Tag Archives: Ikhwan

#Egypt’s War on Terrorism: June 15 – July 1, 2015

2 Jul

July 1 #Egypt Army Statement: Egypt army killed at least 100 terrorists in N. #Sinai, destroyed 20 vehicles, and the army lost 17 soldiers; Egyptian army also deployed reinforcements in Rafah, closed all roads going out of the city & began the hunt for terrorists. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3cb4fbf9-b68c-4b95-9d9c-3bad4254d3f8

July 1 During the day, militants surrounded the Shaykh Zuwayd police station – other reports claimed they held the town (that was inaccurate). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/07/01/update-we-are-under-siege-sheikh-zuweid-police-officer/

 

 

July 1   Sound bomb explodes in #Aswan#Egypt none hurt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/762009

 

July 1 One of the multiple attacks in northern #Sinai involved a car bomb which killed 11 (in total 30+) http://news.sky.com/story/1511324/car-bomb-blast-kills-11-soldiers-in-egypt

 

July 1 (Numbers ranged from 30+ to 50 to 64) of Egypt’s soldiers killed in the Sinai and dozens injured in multiple attacks http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/07/01/30-soldiers-killed-in-egypts-north-sinai/

http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/07/01/30-dead-after-islamic-militants-attack-egyptian-army-checkpoints/

 

 

June 30 President Sisi speaks to the nation and with the family members of the assassinated Minister of Justice, Hisham Barakat   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i969_aiGJhQ&sns=fb

June 30 Gunmen shoot dead #Egyptian policeman outside the Helwan Wax Museum, south Cairo

 

June 30 Car bomb near 6th police station, Body parts found casualties reported. http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/30/%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%81%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%8A%D8%B7-%D9%82%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86-6-%D8%A3%D9%83%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%AB%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A3%D8%B4%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%B6%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%8A/2247301#.VZLY8O1Vikp

 

June 30 Security forces have arrested a 23 year old man who wrote that the Giza Popular Resistance Brigades was responsible for the death of Hisham Barakat http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134182.aspx Earlier article concerned the group http://www.tahrirnews.com/posts/245614 Also reports that 40 others were detained for investigation.

 

June 30 Two bombs exploded in #6th_of_October on #Egypt‘s second anniversary of 6/30  http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/06/30/two-bomb-explosions-resonate-through-6th-of-october/ Giza police say 52 bombs were planted near high power electricity towers all of which exploded but only 4 towers were demolished.

 

 

June 30 Policeman killed, 2 wounded in Beni Suef shooting http://amay.link/OYEGp 

June 30 Two dead and 13 injured as a bomb hit a vehicle carrying Transport Authority staff on a road between al-Arish and Shaykh Zuwayd http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/30/2-dead-13-injured-in-bomb-attack-on-transport-authority-staff/

 

June 29 Hisham Barakat succumbed to his wounds and died today. http://www.cnn.com/2015/06/29/middleeast/egypt-top-prosecutor-explosion/index.html

 

June 29 Bomb explodes killing general manager of highways(?) and 2 others in north Sinai; 9 others injured   (also reported above)

 

June 29 Three killed and 13 injured in bomb attack in northern Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/134062.aspx

 

 

June 29 Ikhwan leader Akram Kassab says murder of judges, police and army is a ‘sharia’ [legitimate] necessity

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=17&v=nNQk3u23KD4

 

June 28 An explosion hit the Prosecutor General’s car and procession but the assassination attempt failed (initially – later he died)   Two security personnel & a civilian wounded in this attack on Hisham Barakat  http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/egypt-s-public-prosecutor-targeted-in-bomb-attack-1.3131476?cmp=rss&utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

 

 

June 28 Bomb exploded outside Qasr al-Nil station in Garden City next to Saudi Consulate #Cairo  #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/763827

 

June 28 3 IED att (Aswan; Cairo); 24 IEDs def; 42 terr susp arrest.

 

June 27 Assailants set a Giza traffic office on fire with Molotov cocktails http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/28/traffic-office-torched-in-giza/

 

June 27 IED att (Beheira); 2 IED def (Beheira; N.Sinai); 30 terr susp arrest.

