Tag Archives: Egypt

Introduction to Conflicting Interests in Egypt: Political, Business, Religious, Gender, Popular Culture. By Sherifa Zuhur and Marlyn Tadros.

10 Jul

Here is the Part I of the Introduction to Conflicting Interests in Egypt. It’s not in the actual book (don’t know a polite way to comment on this, so I won’t) … but it should be!

Conflicting Interests in Egypt: Political, Business, Religious, Gender, Popular Culture. By Sherifa Zuhur and Marlyn Tadros.

Lewiston, N.Y. and Lampeter, Ceredigion, Wales, 2017.

http://mellenpress.com/book/Conflicting-Interests-in-Egypt-Political-Business-Religious-Gender-Popular-Culture/9375/

This book explores aspects of politics, protest, security and culture in post-revolutionary Egypt. These resulted in conflict among various interest groups in Egyptian society an the breaking down of the social foundation of politics. Two long-time observers and scholars of Egypt’s politics and culture collaborate in this book.

INTRODUCTION
Sherifa Zuhur and Marlyn Tadros

Egypt was one of the earliest centralized political entities of the ancient world. To all who study politics, it is held up as an example of a society, which unified around the need to manage its resources. Small communities coalesced under two distinct Kingdoms of Lower Egypt in the Delta and the red desert land of Upper Egypt. When these two united and were symbolized in the Pharaoh’s double crown, the nation reached an important point in its survival and development.
Spiritual and temporal life were subordinated to a system of authority whose monuments still inspire awe and wonder. Thereafter, an incredible mosaic of Pharaonic, Islamic, Mediterranean, African and western cultures continue to be expressed in Egypt and felt and seen in every lifestyle from the poorest to the most exclusive. For reasons explored in this book, the revolution of January 25th 2011 seems to have eroded the ability of different interest groups in this society to ally, if not unify with each other.
In Amam al-‘arsh, (Before the Throne) Nobel prize winning novelist Naguib Mahfouz tries the leaders of Egypt before the court of Osiris, the sun god. One by one from the Pharaohs to Anwar al-Sadat, their contributions and their shortcomings or damages to Egypt are presented and judged.1. Part of the extraordinary breakthrough of the revolution of January 25, 2011 was due to a desire for justice and to lessen the power of a single autocratic ruler to govern his country and oppress his populace. A body of scholarship shows that feudalism, authoritarianism, political violence create their own culture, so one way of explaining the current dilemma is to blame the patterns and pre-existing structures of the ‘deep state.’ Another avenue is to explore the conflicts among and disappointments of the general public.
Rather than directly judging Egypt’s current government on its policies and strategies, we aim in this book to expose the fissures that divide Egyptians today – that emanate from them, as well as from the failures of leadership. Indeed it seems at this moment in history, that peoples’ consciousness and interests are irrevocably dividing them – immigrants and host nations, nationalists and globalists, the religious and the secular, poor and wealthy, formerly colonized and former colonizers. Despite these divisions, there remains a creative current of satire and madcap humor, which Egyptians wield to more clearly define the failure, or the as-yet unrealized promises of Egypt’s revolution. The woes of the security state, the manipulation of the media, the plague of violence against women, and the fundamental distrust of various factions for each other are apparent.
We explore the rise of Occidentalism, or Egypt’s obsession with the west and its influence, which corresponds to the west’s utilization of Orientalism. In so doing, we uncover various conspiracy theories which Egyptians believe about the revolution of January 25, 2011, the coup of July 3, 2013 and each other. We delve into the problematic use of conspiracist thinking in explanations of Egypt’s political shifts, and how these relate to Occidentalism, and the long-standing tensions between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Coptic minority. Some of the conflicts we uncover are masked by Egyptian’s resort to songs and tropes of national unity, which are actually very fragile or even illusory – “we are one hand.” An example is the friction between the Islamists and the Coptic Christians in Egypt that worsened over the years due to the failure of the state to protect its minority citizens.
Dr. Marlyn Tadros, human rights defender and one of the earliest promoters of social media in Egypt, describes the use of Egyptian humor on social media as the revolution evolved and she explores broadcast media’s impact on political dissent. . Humor and satire in the Egyptian context have been used as a form of dissent, and as a weapon against oppression. If the ‘street’ is ill equipped to accept democracy, perhaps humor will bridge that gap because humor challenges people’s previously held notions. Satire therefore reflects the evolving psychology of the masses as well as indirectly affecting and enhancing people’s cognitive consciousness. As such, it may challenge authority as in the case of the Egyptian revolution where it has revealed a pattern of eroding distrust towards the authorities.

Together, the authors, who are both longtime advocates of women’s rights as well as democracy, expose the horrendous new use of violence in public against women during and following the January 25, 2011 revolution. Tadros sees the use of rape and harassment as a shocking denouement for a society in which women have struggled so hard to move into the public sphere and attained professional respect despite many constraints in social attitudes and unfair legislation. Whether under the armed forces’ [SCAF’s] brief but decidedly momentous rule following the ouster of President Mubarak, under the religious regime of the Muslim Brotherhood, or under the subsequent current military regime, violence against women persisted with varied manifestations. Zuhur explores how Syrian refugee women who arrived in Egypt were also subjected to similar violence. The authors explored the justifications given for public violence against women and the perceived political gain from women’s victimization, as well as questioning the cultural and social implications of this violence.
Dr. Sherifa Zuhur, who has written widely about Islamist movements in and outside of Egypt, provides the background and analyzes the state’s response to the insurgency in the northern Sinai peninsula, which worsened in August of 2013. She provides a cameo of an ultra-supporter of the Sisi movement, Sama al-Masri and the sarcastic popular tropes, including anti-Americanism, that al-Masri utilized on private video channels. Al-Masri interestingly draws on Egypt’s dance and music traditions.
Zuhur writes about the role of Egypt’s big businessmen, and the question of whether or not a counterrevolution has occurred. Zuhur relates the outcome of trials of ex-President Mubarak and his allies, associates, and relatives. She also questions the role of the military in response to those who ask “who really rules Egypt today?” Tadros shows the manipulation of the public by prominent media personalities who thus further the goals of the security state-within-the-state.
The volume provides coverage of a tumultuous and contested time in Egypt’s history, a crucial period when its revolutionary dreams could be manifested, lost, or salvaged only in part, as the country attempts to stay afloat economically. The quest for less authoritarianism, more justice and freedom appear as complicated as ever.

1. Naguib Mahfouz, Amam al-‘Arsh (Cairo: Maktabat Misr, 1983).

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President Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi’s Impact on Egypt – Sherifa Zuhur

21 Oct

 

I was asked to communicate President al-Sisi’s impact on Egypt by a journalist, who said he intended to put my responses into an article for the Wall Street Journal (9/8/16).  As far as I know, it wasn’t printed, but there were a few other similar pieces which came out at that time which were highly critical, if not condemnations of Egypt.  I assumed that my responses did not please the editors, but I thought they might interest you!

– President Sisi’s most important and potentially lasting effects on Egypt are:

 

  1. Imbuing in Egyptians the sense that their President (and therefore their other officials and institutions) must be accountable to them; justify policies and meet their needs. The President began a series of public addresses which were essentially follow-ups/report cards on specific issues. This was despite the fact that he cannot (and one would not expect him to be able to) summarize all of the forward and retrograde currents; and the fact that in certain instances those dealing with fraud were then prosecuted by the state.

