Archive | August, 2015

Egypt: Security, Terrorism, Sinai Update for Aug. 1 – 17, 2015

17 Aug

Aug. 17 Wilayet Sinai, claim to have targeted an army APC near a ‘gas station’ south of Sheikh Zuweid (Joe Gulhane, no source given to me – if provided will list)

Aug 17 Police officer dies from injuries in last Monday’s bombing #Egypt and #AjnadMisr
claims responsibility http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138099.aspx

Aug 17 New anti-terrorism laws in #Egypt: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-33955894

Aug 17 Omar Ashour criticizes the Egyptian governments campaign in the Sinai and repression. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-33905477

Aug 16 A draft law to end penalties on journalists has been revealed. How this elides with the new penalties on contradicting government sources in the antiterrorism laws is unclear. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=941b70ff-f377-4d0f-ae8c-b7f296f452ce
Aug. 16 #Egypt’s Min. of Interior says it has broken up 3 #MuslimBrotherhood cells. http://linkis.com/www.kuna.net.kw/I6vaq

Aug. 16 The Egyptian military is continuing its operations near the Libyan border. https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/705497959581189

Aug 16 Online statement attributed to a group calling itself Tahrir Brigades, claims to be defected officers, claimed Barakat assassination

Aug. 16 North #Sinai court returns to #Sinai fllwing 3 mo. relocation due to terrorist
attacks. #Egypt http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/court-returns-sinai-after-relocation-prompted-judges-killings

Aug 16 Body of Palestinian man from Rafah found near the border this morning. http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=767069&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

Aug 15 #Rabaa protests had low turnout – some arrests; in contrast to online activism #Egypt http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/16/rabaa-al-adaweya-anniversary-protests-weak-on-the-street-strong-online/

Aug. 15 #Russia gives #Egypt a Molniya missile corvette http://www.mfs-theothernews.com/2015/08/russia-donates-egypt-molniya-missile.html?http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mfs-theothernews.com%2Ffeeds%2Fposts%2Fdefault=

Aug. 13 Egypt confiscates assets of the chairman of Juhayna for ties to the Muslim Brotherhood. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d0878294-cf7d-4f8c-8b97-14bd62e13dd9

Aug. 13/Aug 12 ISIS in Egypt (Wilayat Sinai) beheaded a Croatian captive , Tomislav Salopek http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/africa/article4525449.ece?CMP=Spklr-_-Editorial-_-TWITTER-_-thetimes-_-20150813-_-World-_-221489122&linkId=16251624
And http://www.wsj.com/articles/islamic-state-affiliate-claims-beheading-of-croatian-hostage-1439380416

Aug 12 A policeman was killed today in #Fayoum, south of Cairo, in #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=fc269383-bcb0-4f07-ad20-5b9220ac06bb

Aug 11 253 sentenced in abstentia to life in prison for committing violence in Beheira http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=19878b57-f813-49b2-ad6b-8b44b4d09be1

Aug 11 Badie referred to court in a new trial http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9189cc36-6e6f-41cd-8dfd-16e457f40fcf

Aug. 12 #Egypt Apache war helicopter strikes vehicle in Al-Kharroubah village, S. Sheikh Zwayyed, N.Sinai killing 3 Daesh-affiliate members aboard

Aug 12 Curfew hours reduced in al-#Arish #Sinai #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/137688.aspx

Aug 12 Alaa Selim (photojournalist) found dead in Abu Taweela village near Shaykh Zuwayd, circumstances unclear http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/12/photojournalist-found-dead-in-sheikh-zuweid/

Aug 11 New York Times Editorial (which has published numerous scathing critiques of Egypt’s government) wants the #MFO out of the #Sinai. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/opinion/time-to-reassess-sinai-peacekeeping-force.html?_r=0

Aug 10 Ten persons were recommended to receive death sentences, so their cases go to the Grand Mufti for his opinion http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=04eead09-da99-4563-aeac-cd1af623cbf3

Aug 10 IED blast injures 3 persons outside a court in Heliopolis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=559102ff-5a26-448c-bc20-76f8e27e0ffc