 

 

June 27 Bomb went off as attackers were riding a motorbike to go plant it at a Damanhour bus stop – killing both of them and damaging a bus https://twitter.com/youm7/status/614883294849703936

 

June 26 IED att; 1 IED def (Asyut); 1 arm att (N.Sinai-1 civ kill 1 kidn); 30-48 terr susp arrest

 

 

June 26 10 suspected militants killed in northern Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=4a3242d5-17b6-47e5-a3de-f0426ef5d986

 

une 26 Ansar Morsi/pro #MB clash with police in their Friday style #Matariyya #Egypt http://elwatannews.com/news/details/758022

 

June 26 IED explosion halts trains between #Alexandria and #Cairo. No injuries. #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133754/Egypt/Politics-/Bomb-explosion-halts-trains-between-Cairo-and-Alex.aspx

 

June 25 9 pro-#Morsi ‘Revolutionary Punishment’ group mbrs arrested 4 killing a man in Helwan & publishing a video of his execution online

 

June 24 Article based on anonymous sources by ANONYMOUS (not for the first time in the Monitor) in the Sinai claiming that the death sentences for Morsi et al. will heighten violence in the Sinai. http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/06/egypt-sinai-muslim-brotherhood-terrorism-death-sentences.html

 

June 24 ISIS affiliate in Sinai releases pictures of one of its religious classes. https://twitter.com/search?q=Sinai&src=typd

 

June 23 On terrorism’s challenge to Egypt – back in the ‘90s and at present. https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/back-to-the-bad-old-days

 

 

June 23 State Commissioners recommends dual citizens banned from owning #Sinai lands #Egypt More: http://ow.ly/OK2wA  pic.twitter.com/nB1kjbZC06

 

 

June 22 8 policemen & civilians wounded after 2 explosions in #Arish #Sinai #Egypt http://www.lbcgroup.tv/news/219369/blasts-in-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilian

 

June 22 22 militants killed in #Shaykh Zuwayd – 16 of them ‘gathering outside of mosque” http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b13931b2-dcc1-46f8-a384-92f4f014c277   http://news.yahoo.com/blasts-egypts-north-sinai-wound-police-civilians-security-072847342.html

 

June 22 Min. of Interior says a major plot to bomb Cairo –Upper Egypt train was thwarted http://www.coptstoday.com/Hot-Issues/Detail.php?Id=116653

 

June 22 Egypt’s army dug a trench along the border with Israel to prevent further tunnel construction. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7ccc2100-d0e1-4e77-a66f-6579edc73c29

 

 

June 22 Germany releases Egyptian journalist Mansour, sentenced to 15 years in abstentia in Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133417.aspx

 

June 19 A policeman was injured when attackers threw an IED at his home in al-Arish. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133168.aspx

 

June 19 Clashes between Muslim Brotherhood supporters and security forces in Sharqiyya and one student – who was a passerby – was killed. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133184.aspx

 

June 18 Wilayat Sinai admits its leader Abul Qaaqaa al-Muhajir was killed in April raids in Arish http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/sinai-province-admits-senior-member-killed-arish-april

 

June 17 Army says it foiled a major attack and killed 7 suspected terrorists #Sinai http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/133003/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt-army-says-it-foiled-attack,-killed–terroris.aspx

 

June 17 Police officer killed, 3 injured in roadside bomb #Sinai (#Egypt http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155877/news/police-officer-killed-3-soldiers-injured-in-roadside-bomb-in-sinai Another attack took place earlier. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132971.aspx

 

 

June 17 165 arrested/detained youth were released for the occasion of Ramadan http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/133002.aspx

 

June 16 Morsi’s death sentence was upheld in same trial in which he and 16 others received life imprisonment for spying for Hamas and IRGC. www.thecairopost.com/news/155732/news/breaking-morsis-death-sentence-over-prison-break-upheld

 

June 16 Egyptian militants pledged allegiance to ISIS during their trial in Cairo. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132925.aspx

 

 

June 15 Police captain’s home torched in Maadi https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/a.426654834107094.1073742478.122306507875263/720454328060475/?type=1&theater

 

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

 

 

June 15 Power station of the weaving factory in Gharbiyya set on fire.