 

  1. As Defense Minister and then President, he moved – at the public’s and the military leadership’s behest — against the oldest, strongest Islamist organization, the Muslim Brotherhood and its political party, Freedom and Justice. Here, Egypt’s path diverged from other nations impacted by the Arab Spring. It would be grandstanding to say that Egypt has by these means chosen a secular state, because its legal system is only semi-secular and one must acknowledge the support of certain salafi groups for the current government. This meant there is a check to the Muslim Brotherhood/Freedom & Justice Party’s longstanding animosity to Egypt’s Copts, and ambiguous attitude toward’s women’s rights and other human and intellectual rights. It meant that President Morsi’s language which indicated that his tribe or ‘people’ were Islamists and Brethren and not all Egyptians was unsuccessful. This course of action meant his presiding over a purge which impacted liberals and youth as well as Islamists, and however popular with an internal majority, has been sharply criticized outside of the country.

 

  1. Sisi has presided over the most active counterterrorism campaign(s) in the country’s history for some decades, and the main impetus of that campaign — in the northern Sinai — has been fiercely fought. By and large, the situation in the rest of Egypt has been stabilized.

As a response to this problem and the resistance funded or supported by the Islamists discussed in (b), he has unfortunately curtailed Egyptians political rights by not altering the so-called protest law (107 of ’13 approved under acting Pres. Mansour). Parliament’s upholding of this law, and approval of many laws and edicts introduced in the absence of a legislature is one of the obstacles impeding better relations between Egypt’s highly divided liberals and government supporters. In the long term, a movement towards expressions of political freedom (which do not endanger others or destroy property and cause havoc as was seen on campuses and in the streets) and away from the use of military courts would be highly desirable. It seems that Egypt was unable to establish a direction for its policies free of these political limits despite the revolution, and admission that Egyptian political rights prior to it were insufficient.

 

  1. President Sisi faced a huge challenge in stabilizing and selecting projects and policies to move the country forward economically. His oversight of several grand projects – the ‘second’ or additional Suez Canal, the new administrative capitol city, and the medical city, among them — will at least temporarily employ many Egyptians in their construction. These should help improve Suez trade and decentralization in the future; the more immediate economic stabilizer is the $12 billion IMF loan. Other imperatives to ameliorate the rising cost of living, un- and under- employment and failing public utilities and service have presented challenges. Foreign direct investment may rise, but it is still a difficult road for investors, and President Sisi’s government has reviewed the exchange rate policy and adjusted currency rates (another adjustment may be required); and tried, but not yet addressed ambiguous tax policies. Foreign direct investment still presents many obstacles and restrictions to would-be investors.

 

Leveling austerity measures on Egypt’s large poor and almost-poor population is very unpopular. Such measures were unpopular in the UK, but the public’s safety net is stronger. Outbursts on social media show the strength of popular resentment that the current government has neither brought “bread” – nor dignity, freedom and an end to corruption (the ideals of the January 25th, 2011 revolution).

 

  1. Pres. Sisi impressed me and others as knowing and understanding how far Egypt had to travel to democracy and wrote, as you know in his SRP in 2006, some observations about the potential to and obstacles in the way of democracy in the Arab Islamic world. To this end, I personally was hoping he would make good his promises to improve Egypt’s educational system, which is in very dire straits, and to address the hype and problems with academic and intellectual freedom in Egypt.   The latter is not helped by the conspiratorial tone of the media seeing “foreign hands” here, there and everywhere. But the media reflects a lack of critical thought, which in turn, can only be addressed with standards of tolerance, which must be introduced in and throughout the educational system.

 

If he does so, I hope that new policies will not direct thousands of low-income students to vocational schools as seems to have developed out of the not-fully-realized state socialist policies of the past. I believe Pres. Sisi himself is an egalitarian, but much depends on who may advise and craft reform of that nature.

 

  1. President Sisi has upheld the framework of the Camp David Accords. A further large-scale war would be disastrous for Egypt, but on the other hand it remains to be seen if he can move forward peace between the Palestinians and Israel. He had encouraged meetings between Israel and the Palestinians to be hosted by Russia, and presented a plan to President Abbas recently which offers land in the Sinai to add to the PA territory in Gaza. Abbas has rejected this plan outright, and Sisi has run the risk of being accused of giving away Egyptian land (as in the Tiran/Sanafir islands uproar).   But the offer indicates a proactive dimension to President Sisi’s leadership which might bear more fruit on this issue in the future.

 

On other regional matters, Egypt’s government has engaged with Ethiopia since the building of the Renaissance Dam – which could threaten the Nile’s water supply which is crucial to Egypt and the Sudan– began. It has rather inexplicably and irrationally backed Assad’s government in Syria, but stated that its support is for fighting terrorism. However, since the huge numbers of Syrian casualties and displacement indicate that the rebellion is not, in fact a matter of terrorism, but a strongly supported aim at regime change — one must be aware of Egypt’s fear that a post-Assad government would bring to power Islamists unfriendly to it, or more specifically, the Muslim Brotherhood. President Sisi’s generally good relations with Saudi Arabia have been ruffled by their differences on Syria, and current economic problems in the Kingdom, but Saudi-Egyptian ties are likely to remain close.

Security, Sinai, Terrorism #Egypt Aug. 18 – Oct. 2, 2015 Sherifa Zuhur

3 Oct

Oct. 2 New message by #WilayatSinai:  “From #Sinai to #Somalia – #ISIS #Egypt http://jihadology.net/2015/10/01/new-video-message-from-the-islamic-state-from-sinai-to-somalia-wilayat-sayna/

 

Oct. 2  #IS#Sinai claims it killed an #Egypt-ian “army spy” a member of the Sawarka tribe in Cairo. This is first Sinai-based claim on Cairo attack in 2015.

 

Oct. 2 A ban on niqab worn by instructors and professors at Cairo University is upheld by Egypt’s Mufti. (Ban on students wearing niqab was overturned some years ago) #Egypt http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2015/10/02/cairo-university-bans-teachers-from-wearing-face-veil

Sept. 30 4 terrorists killed in Alexandria – same incident as below but this report notes they were in attacks in Beheira. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/151762.aspx

Sept. 29 4 #MuslimBrotherhood killed in exchange of gunfire in #Agamy #Alexandria #Egypt Wed. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6a1e47f8-cfdf-471e-ba27-f2cd6ed444c9

Sept. 27 Egyptian army foiled attempt by 7 militants from Gaza crossing via sea into Egypt’s Rafah city.

Sept. 27 Schools in #Rafah and #ShaykhZuwayd#Sinai postponed to 10th of October #Egypt

Sept. 27 Five #Copts injured in attacks in #Samalout and #Minya  over church construction http://eshhad.timep.org/database/

Sept. 26 Attack on Saturday, in Arish killed 2 of #Egypt‘s soldiers and injured 16 – roadside bomb #Sinai http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=767817

Sept. 25 Nine militants killed in Zaidiya in exchange of fire with security. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=ca579e07-b082-4f16-9790-078b4559beee

They were thought to be Muslim Brotherhood members The NYT article sayd killed for connection to the attack on the Italian consulate & seems to imply they weren’t. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/26/world/middleeast/egypt-9-brotherhood-members-killed.html?smid=tw-nytimesworld&smtyp=cur&_r=0

Sept. 23 Sinai’s Bedouin Jerken Band plays jerry cans left in the desert https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iROTNFAJUWY&feature=youtu.be

Sept. 23 #Egypt‘s army seized weapons & explosives in #Giza & #Arish #counterterrorism  http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/143247.aspx

Sept. 23 Clashes between Egypt’s security forces and Islamist supporters in Alexandria following Eid prayers http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c6b22058-69d0-4262-83bd-01ff6dab2fa1

Sept. 23 Prosecutors investigated those who were plotting to smuggle Pres. Morsi from Bourj al-Arab prison. http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2015/09/23/2095861

Sept. 23 Al Jazeera journalists were among 100 other prisoners released or released and pardoned for the Eid al-Adha http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/23/egypt-pardons-jailed-al-jazeera-journalists

Sept. 22 Five tons of marijuana seized at Hurghada http://www.thecairopost.com/news/168303/news/5-tons-of-marijuana-seized-in-hurghada