Aug 9 2 killed in clashes between security forces and group of armed men in #Suez #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=78b452d5-080f-49c8-b2ed-f09c9a13cfe2

Aug 9 Revolutionary Punishment group claims attack in El-Sinnuris near ‪#Fayoum‬‬ earlier today. ‪#‎Egypt‬‬ https://t.co/JaEzkR4VVg

Aug 9 World’s largest container ship, the Marstel Maersk crosses the new Suez Canal http://www.thecairopost.com/news/163394/business/worlds-largest-container-ship-marstal-maersk-crosses-new-suez-canal

Aug 9 Policeman killed in al-Arish after a different officer in the same position was killed. http://sinai24.com/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%AA%D9%84-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%AB-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%A3%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1-%D9%85/

Aug 9 A bomb targeted an armored vehicle in northern Sinai killing 2 security personnel, injuring 3 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d0f81e14-3181-4794-8ecb-a993c888e6dc

Aug 8 18 militants were killed over the last 2 days’ shelling of Shaykh Zuweid and Rafah – reportedly by Apaches http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=85e95039-84e4-45da-a93d-dc7ed6b1a62e

Aug 7 Fears mount for the fate of the Croation hostage seized in 22 of July – interesting detail, his driver was released. http://www.iphone.afp.com/afpv3/AFP_V3/News/JI/D4/newsmlmmd.urn.newsml.afp.com.20150806.doc.3v6i4.htm

Aug 6 Raid on a farm in Sanoris in Fayoum – five are killed. A report from Aug 9 including some controversial details http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/09/extra-judicial-execution-the-story-of-the-fayoum-five/

Aug 6
#Egypt N.#Sinai / Army Helicopter targets 35 #Hamas terrorists in a smuggling tunnel with #Gaza http://albawabhnews.com/1432179

Aug 6 The new Suez Canal (which took only one year instead of five to complete) was celebrated with an inaugural ceremony. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VS1GEtPOARY

Aug 5 ISIS affiliate (Wilayat Sinai) has threatened to kill a Croatian hostage in 48 hours. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/08/05/us-egypt-islamic-state-hostage-idUSKCN0QA20U20150805

Aug 4 Five civilians killed when their house was shelled during clashes in northern Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d6701104-3dfb-4d98-81c0-c28c86df8d13

Aug 4 Unidentified gunmen killed a policeman standing guard outside a police station in Sharqiyya http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=78fde49a-01a6-4fd0-9ae5-2384431c2176

Aug. 2 Army says it has killed 88 suspected militants in the Sinai between July 20 and July 31 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=45a7499f-d862-474d-b970-706b58ba3643

Aug 2 Car owned by Judge Moh. Abdullah Abbas (al-Khanka court) explodes from bomb. No injuries #Egypt http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2015/08/02/2061488

Aug 1. Egypt’s army says it has killed a leading figure in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=abd5b813-585b-472d-868a-256af7938c8d
http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/middle-east/80598-150802-egypt-kills-leading-is-militant-in-sinai

Interview with Sherifa Zuhur on Counterterrorism/COIN in Egypt and Beyond

5 Aug

I just was interviewed by journalist Yasser Khalil.  The interview will likely be available in Arabic and offered at Sahafy Online (https://sahafyonline.com)  for outlets interested in publishing it.   A little bit of this discussion is based on my current book draft on Egypt (there is a chapter on the Sinai campaign) .

Sherifa azZuhur Arabi

Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley

August 5, 2015

– What do you think about the Egypt’s strategy in fighting terrorism? Is it sufficient enough to end up the terrorism in the country?

 

Egypt is using a combination of counterterrorism (CT) and counterinsurgency (COIN) approaches.  It faces terrorism in the northern Sinai peninsula, but also in/near Suez and on Egypt’s mainland as well as acts of sabotage on electricity towers and assassinations of public figures such as the Chief Prosecutor, the late Hisham Barakat.    In the Sinai, Egypt’s military had to cease cooperating with the limitations prevailing under the Camp David Accords by which only civil police are to operate in zone C.  While these restrictions are lifted now, that insurgency has longstanding roots going back to 2003-2004.

