her artistic life-style. Her musical talent was considered to rival that of Umm Kulthum and she sang the compositions of al-Qasabji, Riyadh al-Sunbati, her brother, Farid al-Atrash and others.

Sadeq Jalal al-Azm, philosopher and scholar was born in Damascus in 1934 and earned a Ph.D. in 1961 from Yale. His 1969 book, Naqd al-Fikr al-Dini in which he criticized the misuse of religion and caused his imprisonment in Lebanon. He wrote at least six books and many articles since, including a critique of ‘Orientalism.’

Shadi Jamil, great Syrian singer of the Allepine qudud, born in 1955 in Aleppo.

Hamam Khairi, another singer of the Allepine qudud and muwashshahat, a student of Sabah Fakhri and Shaykh Omar al-Batsh.

Assala Nasri, born in 1969 in Damascus as the daughter of a Syrian composer, Mostafa Nasri. She has produced 23 albums and many singles including “Ah, law ha-l kursi bye7ki” and has a dramatic and powerful singing style. She supports the Syrian revolution.

Sabah Fakhri, born in 1933 in Aleppo is perhaps the greatest traditional-style singer of the Eastern Arab world, of muwashahhat and qudud Halabiyya. He did not follow the typical musical path of pursuing a singing career in Egypt, preferring to remain in Syria.

Mayada al-Hinnawi, born in 1957 in Aleppo. A great singer whose popularity peaked in the 1980s. She sang the compositions of Baligh Hamdi, Riyadg Sunbati, Mohammad Sultan, Hilmy Baker and others.

Adonis (Ali Ahmad Said), a poet, born in 1930 in al-Qassabin, Latakia to a farming family. After being imprisoned for a year, he left Syria in 1956 for Beirut. He has published many collections of poetry in which he experimented with various modernist forms and received numerous awards for his poetry. He lives in Paris.

Yasin al-Hajj Saleh, born in 1961, an author jailed when he was in his 20’s in 1980 until 1996. He began writing in prison in 1988. He published With Salvation O’Youth: 16 Years in Syrian Prison (al-Saqi, 2012).’s-taming-syrian-prison’s-beast

Hanna Mina, novelist, born in 1924 in Iskenderun and raised in Latakia, he would later be an exile in China. He described his education as the “university of dark poverty.” He wrote 40 novels including the autobiographical, The Swamp.

Mohammad Malas, filmmaker, born in 1945 in Quneitra and studied cinema in Moscow. He won awards for his many films including Ahlam al-Madina, al-Layl and Bab al-Maqam.

Selwa al-Neimi, poet and author, was born in Damascus and left for Paris in the mid-70s. She has published three volumes of poetry, a collection of short stories and is best known for her erotic novel, The Proof of Honey.

Nihad Sirees, novelist, author of The Silence and the Roar.

Saadallah Wannous, 1941 – 1997, a playwright, born in Hussein al-Bahr near Tartus. His writing career began in the early 1960s. He introduced a “theater of politicization,” helped to found the Arab Festival for Theater Arts and the Higher Institute for Theater Arts (where he taught).

Nabil Maleh, born in Damascus, film director since his first release “The Leopard” 1972, now living in the Gulf.

Issa Touma is a photographer, curator and director of Le Pont Organization, who supports the revolution.–Culture/Visual-Art/Art-sees-light-within-the-Syrian-Revolution.aspx

George Wassouf, born in Kafroun, Tartus in 1961, is a popular singer of Arabic music with more than 30 albums released. He has supported Bashar al-Assad and has been criticized for praising the Syrian army.

Samir Zikra, filmmaker, born in Beirut in 1945 and raised in Aleppo. His films include al-Sakran Yanfi (based on a Naguib Mahfouz novel) al-Matar Saba`in, Lan Nansa, al-Shuhud, `Anha, Hadithat al-Nusf Metr, Waqa`ih al-`Amm al-Muqbel. He coauthored a script for Baqaya Suwar (based on a Hanna Mina novel), coauthored the script for Mohammad Malas’ Ahlam al-Madina, and directed Turab al-Ghuraba (about Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi) in 1998 and `Alaqat `Ammah in 2005.

Some of the Syrian visual artists whose works include protest:

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