 

Sept. 22 Egypt detains Khaled al-Beltagy, age 16, son of imprisoned leader Muhammad al-Beltagy http://www.alaraby.co.uk/society/2015/9/22/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1%D9%8A-%D9%8A%D8%AE%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%81-%D9%86%D8%AC%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AC%D9%8A

Sept. 22 Egypt has demolished 3,255 homes in the Sinai for the buffer zone according to Human Rights Watch and not given notice or reparations. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-34317654

Sept 21 46 alleged Muslim Brotherhood members arrested in Egypt http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/09/21/46-alleged-muslim-brotherhood-members-arrested/

Sept. 21 Egypt’s Cabinet of Ministers issued a comprehensive statement on the plan to battle terrorism in the Sinai: https://www.facebook.com/MFAEgypt/posts/930573493681264

Sept. 20 A bomb explodes outside the Foreign Ministry Office in Mohandesin. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/bomb-explodes-outside-foreign-ministry-office-cairo

Sept. 20 Pro-Muslim Brotherood figure Sharaby, (hosted by State Dept. in January and who spoke at UC Berkeley) calls on NY followers to “siege” Sisi’s hotel during UNGA visit http://www.mubasher-misr.net/71722.htm/

Sept. 20 Bio of Egypt’s new prosecutor-general Nabil Sadek http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/141872.aspx

Sept. 19 #Egypt Brigadier General killed overnight in North #Sinai city of al-Arish; two others killed in IED explosion via @AssetSource

Sept. 19 IS in Sinai released a statement urging tribes to fight the army. Via Ashw_s6 – account suspended.  The statement “To the Defiant Tribes of the Sinai” is available here: http://jihadology.net/2015/09/19/new-statement-from-the-islamic-state-to-the-defiant-tribes-of-the-sinai-wilayat-sayna/

Sept. 18 A number of top al-Qaeda figures were released as part of a prisoner exchange with Iran. An Iranian kidnapped in Yemen was released for these figures which include Egyptians, Seif al-Adel, Abu Kair al-Masri and Abdullah Ahmad Abdullah and several Jordanians. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/top-al-qaeda-operatives-freed-in-prisoner-swap-with-iran/2015/09/18/02bc58e2-5e0c-11e5-9757-e49273f05f65_story.html?postshare=5061442678114004

Sept. 18 #IS#Sinai published wrap of attacks in #Egypt during previoua Islamic month. Still no mention of Sep 3 IED incidents with #MFO.

Source @ZLGold.

Sept. 18 Mexico demands compensation for the Mexican tourists killed in an Egyptian military strike in the desert. http://www.madamasr.com/news/mexico-demands-compensation-victims-military-airstrike

Sept. 16 145 prison inmates to be released in #Egypt for the #EidAlAdha  http://www.thecairopost.com/news/167582/news/145-inmates-pardoned-due-for-eid-el-adha

Sept. 16 55 militants and 2 soliders killed in ongoing Operation Martyrs’ Right in #Sinai accrdg to authorities #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=cb365b34-f219-4b9a-98f8-d90f419b2fee

Sept. 11 – unverified claims by ISIS that it targeted vehicle using advanced missiles (but others say car bomb/IED) http://www.cairoscene.com/ArtsAndCulture/Mahi-Tarek-Redefining-the-Status-Quo

Sept. 11 – Militants in northern Sinai attacked civilians killing a woman & child https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/718205158310469   however same incident is reported as shelling of house kills a woman and “probably by Army” via @BigPharoah

Sept. 10 Local leader of Brotherhood’s FJP Youth Wing for Beni Suef shot dead by Egyptian police during arrest raid. Via @AssetSourceApp

Sept 10 Anti-tank & helicopter weapons acquired by #WilayatSinai – photos #Egypt #Sinai https://justpaste.it/nltx

Sept. 10 US to send an additional 75 troops to increase protection of MFO in #Sinai http://bigstory.ap.org/article/78f44da1c56d41ec9ae5b71afe5b9d8a/official-us-beefing-protection-sinai-peacekeepers

Sept. 9 30 ABM militants killed, 41 captured, 3 Explosives warehouses destroyed in #Egypt army’s “Martyr Right” mil. Op in Shk Zwayed, Arish&Rafah source Hassan Sari

Sept. 9 #ISIS Terror Group Release Photos Claims Anti-Tank & Anti-Aircraft Training Courses In #Sinai (see TL)

Sept 9 More photos from Wilayat Sinai posted as Daily Life of the Mujahid   http://justpaste.it/sainaa

Sept 8 Egypt’s spokesman told Reuters that Egyptian troops would arrive in Yemen today. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/09/08/us-yemen-security-idUSKCN0R80X220150908

Sept. 8 The Egyptian army announced that it had begun a major anti-militant operation “Martyrs’  “ in the north Sinai on Monday and killed 29 militants. 2 soldiers were killed.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/139930/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-army-starts-North-Sinai-Operation-The-Marty.aspx

Sept. 7 57 additional NGOs have been closed for ties with the Muslim Brotherhood http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=0e4a3b86-0252-41d3-9456-bf2f1e4766c1

Sept. 6 The 3rd field Army Commander meets with elders of the tribes in South #Sinai.

Sept 5 Egyptian military said it had prevented the illegal immigration of 228 people – refugees http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=ffb22082-373e-4a53-bf9a-8bafa40a4abe

Sept. 4 On the 6 peacekeepers injured – http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/middle-east/84498-150904-four-americans-among-6-peacekeepers-wounded-in-egypt-bombings

Sept. 4 Egypt gas pipeline bombed again last night in the northern Sinai.

Sept. 3 Six peacekeepers injured in 2 IED explosions #Sinai – 4 are Americans.  #Egypt   http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/09/04/us-egypt-sinai-peacekeepers-idUSKCN0R404G20150904

Sept 3 #3 terrorists killed in Sheikh Zwayed: Spokesman https://shar.es/1vJJZq

Sept. 3 Article claims terrorism is spreading across Egypt https//www.washingtonpost.com/world/militant-cells-are-carrying-out-more-brazen-attacks-across-egypt/2015/09/02/0706408e-4a9d-11e5-9f53-d1e3ddfd0cda_story.html

Sept. 2   Two IEDs exploded inside a shop reportedly belonging to a Coptic Christian in Qena, southern #Egypt

Sept. 1 Suicide bombing in al-Arish city was thwarted and the militant was killed. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c594b0c1-1f5a-4f6d-a9d8-0e78b57464c6

Sept. 1 Video released from Wilayat Sinai (in my twitter feed)

Aug 31 #Breaking Egypt foils car bomb attack likely targeting police station in al-Arish, Sinai (via @AssetSourceApp

Aug 31 An Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis member, Ahmad Abdul Hakim of Zawya al-Hamra was killed in Cairo http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/31/alleged-ansar-beit-al-maqdis-member-killed-in-cairo/

Aug 31 Egypt begins building fish farms on the Gaza border – further discouraging the building of smuggling tunnels http://bigstory.ap.org/article/ca190c0edca04230ac07339709a448bf/egypt-starts-dig-gaza-border-stop-smuggling-tunnels

Aug 29 How Wilayat Sinai operates via other groups within mainland Egypt https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/baya-remorse-wilayat-sinai-and-the-nile-valley

Aug. 28 Two killed in clashes with security forces in Fayoum http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=831ffa43-0a18-4e16-8319-683f45540317

Aug. 28 A policeman returning from work shot and killed in Sohag http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a886152c-b73f-4456-88bc-dc391ce0dc59

Aug 28   12 defendents given preliminary death sentences for crimes (also recruitment) for Wilayat Sinai by an Egyptian court. Six are being tried in abstentia. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/139071/Egypt/Politics-/Egyptian-court-issues-preliminary-death-sentence-t.aspx