 

Elsewhere the criminalization of terrorist groups and those engaging or calling for violence is an important aspect of the campaign.  So too, are efforts at antiterrorism (terrorism prevention) in which the roots of extremism are to be attacked by al-Azhar, and mainstream Muslim institutions, although there isn’t much agreement about the shape of such reforms.

 

Both CT and COIN rely on military eradication of terrorists which in turn relies on intelligence and police work.  In addition, both approaches also employ the ‘non-military’ tools of war; CT calls for developing antiterrorism programs and COIN requires bolstering of state power and appealing to local populations support the state’s objections.  These tools, or methods are informational, economic and political/diplomatic.

 

– Is this strategy different from the one USA uses?

These are two approaches, not one grand strategy and the US is currently, under Obama, downgrading CT and COIN efforts, but it has not successfully defined a strategy toward terrorism either in the wake of 9/11 nor today.

 

Egypt’s efforts reflect those of national militaries to contain terrorism in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and elsewhere, but there are some differences, for example, the above-mentioned problem of an insurgency in a hinterland where the military were initially constrained.  Also,  the Sinai extremists used the fall of president Morsi, who they also considered an apostate (and they condemned the Muslim Brotherhood for participating in Egypt’s political system) as a rallying cause and the combination of their violence and that of other groups, some allied to them on the mainland somewhat magnifies the impact of attempted violence.  Egypt’s tourism sector has been hurt by this violence along with the perception of volatility in the post-revolutionary environment, although there has been some recovery of late.  Also the jihadist movements are international, the Wilayat Sinai breakaway from the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis allied with the Islamic State (in Iraq and Syria, i.e. ISiS) because of the propaganda (or informational) value and it has links with groups in Libya — which are therefore another threat to Egypt. The presence of the MFO (Multinational Force of Observers) in the Sinai means that there could be a threat to that body.  The alienation of the bedouin in the Sinai from the central government is another special factor to consider; this is the result of land ownership policies as well as the counterterrorist response to violence in the Sinai from 2004 – 2011.

 

 

– Both countries couldn’t end up terrorism till now, in spite of the long war against it. Why?

 

Terrorism is not a phenomenon that will be soon ended, nor is it sui generis.  Egypt and the United States continue to face terrorism, so too, all humans are hurt by it since it was used by the Zealots and others in ancient history.  Terrorism is a tactic, and the perpetrators have political and religiopolitical aims.  They can be discouraged from using this tactic, by the use military force and repression, and simultaneous anti-terrorism or anti-insurgency programs and actions of the state.

 

The previous U.S. Department of Defense name for this – the Long War – is probably an accurate name.  Al-Qa’ida as well as the ISIS, ABM, Wilayat Sinai AQAP, AQIM, Shabab etc. have a long-term grand strategy. Nonetheless,  Egypt’s battle in the Sinai with such groups is winnable —  and it is not facing a popular insurgency in the mainland, as for example existed in Vietnam.

 

If the Egyptian government had fought as ruthlessly as possible, then it’s possible the conflict might be a shorter one, but as Pres. Sisi himself noted, the public concern for human rights limits the use of tactics which might eradicate such groups  And admittedly, the security forces have not undergone reforms in that regard, and they are facing an enemy using extremely brutal tactics towards them and civilians who are thought to be cooperating with the Egyptian military and police.

 

– There are violations for human rights in both countries’ experiences in this field, is it necessary to violate human rights while fighting terrorism? How we can avoid that if it’s possible?

 

Yes, there are violations of human rights by both militaries and also by police in the U.S.  – use of body cameras (introduced in San Francisco & to be used in Egypt), education, enforcement of proper standards in prisoner treatment are all requisites.   It’s up to the leadership to insist on such standards in all militaries and police forces.

 

Some believe that human rights are violated by the use of emergency laws and military courts.

 

**Under Presidents Mubarak and Sadat, the use of emergency laws tended to constrain the development of democracy, however, today, nearly all countries have crafted specific terrorism laws which tend to diverge from civil procedures.   In Egypt, a big debate still exists over the “protest law” which is intended to control spontaneous and potentially violent demonstrations.  I think it is entirely reasonable to oppose extrajudicial rendition, torture, and unjust procedures as we saw in Guantanamo and at Abu Ghraib, and also to support harsh legal consequences for acts of terrorism.  The Egyptian system of criminal law differs from that in the U.S., but as far as I can see both aim to deter as well as punish offenders.  The application of emergency law within the buffer area in the Sinai, which has, for example, utilized curfews certainly seemed to be a necessity in that campaign.