Aug 27 Those involved in attack on tourist bus near #Karnak #Luxor site referred to military court #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=db0624aa-1090-433a-91d6-4dfa37763964

Aug 26 Another prisoner dies in #Fayoum police station – 2nd in 3 days.  #Egypt  http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/26/second-prisoner-dies-in-fayoum-police-station-in-3-days/

Aug 26 Twoolicemen who were guarding a post office in al-Arish were killed by unknown gunmen http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2-Policemen-Killed-in-Militant-Attack-in-Egypt/2015/08/26/article2994665.ece

Also see http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/138885/Egypt/Politics-/Two-policemen-gunned-down-in-North-Sinai.aspx

Aug 25 Police intercept network that makes bombs and rockets http://www.shorouknews.com/news/view.aspx?cdate=25082015&id=d66bde10-e442-420b-9c9e-5b471bcf3338

Aug 24 The number of casualties in the bombing of a police bus rose to 3 (and 27 wounded) on the Rashid-Damanour road in Behaira rose to 3 https://t.co/5EdXOOzjwG

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138684.aspx

http://bigstory.ap.org/urn:publicid:ap.org:650ce5b9580845998ee614fc557febd7

Aug 23 Abu Al-Qasim, alleged military head of Wilayat #Sinai, killed in airstrike–per anon sources in sympathetic media (?) via Zack Gold

Aug 23 A lawsuit demanding that Human Rights Watch leave Egypt was filed and accepted. Filed by a rights organization and it claims that HRW has held meetings with the Muslim Brotherhood in Qatar and in the “US Congress” http://www.madamasr.com/news/egyptian-rights-organization-files-lawsuit-expel-human-rights-watch-country

Aug 23 Egyptian security forces use teargas on striking lower-ranking police in Sharqiyya http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138609.aspx

Aug 23 Ministry of Endowments #Egypt bans any promotion of political candidates in the mosques http://t.co/UucSgtkRDZ

Aug 22 Life terms for Egypt‘s Badie and 18 Brotherhood members http://bit.ly/1KCJH06

Aug 22 Three Facebook users were arrested in Sohag for their support of Wilayat Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=0f5bfad5-38e1-4e29-b177-defad29ebae4

Aug 22 5 terrorist killed, 18 others injured in Rafah https://shar.es/1tLKpX

Aug 21 10 terrorists killed and 11 captured by Egyptian army forces in North Sinai

New round of intense Egyptian airstrikes just now, south of Rafa

Aug 21 Egypt’s Army Chief of Staff met the UK national security advisor http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138442.aspx

Aug 20 Daesh-affiliate ABM claims responsibility over Cairo blast: “in retaliation to “martyred brothers” of Arab Sharkas” pic.twitter.com/cQ9VX8oz7r

Aug 20 Wilayat Sinai claimed the bombing at the courthouse http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN0QP00G20150820

Aug 19 4 #Palestinians kidnapped by gunmen after leaving #Rafah #Sinai #Egypt  http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Four-Palestinians-kidnapped-by-gunmen-in-Egyptian-Sinai-412658?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

Aug 19 Loud explosion in #Cairo was a car bomb in front of a security building and near a courthouse in Shubra al-Kheima The explosion caused 20 cars to smash and wounded 29 (most not seriously) #Egypt http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/20/world/middleeast/car-bomb-explodes-near-a-security-building-in-cairo.html?smid=tw-nytimesworld&smtyp=cur&_r=0

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138296.aspx

Aug 19 Pres. Sisi calls for preemptive measures to discourage terrorism as 50 clerics met in a conference to discuss extremist fatwas http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138106.aspx

Aug 18 #ISIS-affiliated Wilayat Sinai claimed responsibility for an IED attack against a troop carrier that injured two near Sheikh Zuweid #Egypt

Aug 18 Egypt’s forces on high alert at Libyan border after Libyan border guards disappear http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/138078/Egypt/Politics-/High-alert-issued-along-EgyptLibya-borders.aspx

Egypt: Security, Terrorism, Sinai Update for Aug. 1 – 17, 2015

17 Aug

Aug. 17 Wilayet Sinai, claim to have targeted an army APC near a ‘gas station’ south of Sheikh Zuweid (Joe Gulhane, no source given to me – if provided will list)

Aug 17 Police officer dies from injuries in last Monday’s bombing #Egypt and #AjnadMisr
claims responsibility http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/138099.aspx

Aug 17 New anti-terrorism laws in #Egypt: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-33955894

Aug 17 Omar Ashour criticizes the Egyptian governments campaign in the Sinai and repression. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-33905477

Aug 16 A draft law to end penalties on journalists has been revealed. How this elides with the new penalties on contradicting government sources in the antiterrorism laws is unclear. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=941b70ff-f377-4d0f-ae8c-b7f296f452ce
Aug. 16 #Egypt’s Min. of Interior says it has broken up 3 #MuslimBrotherhood cells. http://linkis.com/www.kuna.net.kw/I6vaq

Aug. 16 The Egyptian military is continuing its operations near the Libyan border. https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/705497959581189

Aug 16 Online statement attributed to a group calling itself Tahrir Brigades, claims to be defected officers, claimed Barakat assassination

Aug. 16 North #Sinai court returns to #Sinai fllwing 3 mo. relocation due to terrorist
attacks. #Egypt http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/court-returns-sinai-after-relocation-prompted-judges-killings

Aug 16 Body of Palestinian man from Rafah found near the border this morning. http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=767069&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

Aug 15 #Rabaa protests had low turnout – some arrests; in contrast to online activism #Egypt http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/16/rabaa-al-adaweya-anniversary-protests-weak-on-the-street-strong-online/

Aug. 15 #Russia gives #Egypt a Molniya missile corvette http://www.mfs-theothernews.com/2015/08/russia-donates-egypt-molniya-missile.html?http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mfs-theothernews.com%2Ffeeds%2Fposts%2Fdefault=

Aug. 13 Egypt confiscates assets of the chairman of Juhayna for ties to the Muslim Brotherhood. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d0878294-cf7d-4f8c-8b97-14bd62e13dd9

Aug. 13/Aug 12 ISIS in Egypt (Wilayat Sinai) beheaded a Croatian captive , Tomislav Salopek http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/africa/article4525449.ece?CMP=Spklr-_-Editorial-_-TWITTER-_-thetimes-_-20150813-_-World-_-221489122&linkId=16251624
And http://www.wsj.com/articles/islamic-state-affiliate-claims-beheading-of-croatian-hostage-1439380416

Aug 12 A policeman was killed today in #Fayoum, south of Cairo, in #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=fc269383-bcb0-4f07-ad20-5b9220ac06bb

Aug 11 253 sentenced in abstentia to life in prison for committing violence in Beheira http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=19878b57-f813-49b2-ad6b-8b44b4d09be1

Aug 11 Badie referred to court in a new trial http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9189cc36-6e6f-41cd-8dfd-16e457f40fcf

Aug. 12 #Egypt Apache war helicopter strikes vehicle in Al-Kharroubah village, S. Sheikh Zwayyed, N.Sinai killing 3 Daesh-affiliate members aboard

Aug 12 Curfew hours reduced in al-#Arish #Sinai #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/137688.aspx

Aug 12 Alaa Selim (photojournalist) found dead in Abu Taweela village near Shaykh Zuwayd, circumstances unclear http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/12/photojournalist-found-dead-in-sheikh-zuweid/

Aug 11 New York Times Editorial (which has published numerous scathing critiques of Egypt’s government) wants the #MFO out of the #Sinai. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/opinion/time-to-reassess-sinai-peacekeeping-force.html?_r=0

Aug 10 Ten persons were recommended to receive death sentences, so their cases go to the Grand Mufti for his opinion http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=04eead09-da99-4563-aeac-cd1af623cbf3

Aug 10 IED blast injures 3 persons outside a court in Heliopolis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=559102ff-5a26-448c-bc20-76f8e27e0ffc

Aug 9 2 killed in clashes between security forces and group of armed men in #Suez #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=78b452d5-080f-49c8-b2ed-f09c9a13cfe2

Aug 9 Revolutionary Punishment group claims attack in El-Sinnuris near ‪#Fayoum‬‬ earlier today. ‪#‎Egypt‬‬ https://t.co/JaEzkR4VVg

Aug 9 World’s largest container ship, the Marstel Maersk crosses the new Suez Canal http://www.thecairopost.com/news/163394/business/worlds-largest-container-ship-marstal-maersk-crosses-new-suez-canal

Aug 9 Policeman killed in al-Arish after a different officer in the same position was killed. http://sinai24.com/%D9%85%D9%82%D8%AA%D9%84-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%AB-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AB-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%A3%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1-%D9%85/

Aug 9 A bomb targeted an armored vehicle in northern Sinai killing 2 security personnel, injuring 3 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d0f81e14-3181-4794-8ecb-a993c888e6dc

Aug 8 18 militants were killed over the last 2 days’ shelling of Shaykh Zuweid and Rafah – reportedly by Apaches http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=85e95039-84e4-45da-a93d-dc7ed6b1a62e

Aug 7 Fears mount for the fate of the Croation hostage seized in 22 of July – interesting detail, his driver was released. http://www.iphone.afp.com/afpv3/AFP_V3/News/JI/D4/newsmlmmd.urn.newsml.afp.com.20150806.doc.3v6i4.htm

Aug 6 Raid on a farm in Sanoris in Fayoum – five are killed. A report from Aug 9 including some controversial details http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/08/09/extra-judicial-execution-the-story-of-the-fayoum-five/

Aug 6
#Egypt N.#Sinai / Army Helicopter targets 35 #Hamas terrorists in a smuggling tunnel with #Gaza http://albawabhnews.com/1432179

Aug 6 The new Suez Canal (which took only one year instead of five to complete) was celebrated with an inaugural ceremony. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VS1GEtPOARY

Aug 5 ISIS affiliate (Wilayat Sinai) has threatened to kill a Croatian hostage in 48 hours. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/08/05/us-egypt-islamic-state-hostage-idUSKCN0QA20U20150805

Aug 4 Five civilians killed when their house was shelled during clashes in northern Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d6701104-3dfb-4d98-81c0-c28c86df8d13

Aug 4 Unidentified gunmen killed a policeman standing guard outside a police station in Sharqiyya http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=78fde49a-01a6-4fd0-9ae5-2384431c2176

Aug. 2 Army says it has killed 88 suspected militants in the Sinai between July 20 and July 31 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=45a7499f-d862-474d-b970-706b58ba3643

Aug 2 Car owned by Judge Moh. Abdullah Abbas (al-Khanka court) explodes from bomb. No injuries #Egypt http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2015/08/02/2061488

Aug 1. Egypt’s army says it has killed a leading figure in Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=abd5b813-585b-472d-868a-256af7938c8d
http://www.i24news.tv/en/news/international/middle-east/80598-150802-egypt-kills-leading-is-militant-in-sinai

Interview with Sherifa Zuhur on Counterterrorism/COIN in Egypt and Beyond

5 Aug

I just was interviewed by journalist Yasser Khalil.  The interview will likely be available in Arabic and offered at Sahafy Online (https://sahafyonline.com)  for outlets interested in publishing it.   A little bit of this discussion is based on my current book draft on Egypt (there is a chapter on the Sinai campaign) .

Sherifa azZuhur Arabi

Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley

August 5, 2015

– What do you think about the Egypt’s strategy in fighting terrorism? Is it sufficient enough to end up the terrorism in the country?

 

Egypt is using a combination of counterterrorism (CT) and counterinsurgency (COIN) approaches.  It faces terrorism in the northern Sinai peninsula, but also in/near Suez and on Egypt’s mainland as well as acts of sabotage on electricity towers and assassinations of public figures such as the Chief Prosecutor, the late Hisham Barakat.    In the Sinai, Egypt’s military had to cease cooperating with the limitations prevailing under the Camp David Accords by which only civil police are to operate in zone C.  While these restrictions are lifted now, that insurgency has longstanding roots going back to 2003-2004.

 

Elsewhere the criminalization of terrorist groups and those engaging or calling for violence is an important aspect of the campaign.  So too, are efforts at antiterrorism (terrorism prevention) in which the roots of extremism are to be attacked by al-Azhar, and mainstream Muslim institutions, although there isn’t much agreement about the shape of such reforms.

 

Both CT and COIN rely on military eradication of terrorists which in turn relies on intelligence and police work.  In addition, both approaches also employ the ‘non-military’ tools of war; CT calls for developing antiterrorism programs and COIN requires bolstering of state power and appealing to local populations support the state’s objections.  These tools, or methods are informational, economic and political/diplomatic.

 

– Is this strategy different from the one USA uses?

These are two approaches, not one grand strategy and the US is currently, under Obama, downgrading CT and COIN efforts, but it has not successfully defined a strategy toward terrorism either in the wake of 9/11 nor today.

 

Egypt’s efforts reflect those of national militaries to contain terrorism in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and elsewhere, but there are some differences, for example, the above-mentioned problem of an insurgency in a hinterland where the military were initially constrained.  Also,  the Sinai extremists used the fall of president Morsi, who they also considered an apostate (and they condemned the Muslim Brotherhood for participating in Egypt’s political system) as a rallying cause and the combination of their violence and that of other groups, some allied to them on the mainland somewhat magnifies the impact of attempted violence.  Egypt’s tourism sector has been hurt by this violence along with the perception of volatility in the post-revolutionary environment, although there has been some recovery of late.  Also the jihadist movements are international, the Wilayat Sinai breakaway from the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis allied with the Islamic State (in Iraq and Syria, i.e. ISiS) because of the propaganda (or informational) value and it has links with groups in Libya — which are therefore another threat to Egypt. The presence of the MFO (Multinational Force of Observers) in the Sinai means that there could be a threat to that body.  The alienation of the bedouin in the Sinai from the central government is another special factor to consider; this is the result of land ownership policies as well as the counterterrorist response to violence in the Sinai from 2004 – 2011.

 

 

– Both countries couldn’t end up terrorism till now, in spite of the long war against it. Why?

 

Terrorism is not a phenomenon that will be soon ended, nor is it sui generis.  Egypt and the United States continue to face terrorism, so too, all humans are hurt by it since it was used by the Zealots and others in ancient history.  Terrorism is a tactic, and the perpetrators have political and religiopolitical aims.  They can be discouraged from using this tactic, by the use military force and repression, and simultaneous anti-terrorism or anti-insurgency programs and actions of the state.

 

The previous U.S. Department of Defense name for this – the Long War – is probably an accurate name.  Al-Qa’ida as well as the ISIS, ABM, Wilayat Sinai AQAP, AQIM, Shabab etc. have a long-term grand strategy. Nonetheless,  Egypt’s battle in the Sinai with such groups is winnable —  and it is not facing a popular insurgency in the mainland, as for example existed in Vietnam.

 

If the Egyptian government had fought as ruthlessly as possible, then it’s possible the conflict might be a shorter one, but as Pres. Sisi himself noted, the public concern for human rights limits the use of tactics which might eradicate such groups  And admittedly, the security forces have not undergone reforms in that regard, and they are facing an enemy using extremely brutal tactics towards them and civilians who are thought to be cooperating with the Egyptian military and police.

 

– There are violations for human rights in both countries’ experiences in this field, is it necessary to violate human rights while fighting terrorism? How we can avoid that if it’s possible?