 

 

 

– What about the privacy issues? This war made the people’s privacy is nearly zero. Is that justified and acceptable in your opinion?   **I need more clarification of this question in order to answer it

 

 

– In 1970s to 1990s Egypt was using the security solutions in fighting terrorism, it could defeat some terrorists but not terrorism. Will Egypt need more 2 decades to reach the same result?

 

**There is no division between “security solutions” and other solutions – let us say, “development or aid solutions.”  One cannot develop an area like the Sinai or upper Egypt if armed terrorist groups operate freely, moving to assassinate local police or officials in their homes or their vehicles, importing weapons and obtaining cash from outside of Egypt.

 

As stated above, “security” has to be seen holistically – it also concerns preserving the safety and security of citizens and their government.   Terrorists attack civilians and symbols of the state to try to sway other citizens into treating them as a pseudo-state (thus, the very name, Islamic State).  The Egyptian government has much to overcome, but the employment of many Sinai residents in the new Suez Canal project is a boost to security, as is the awarding of reparations to those forced to leave Rafah during the buffer operation.  Security and trust must be constructed on all fronts at the same time – through forums or meetings with the public, assurance that economic needs will be met and controls over the known security gaps – for ex. the hundreds of tunnels into Gaza or the communications between Sinai and Libyan militants.

 

 

 

– The terrorism is getting more brutality if we compared between the old militants (such as Al-Qaeda) and the new ones such as ISIS. What is the reason in your opinion?

 

In my opinion, the al-Qa’ida mother-ship group (the original group) under bin Ladin and Zawahiri learned that the use of extremely brutal tactics and sectarian attacks caused the public to hate and fear it and thus damage the long-term aims of such groups.  Bin Ladin was said to oppose attacks on the Shi`a, either because of this counter-productive response or because his neosalafist mentors coming from the Muslim Brotherhood exiles in Saudi Arabia and those they impacted did so.  al-Zawahiri opposed the attacks on Shi`a in Iraq by al-Qa’ida affiliate groups as well.

 

The Islamic State and Nusra in Syria and Iraq used both carrot and stick approaches, but the media tends to cover their brutal actions and focus less on other factors such as family relationships, actions of revenge and propaganda (public executions).  Like the ABM or WS in the Sinai, they count on the insecurity of the local population and the fact that it is gauging the dangers of cooperating with the state versus themselves.

 

 

– How the security sciences and the applications of those sciences developed since 1990s (especially regarding the war on terrorism)?

 

We should speak of philosophy, theory and practical approaches rather than “sciences.”  The study of war and conflict tends to draw on those maxims or precepts which seem to apply over time.  However, the means of war and technology have altered the applicability of such concepts.

 

We now possess technologically superior gaming facilities, but the best tool remains the imagination and through red-teaming to consider the most likely set of threats or scenarios and second effects resulting from actions taken.

 

There are therefore, some new takes on terrorism which arise from older concepts, so for example, material concerning 4th generation warfare; or the Clausewitzian notion of center(s) of gravity which, in today’s terrorist environment are diffused.   The psychological aspects of terrorism have also been studied with the aim of constructing better antiterrorist responses, or to use specific language, preventing the “slippery slope” to violence.    We now must be concerned with so-called lone wolf or sleeper attacks and the coordination of many terrorist groups outside controllable channels.

 

The relationship between foreign policy goals and aims to control or eradicate terrorism is also being scrutinized by those who are interested in grand strategy.

 

 

– Some opinions say that the security solutions is not enough to end up the terrorism, there is a need for intellectuals to play a rule in fighting terrorist ideas, it’s also war of thoughts.. do you agree with that?

 

**Yes, I agree but there is no point in constructing or insisting on one form of propaganda simply to counter another.   The intellectual war on terrorism has also faltered because we cannot promote freedom – freedom of thought and civil responsibility by accepting a vision of an Islamic society which is not free, but which merely eschews (rejects) violence against the state.

 

For example, the large Salafiyya Jihad movement in the Sinai are not all involved in terrorism, but they promote a conservative social vision which is unfair to some members of society (for ex. women).  In the United States, many of our Muslim organizations which claim to oppose terrorism “from a Muslim perspective” have a similar vision and therefore do not represent a true reform of the type needed.

 

 

– If you are writing a “prescription” to the world leaders to cure the earth planet from terrorism (even, to some extent), what will you write in it?

 

**I would say that seeing terrorism as an illness for which there is a cure is a mistake.  Remember that terrorism is merely a tactic of war.

 

Understanding and vigorously countering the aims and claims of terrorists with regard to the use of jihad, takfir, wala wa-l-bara, and their overall conception of a world in which Muslims should battle all others is key.

 

Supporting intelligence to discover the sources of arms and funding is also key.

 

Building confidence in a world and local communities where equal opportunities exist is most certainly key to convincing local populations to accept the authority of their own governments.

 

And the use of force – what you called in this interview, the security solution – is also very much a key and is going to require regional cooperation, not only between Egypt and Saudi Arabia as in this summer’s Cairo Declarations, but beyond.  Many political circumstances have led to the growth and expansion of terrorist groups – in Syria, Libya, Yemen, Egypt, the GCC, Iraq, Jordan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and beyond as well as their funders and supporters elsewhere.  De facto arrangements allowing them to remain in certain locations is no solution at all.

 

#Egypt’s #Sinai Campaign and #Terrorism Beyond July 15 – August 1, 2015

2 Aug


Aug 1. Egypt’s army says it has killed a leading figure in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=abd5b813-585b-472d-868a-256af7938c8d
http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/middle-east/80598-150802-egypt-kills-leading-is-militant-in-sinai

July 31 Twenty militants killed in strikes in northern #Sinai #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bfacb4aa-10d3-480c-9057-5b2f9ee9e73f

July 30 The prosecutors in Suez have referred 38 Muslim Brotherhood members to trial for burning cars belonging to the Suez oil company last February http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a269462f-6847-4695-aec6-ba9195c62375

July 29 On the displaced #Sinai families, due to the CT campaign there: http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=54045354-c78b-44e8-a648-6350077b6e99

July 29 Egypt is participating in a United Nations counterterrorism meeting including session concerning foreign fighters http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/29/egypt-participates-in-un-counter-terrorism-meeting/

July 29 Sinai militancy and possible threat to international forces (the MFO) http://www.inss.org.il/uploadImages/systemFiles/adkan18_2ENG_3_Gold.pdf

July 29 Assets of 78 Muslim Brotherhood members frozen according to Dunne that makes 1300 (not sure of accuracy) http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/assets-78-brotherhood-members-frozen

July 28 10 militants killed, 15 others injured during raids by Apache helicopters on terrorists’ hotbeds in S. Sheikh Zwayed, (Hasan Sari)

July 28 Detention renewed for Esra al-Taweel, photojournalist http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/28/detention-renewed-for-esraa-el-taweel/

July 28 Bomb explodes in al-Arish targeting a military vehicle http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/28/bomb-explodes-in-al-arish/

July 26 A missile (source unknown) fell on a house killing a woman. http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/north-sinai-missile-falls-woman-s-house-kills-her

July 26 A military court in Suez sentenced 2 Muslim Brotherhood members (in abstentia) for burning a car. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/military-court-sentences-2-brotherhood-members-prison

July 26 A bus full of soldiers in Arish was bombed injuring 18 & the Wilayat Sinai claimed responsibility for the bombing. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/update-sinai-province-claims-responsibility-north-sinai-bomb-blast And see
http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Regions/details/2015/7/26/625394/-%D9%86%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B1-%D8%A3%D8%B3%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%AD%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%AB-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%83%D8%B2%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=facebook_promoted&utm_campaign=mosabeen

July 25 12 militants killed and 3 of #Egypt‘s officers injured in northern #Sinai http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=766635&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

July 24 Two officers and a conscript injured in a blast in Shaykh Zuwayd http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=be4a07bc-d68d-4ecb-8336-824be103f34b

July 24 A Croatian citizen was kidnapped in Cairo. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=db292cfb-78ae-4fa0-8be8-fd5fbb2b044d

July 23 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis claimed responsibility for a bomb attack which killed 4 military personnel in the Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d53acfa0-0ea2-4b35-a3a7-335febf7bd3b
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/24/state-of-sinai-claims-responsibility-for-rafah-attack/

July 23 #Egypt has managed to silence news of a two-day long #IS#Sinai and #Hamas assault on MFO’s North Camp (according to @debka_english.