 

Yes, there are violations of human rights by both militaries and also by police in the U.S.  – use of body cameras (introduced in San Francisco & to be used in Egypt), education, enforcement of proper standards in prisoner treatment are all requisites.   It’s up to the leadership to insist on such standards in all militaries and police forces.

 

Some believe that human rights are violated by the use of emergency laws and military courts.

 

**Under Presidents Mubarak and Sadat, the use of emergency laws tended to constrain the development of democracy, however, today, nearly all countries have crafted specific terrorism laws which tend to diverge from civil procedures.   In Egypt, a big debate still exists over the “protest law” which is intended to control spontaneous and potentially violent demonstrations.  I think it is entirely reasonable to oppose extrajudicial rendition, torture, and unjust procedures as we saw in Guantanamo and at Abu Ghraib, and also to support harsh legal consequences for acts of terrorism.  The Egyptian system of criminal law differs from that in the U.S., but as far as I can see both aim to deter as well as punish offenders.  The application of emergency law within the buffer area in the Sinai, which has, for example, utilized curfews certainly seemed to be a necessity in that campaign.

 

 

 

– What about the privacy issues? This war made the people’s privacy is nearly zero. Is that justified and acceptable in your opinion?   **I need more clarification of this question in order to answer it

 

 

– In 1970s to 1990s Egypt was using the security solutions in fighting terrorism, it could defeat some terrorists but not terrorism. Will Egypt need more 2 decades to reach the same result?

 

**There is no division between “security solutions” and other solutions – let us say, “development or aid solutions.”  One cannot develop an area like the Sinai or upper Egypt if armed terrorist groups operate freely, moving to assassinate local police or officials in their homes or their vehicles, importing weapons and obtaining cash from outside of Egypt.

 

As stated above, “security” has to be seen holistically – it also concerns preserving the safety and security of citizens and their government.   Terrorists attack civilians and symbols of the state to try to sway other citizens into treating them as a pseudo-state (thus, the very name, Islamic State).  The Egyptian government has much to overcome, but the employment of many Sinai residents in the new Suez Canal project is a boost to security, as is the awarding of reparations to those forced to leave Rafah during the buffer operation.  Security and trust must be constructed on all fronts at the same time – through forums or meetings with the public, assurance that economic needs will be met and controls over the known security gaps – for ex. the hundreds of tunnels into Gaza or the communications between Sinai and Libyan militants.

 

 

 

– The terrorism is getting more brutality if we compared between the old militants (such as Al-Qaeda) and the new ones such as ISIS. What is the reason in your opinion?

 

In my opinion, the al-Qa’ida mother-ship group (the original group) under bin Ladin and Zawahiri learned that the use of extremely brutal tactics and sectarian attacks caused the public to hate and fear it and thus damage the long-term aims of such groups.  Bin Ladin was said to oppose attacks on the Shi`a, either because of this counter-productive response or because his neosalafist mentors coming from the Muslim Brotherhood exiles in Saudi Arabia and those they impacted did so.  al-Zawahiri opposed the attacks on Shi`a in Iraq by al-Qa’ida affiliate groups as well.

 

The Islamic State and Nusra in Syria and Iraq used both carrot and stick approaches, but the media tends to cover their brutal actions and focus less on other factors such as family relationships, actions of revenge and propaganda (public executions).  Like the ABM or WS in the Sinai, they count on the insecurity of the local population and the fact that it is gauging the dangers of cooperating with the state versus themselves.

 

 

– How the security sciences and the applications of those sciences developed since 1990s (especially regarding the war on terrorism)?

 

We should speak of philosophy, theory and practical approaches rather than “sciences.”  The study of war and conflict tends to draw on those maxims or precepts which seem to apply over time.  However, the means of war and technology have altered the applicability of such concepts.

 

We now possess technologically superior gaming facilities, but the best tool remains the imagination and through red-teaming to consider the most likely set of threats or scenarios and second effects resulting from actions taken.

 

There are therefore, some new takes on terrorism which arise from older concepts, so for example, material concerning 4th generation warfare; or the Clausewitzian notion of center(s) of gravity which, in today’s terrorist environment are diffused.   The psychological aspects of terrorism have also been studied with the aim of constructing better antiterrorist responses, or to use specific language, preventing the “slippery slope” to violence.    We now must be concerned with so-called lone wolf or sleeper attacks and the coordination of many terrorist groups outside controllable channels.

 

The relationship between foreign policy goals and aims to control or eradicate terrorism is also being scrutinized by those who are interested in grand strategy.

 

 

– Some opinions say that the security solutions is not enough to end up the terrorism, there is a need for intellectuals to play a rule in fighting terrorist ideas, it’s also war of thoughts.. do you agree with that?

 

**Yes, I agree but there is no point in constructing or insisting on one form of propaganda simply to counter another.   The intellectual war on terrorism has also faltered because we cannot promote freedom – freedom of thought and civil responsibility by accepting a vision of an Islamic society which is not free, but which merely eschews (rejects) violence against the state.

 

For example, the large Salafiyya Jihad movement in the Sinai are not all involved in terrorism, but they promote a conservative social vision which is unfair to some members of society (for ex. women).  In the United States, many of our Muslim organizations which claim to oppose terrorism “from a Muslim perspective” have a similar vision and therefore do not represent a true reform of the type needed.

 

 

– If you are writing a “prescription” to the world leaders to cure the earth planet from terrorism (even, to some extent), what will you write in it?

 

**I would say that seeing terrorism as an illness for which there is a cure is a mistake.  Remember that terrorism is merely a tactic of war.

 

Understanding and vigorously countering the aims and claims of terrorists with regard to the use of jihad, takfir, wala wa-l-bara, and their overall conception of a world in which Muslims should battle all others is key.

 

Supporting intelligence to discover the sources of arms and funding is also key.

 

Building confidence in a world and local communities where equal opportunities exist is most certainly key to convincing local populations to accept the authority of their own governments.

 

And the use of force – what you called in this interview, the security solution – is also very much a key and is going to require regional cooperation, not only between Egypt and Saudi Arabia as in this summer’s Cairo Declarations, but beyond.  Many political circumstances have led to the growth and expansion of terrorist groups – in Syria, Libya, Yemen, Egypt, the GCC, Iraq, Jordan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and beyond as well as their funders and supporters elsewhere.  De facto arrangements allowing them to remain in certain locations is no solution at all.

 

Terrorism and Counterterrorism in Egypt’s Sinai and beyond: July 1 – July 15, 2015

15 Jul

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and Egypt’s military issued conflicting statements on the attack on the Qattamiyya-Suez road http://www.madamasr.com/news/military-province-sinai-give-conflicting-accounts-qattamiya-suez-road-attack?utm_medium=twitter&utm_s

July 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, claimed Wednesday’s truck bomb attack on the (Qattamiyya-) Suez road in which a suicide bomber was killed. (in other reports, appears as a huge explosion) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=bdb631bb-566c-4ae3-bf62-4d8f1987c1f3

July 15 198 were referred to military judiciary for terrorist crimes http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=259fc268-d86a-4923-988b-7c5df8db7e6b

July 15 The German embassy in Cairo closed after receiving threats of a car bomb http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/german-embassy-closed-over-car-bomb-threats
July 15 Quran reader, Mohammed Gebreel not allwd travel to #UK & banned from Quran reading after speaking out against #Egypt’s govt. (sources like Tariq Ramadan praise him) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135448.aspx

July 15 Rabaa al-Adawiyya Square will be renamed for Hisham Barakat, the assassinated prosecutor general http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=678b2dbb-fb7a-47a9-a9c7-1c80d612fd95

July 15 A policeman was killed in an armed attack on a checkpoint in Remaya Square in Haram. 3 gunmen arrested (Youm 7) https://twitter.com/youm7/status/621317483828498432
July 15 #Sinai bedouin and the fight against #terrorists #Egypt http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/15/us-egypt-islam-sinai-specialreport-idUSKCN0PP0UD20150715

July 14 Twenty-five killed and 30 injured in a counterattack by Egypt’s army against a group that targeted a checkpoint in Shaykh Zuwayd https://twitter.com/Elassy25jan/status/621052250518089728

July 14 Curfew hours in northern Sinai will be shortened during the Eid al-Fitr http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135408.aspx

July 14 State of #Sinai claimed the bombing of two #Egypt military vehicles, including one near Gora airport.