July 22 Hisham al-Ashmawy (a former Special Forces officer, leader of al-Murabitoun) called for jihad against Egypt’s “new Pharoah” http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9d8d8c68-b548-4848-a776-43a8f637e358
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/22/officer-turned-jihadist-calls-for-war-against-al-sisi/
http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2015/07/former-egyptian-special-forces-officer-leads-al-murabitoon.php

July 22 Militants planted IEDs outside the homes of 2 policemen in al-Arish in the Sinai. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/22/explosions-target-2-policemens-homes-in-al-arish/

July 21 Explosion in Fayyoum near an electricity facility. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/21/explosion-in-fayoum-no-injuries-reported/

July 20 A “killed” conscript in Saturday’s attack in the Sinai was discovered alive. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135765.aspx

July 20 The Army spokesman said the military is in control of every inch of the Sinai. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/20/military-in-control-of-every-inch-of-sinai-spokesman/

July 19 Death toll from Saturday (18th) was 7 military killed and 59 militants in the Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=51d940ca-8866-442a-a737-a0b48be50780

July 18 5 army personnel killed (original claim was 3 killed and four injured) in Shaykh Zuwayd. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/18/5-army-personnel-killed-in-sheikh-zuweid-clashes/

July 17 6 killed and 3 injured at Talibya in Giza; and in another story, 1 killed in clashes between pro-MB and security at Kerdasa http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7b07163c-2cdd-4d3d-8138-b98971d8f9f3

July 17 Egypt’s security arrested those at Yqeen News – accuse it of being a MB media committee http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7fad3d7a-bf48-4eb9-9843-4d65cdf70ed6

July 17 #Egypt‘s interior ministry released 424 prisoners today & offered conditional release to 101 presidnt’l pardon. -MENA

July 17 Maj Gen. Osama Bedeir removed as Cairo’s security chief and replaced by Khaled Abdelaal http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/cairo-security-chief-removed-amid-surging-attacks

July 16 Small bomb blast injured police officer at popular square in #Cairo‘s Heliopolis – #Egypt

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and Egypt’s military issued conflicting statements on the attack on the Qattamiyya-Suez road http://www.madamasr.com/news/military-province-sinai-give-conflicting-accounts-qattamiya-suez-road-attack?utm_medium=twitter&utm_s

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, claimed Wednesday’s truck bomb attack on the (Qattamiyya-) Suez road in which a suicide bomber was killed. (in other reports, appears as a huge explosion) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bdb631bb-566c-4ae3-bf62-4d8f1987c1f3

July 15 198 were referred to military judiciary for terrorist crimes http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=259fc268-d86a-4923-988b-7c5df8db7e6b

July 15 The German embassy in Cairo closed after receiving threats of a car bomb http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/german-embassy-closed-over-car-bomb-threats

July 15 Quran reader, Mohammed Gebreel not allwd travel to #UK & banned from Quran reading after speaking out against #Egypt‘s govt. (sources like Tariq Ramadan praise him) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135448.aspx

July 15 Rabaa al-Adawiyya Square will be renamed for Hisham Barakat, the assassinated prosecutor general http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=678b2dbb-fb7a-47a9-a9c7-1c80d612fd95

July 15 A policeman was killed in an armed attack on a checkpoint in Remaya Square in Haram. 3 gunmen arrested (Youm 7) https://twitter.com/youm7/status/621317483828498432

July 15 #Sinai bedouin and the fight against #terrorists #Egypt http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/15/us-egypt-islam-sinai-specialreport-idUSKCN0PP0UD20150715