July 14 Egypt’s authorities have identified 3 persons as the bombers of the Italian consulate in Cairo – two from Beni Suef and one from Fayyoum http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/Egypt-Identifies-Three-Italian-Consulate-Bombers/2015/07/14/article2919669.ece

July 13 People stop a church service & demand the church’s demolition in Abu Kerkas in Minya http://en.sectarianattacks.com/attacks/289-extremists-stop-church-service-and-demand-church-demolition-in-minya

July 13 Two of the defendents in the Shura Council trial were given 3 year sentences. They had been charged in abstentia but turned themselves in. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a5c686c8-7a18-482b-94a3-34d48db92c52
July 12 #Egypt bans 4×4 vehicles in #Sinai fighting zones. The bedouin often drive 4x4s & SUVs. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/135217.aspx
July 11 Huge explosion outside Italy’s consulate in #Cairo kills at least one – with a charge of roughly 250 kg of TNT!
#Egypt http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/12/world/middleeast/egypt-bombing-at-italian-consulate-in-cairo.html?_r=0

July 10 Army kills 2 suspected militants in Shaykh Zuwayd and destroyed an explosive warehouse http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9fd06b6c-b375-4d4c-aef0-2c06844259e0

July 9 21 police personnel injured in roadside bomb in Arish http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Regions/details/2015/7/9/616194/%D8%A5%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%A9-21-%D8%B4%D8%B1%D8%B7%D9%8A-%D8%A5%D8%AB%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%A9-%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%81%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D9%85%D9%8A%D9%83%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B5-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B4-?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=facebook_promoted&utm_campaign=areshs
July 8 Hamas’ military wing, Izz al-Din al-Qassam brigades are aiding ISIS (ABM) in the Sinai, while cracking down on ISIS in Gaza http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Analysis-Hamas-playing-double-game-with-ISIS-408428

July 8 Mortar round kills five Egyptians in Sinai and 4 injured http://ara.tv/cr3ef
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=1da8cd53-0cad-46ec-afc8-a40df1aea83d
July 7 Fourteen NGOS dissolved for #MuslimBrotherhood connections #Egypt #Ikhwan http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/14-ngos-dissolved-over-alleged-brotherhood-links

July 7 100 activists arrested for unauthorized protesting will be released on the Eid al-Adha. http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/765364

July 7 Explosion near a court in #Beheira today and five injured. #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134735.aspx

July 6 241 militants in the Sinai killed over the last 5 days says Army spokesman http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b5beddf3-d233-4cc6-a25e-48ded1d1573a

July 5. New major tunnel found in Rafah and Egypt’s military kills some ABM militants inside https://twitter.com/su_za_naa/status/617683944151121920
July 5 Egypt’s military launches air strikes and has killed 63 militants this week http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/05/us-egypt-security-idUSKCN0PF0LS20150705
July 4 Three children and a woman are killed in military air strikes on terrorists in Shaykh Zuwayd http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/07/civilians-killed-egypt-sinai-battles-150704133045922.html

July 4 SkynewsArabia Breaking: says 2 civilians dead and one soldier injured in Sheikh Zoweid, Sinai, due to a bomb explosion
July 4 Egypts army just foiled new attempt to muggle 500klg shipment of explosives via one tunnel S. Rafah crossing point.
July 4 Bomb planted under Fayoum Investigation police chief has been defused |
July 3 #MB supporters block Sudan street in #Cairo, set tires on fire; security forces dispersed them… #Egypt Security forces dispersed 3 Muslim Brotherhood marches today http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=95465130-c052-450e-b385-2085ce75300f

July 3 A somewhat exaggerated picture of protests in Matariyya in Cairo http://www.middleeasteye.net/in-depth/features/two-years-morsi-s-overthrow-protests-held-poor-cairo-neighbourhood-1167038832

July 3 A protester is killed in a march in Maadi https://twitter.com/adeleissa1/status/616991931743211520
July 3 35 militants killed in #ShaykhZuwayd and #Rafah yesterday. #Sinai #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=dbfbb4c3-15a8-4dcf-a3b1-f10c1097285e

July 2 People in #Minya accuse a #Copt of changing his home into a church. #Egypt #sectarianism http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762226
July 2 Ehab Sheeha, head of Asala Party, swears on TV that if Sisi is not killed, Egyptians will face dark upcoming days. (via @virtualactivism)

July 2 Police raided an apartment and killed 13 Muslim Brotherhood members. In response, Muslim Brotherhood called for an uprising. Also, 75 female students were suspended from al-Azhar on charges of violence & conspiring against the university – http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/07/egypt-brotherhood-urges-revolt-members-killed-150702042115515.html
http://www.usnews.com/news/world/articles/2015/07/01/the-latest-militant-attacks-in-egypts-sinai-kill-30-troops
July 2 Head of Cairo University shuts down the University’s small mosques (zawyas) to prevent the spreading of radical thought http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Egypt/details/2015/7/2/612345/%D8%A5%D8%BA%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%B2%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A9-%D8%A8%D9%83%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A9-%D9%88%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%81%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%89-?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter

July 2 #Egypt|ian air strikes kill 23 militants in northern #Sinai http://tribune.com.pk/story/913612/egyptian-air-strikes-kill-23-militants-in-north-sinai-sources/

July 2 Longest battle fought by Egyptian military against terrorists in #ShaykhZuwayd http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/0/134324/Egypt/0/The-longest-battle-in-North-Sinai-Egypts-army-figh.aspx
July 1 #Egypt Army Statement: Egypt army killed at least 100 terrorists in N. #Sinai, destroyed 20 vehicles, and the army lost 17 soldiers; Egyptian army also deployed reinforcements in Rafah, closed all roads going out of the city & began the hunt for terrorists. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3cb4fbf9-b68c-4b95-9d9c-3bad4254d3f8

July 1 During the day, militants surrounded the Shaykh Zuwayd police station – other reports claimed they held the town (that was inaccurate). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/01/update-we-are-under-siege-sheikh-zuweid-police-officer/
July 1 Sound bomb explodes in #Aswan, #Egypt none hurt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762009

July 1 One of the multiple attacks in northern #Sinai involved a car bomb which killed 11 (in total 30+) http://news.sky.com/story/1511324/car-bomb-blast-kills-11-soldiers-in-egypt

July 1 (Numbers ranged from 30+ to 50 to 64) of Egypt’s soldiers killed in the Sinai and dozens injured in multiple attacks http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/07/01/30-soldiers-killed-in-egypts-north-sinai/
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/01/30-dead-after-islamic-militants-attack-egyptian-army-checkpoints/

#Egypt’s War on Terrorism: June 15 – July 1, 2015

2 Jul

July 1 #Egypt Army Statement: Egypt army killed at least 100 terrorists in N. #Sinai, destroyed 20 vehicles, and the army lost 17 soldiers; Egyptian army also deployed reinforcements in Rafah, closed all roads going out of the city & began the hunt for terrorists. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3cb4fbf9-b68c-4b95-9d9c-3bad4254d3f8

July 1 During the day, militants surrounded the Shaykh Zuwayd police station – other reports claimed they held the town (that was inaccurate). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/01/update-we-are-under-siege-sheikh-zuweid-police-officer/

 

 

July 1   Sound bomb explodes in #Aswan#Egypt none hurt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762009

 

July 1 One of the multiple attacks in northern #Sinai involved a car bomb which killed 11 (in total 30+) http://news.sky.com/story/1511324/car-bomb-blast-kills-11-soldiers-in-egypt

 

July 1 (Numbers ranged from 30+ to 50 to 64) of Egypt’s soldiers killed in the Sinai and dozens injured in multiple attacks http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/07/01/30-soldiers-killed-in-egypts-north-sinai/

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/01/30-dead-after-islamic-militants-attack-egyptian-army-checkpoints/

 

 

June 30 President Sisi speaks to the nation and with the family members of the assassinated Minister of Justice, Hisham Barakat   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i969_aiGJhQ&sns=fb

June 30 Gunmen shoot dead #Egyptian policeman outside the Helwan Wax Museum, south Cairo

 

June 30 Car bomb near 6th police station, Body parts found casualties reported. http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/30/%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%81%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%8A%D8%B7-%D9%82%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86-6-%D8%A3%D9%83%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%AB%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A3%D8%B4%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B6%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%8A/2247301#.VZLY8O1Vikp

 

June 30 Security forces have arrested a 23 year old man who wrote that the Giza Popular Resistance Brigades was responsible for the death of Hisham Barakat http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134182.aspx Earlier article concerned the group http://www.tahrirnews.com/posts/245614 Also reports that 40 others were detained for investigation.

 

June 30 Two bombs exploded in #6th_of_October on #Egypt‘s second anniversary of 6/30  http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/06/30/two-bomb-explosions-resonate-through-6th-of-october/ Giza police say 52 bombs were planted near high power electricity towers all of which exploded but only 4 towers were demolished.

 

 

June 30 Policeman killed, 2 wounded in Beni Suef shooting http://amay.link/OYEGp 

June 30 Two dead and 13 injured as a bomb hit a vehicle carrying Transport Authority staff on a road between al-Arish and Shaykh Zuwayd http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/30/2-dead-13-injured-in-bomb-attack-on-transport-authority-staff/

 

June 29 Hisham Barakat succumbed to his wounds and died today. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/29/middleeast/egypt-top-prosecutor-explosion/index.html

 

June 29 Bomb explodes killing general manager of highways(?) and 2 others in north Sinai; 9 others injured   (also reported above)

 

June 29 Three killed and 13 injured in bomb attack in northern Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134062.aspx

 

 

June 29 Ikhwan leader Akram Kassab says murder of judges, police and army is a ‘sharia’ [legitimate] necessity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=17&v=nNQk3u23KD4

 

June 28 An explosion hit the Prosecutor General’s car and procession but the assassination attempt failed (initially – later he died)   Two security personnel & a civilian wounded in this attack on Hisham Barakat  http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/egypt-s-public-prosecutor-targeted-in-bomb-attack-1.3131476?cmp=rss&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

 

 

June 28 Bomb exploded outside Qasr al-Nil station in Garden City next to Saudi Consulate #Cairo  #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/763827

 

June 28 3 IED att (Aswan; Cairo); 24 IEDs def; 42 terr susp arrest.

 

June 27 Assailants set a Giza traffic office on fire with Molotov cocktails http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/28/traffic-office-torched-in-giza/

 

June 27 IED att (Beheira); 2 IED def (Beheira; N.Sinai); 30 terr susp arrest.

 

 

June 27 Bomb went off as attackers were riding a motorbike to go plant it at a Damanhour bus stop – killing both of them and damaging a bus https://twitter.com/youm7/status/614883294849703936

 

June 26 IED att; 1 IED def (Asyut); 1 arm att (N.Sinai-1 civ kill 1 kidn); 30-48 terr susp arrest

 

 

June 26 10 suspected militants killed in northern Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=4a3242d5-17b6-47e5-a3de-f0426ef5d986

 

une 26 Ansar Morsi/pro #MB clash with police in their Friday style #Matariyya #Egypt http://elwatannews.com/news/details/758022

 

June 26 IED explosion halts trains between #Alexandria and #Cairo. No injuries. #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133754/Egypt/Politics-/Bomb-explosion-halts-trains-between-Cairo-and-Alex.aspx

 

June 25 9 pro-#Morsi ‘Revolutionary Punishment’ group mbrs arrested 4 killing a man in Helwan & publishing a video of his execution online

 

June 24 Article based on anonymous sources by ANONYMOUS (not for the first time in the Monitor) in the Sinai claiming that the death sentences for Morsi et al. will heighten violence in the Sinai. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/06/egypt-sinai-muslim-brotherhood-terrorism-death-sentences.html

 

June 24 ISIS affiliate in Sinai releases pictures of one of its religious classes. https://twitter.com/search?q=Sinai&src=typd

 

June 23 On terrorism’s challenge to Egypt – back in the ‘90s and at present. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/back-to-the-bad-old-days

 

 

June 23 State Commissioners recommends dual citizens banned from owning #Sinai lands #Egypt More: http://ow.ly/OK2wA  pic.twitter.com/nB1kjbZC06

 

 

June 22 8 policemen & civilians wounded after 2 explosions in #Arish #Sinai #Egypt http://www.lbcgroup.tv/news/219369/blasts-in-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilian

 

June 22 22 militants killed in #Shaykh Zuwayd – 16 of them ‘gathering outside of mosque” http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b13931b2-dcc1-46f8-a384-92f4f014c277   http://news.yahoo.com/blasts-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilians-security-072847342.html

 

June 22 Min. of Interior says a major plot to bomb Cairo –Upper Egypt train was thwarted http://www.coptstoday.com/Hot-Issues/Detail.php?Id=116653

 

June 22 Egypt’s army dug a trench along the border with Israel to prevent further tunnel construction. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7ccc2100-d0e1-4e77-a66f-6579edc73c29

 

 

June 22 Germany releases Egyptian journalist Mansour, sentenced to 15 years in abstentia in Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133417.aspx

 

June 19 A policeman was injured when attackers threw an IED at his home in al-Arish. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133168.aspx

 

June 19 Clashes between Muslim Brotherhood supporters and security forces in Sharqiyya and one student – who was a passerby – was killed. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133184.aspx

 

June 18 Wilayat Sinai admits its leader Abul Qaaqaa al-Muhajir was killed in April raids in Arish http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/sinai-province-admits-senior-member-killed-arish-april

 

June 17 Army says it foiled a major attack and killed 7 suspected terrorists #Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133003/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt-army-says-it-foiled-attack,-killed–terroris.aspx

 

June 17 Police officer killed, 3 injured in roadside bomb #Sinai (#Egypt http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155877/news/police-officer-killed-3-soldiers-injured-in-roadside-bomb-in-sinai Another attack took place earlier. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132971.aspx

 

 

June 17 165 arrested/detained youth were released for the occasion of Ramadan http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133002.aspx

 

June 16 Morsi’s death sentence was upheld in same trial in which he and 16 others received life imprisonment for spying for Hamas and IRGC. www.thecairopost.com/news/155732/news/breaking-morsis-death-sentence-over-prison-break-upheld

 

June 16 Egyptian militants pledged allegiance to ISIS during their trial in Cairo. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132925.aspx

 

 

June 15 Police captain’s home torched in Maadi https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/a.426654834107094.1073742478.122306507875263/720454328060475/?type=1&theater

 

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

 

 

June 15 Power station of the weaving factory in Gharbiyya set on fire.

 

June 15 Minister of Defense, Sedki Sobhi attended graduation ceremonies at Egyptian Command and Staff College http://en.arabstoday.net/news/arabworld/egypts-defence-minister-attends-graduation-ceremony-of-army-college.html

 

 

June 15 Explosion destroys a 4th high energy electricity tower in Oseem, north of Giza. 2 others defused. Three towers collapsed in two bombings: http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155661/news/3-giza-transmission-towers-collapse-in-twin-bomb-attacks

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=59fc02a6-3b21-4ec8-aa0c-ea88f0060987