 

June 15 Minister of Defense, Sedki Sobhi attended graduation ceremonies at Egyptian Command and Staff College http://en.arabstoday.net/news/arabworld/egypts-defence-minister-attends-graduation-ceremony-of-army-college.html

 

 

June 15 Explosion destroys a 4th high energy electricity tower in Oseem, north of Giza. 2 others defused. Three towers collapsed in two bombings: http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155661/news/3-giza-transmission-towers-collapse-in-twin-bomb-attacks

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=59fc02a6-3b21-4ec8-aa0c-ea88f0060987

Egypt: Security, CT, Sinai Fighting, June 1 – June 16, 2015

17 Jun

June 16 Morsi’s death sentence was upheld in same trial in which he and 16 others received life imprisonment for spying for Hamas and IRGC. http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155732/news/breaking-morsis-death-sentence-over-prison-break-upheld

June 15 Power station of the weaving factory in Gharbiyya set on fire.

June 15 Minister of Defense, Sedki Sobhi attended graduation ceremonies at Egyptian Command and Staff College http://en.arabstoday.net/news/arabworld/egypts-defence-minister-attends-graduation-ceremony-of-army-college.html

June 15  Police captain’s home set afire in al-Maadi.  https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/a.426654834107094.1073742478.122306507875263/720454328060475/?type=1&theater

June 15 Explosion destroys a 4th high energy electricity tower in Oseem, north of Giza. 2 others defused. Three towers collapsed in two bombings: http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155661/news/3-giza-transmission-towers-collapse-in-twin-bomb-attacks
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=59fc02a6-3b21-4ec8-aa0c-ea88f0060987

 

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 14 1,429 tunnels have been destroyed in Rafah border area in Sinai over the last 18 months. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=7bcda3f3-6a06-4ce3-beeb-e54653e7fa2b

June 14 Violent Egyptian group called Revolutionary Punishment says it has conducted 124 operations, killed 157 and wounded 452 since January https://el3qab.wordpress.com/2015/06/14/%D8%AD%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%AF%D9%85-%D8%A3%D9%8E%D9%85%D9%8E%D8%B1-2/

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 15 A Muslim Brotherhood march has posters calling for Pres. Sisi’s execution https://www.facebook.com/FreedomElMaadi/photos/pcb.720166258089282/720165514756023/?type=1&theater

June 14 The Rafah crossing was opened for three days so that Palestinians could travel in and out of the Gaza strip from (and to) Egypt. The opening could be extended. http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/06/13/us-palestinians-egypt-gaza-idUSKBN0OT0BM20150613?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=twitter
June 14 Fifty-eight alleged Muslim Brotherhood members to be tried in Egypt for terrorism offenses in 2013 and 2014. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132771/Egypt/Politics-/-Islamists-to-stand-military-trial-in-Egypt.aspx
June 14 Three persons attacked the home of a Copt in Mayana village in Beni Suef with Molotov cocktails. http://en.sectarianattacks.com/attacks/276-unknown-assailants-throw-molotov-cocktails-at-coptic-home-in-beni-suef

June 14 “IS affiliate” – claimed it ambushed Egypt’s army and used a Kornet anti-tank missile. (source: Samer al-Atrush) and hacked a government website (source: Joe Gulhane)

June 14 Wilayat Sinai (“IS affiliate) put out a communiqué to Sinai bedouin telling them not to use tractors in/outside Rafah without first communicating with WS because of IEDs. http://www.thecairopost.com/news/155429/news/sinai-province-warns-bedouins-against-using-tractors-to-avoid-ieds

June 13 Court allows an appeal of death sentence for Habara #Sinai militant leader and 15 others who ambushed and killed 25 Egyptian police officers in the Sinai in 2013 #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132651/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Egypt-court-revokes-death-sentence-for-Si.aspx
http://www.foxnews.com/world/2015/06/13/egypt-orders-retrial-for-16-people-accused-killing-25-police-officers-in-sinai/

June 13 #Egypt police say an IED diffused inside Zamalek youth center. In Osim, man shot dead placing IED near police station.

June 13 Military issue statement about a new checkpoint in the Abu Tawila area and thank Sinai residents for assistance in efforts against terrorism: http://www1.el-balad.com/1577686#sthash.yZ9TNNXj.uxfs&st_refDomain=t.co&st_refQuery=/7lZukw5y7e

June 12 A police officer was shot and killed by a lower-ranking policeman he was arresting in Sharqiyya province. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132622/Egypt/Politics-/Egypt-National-Security-officer,-policeman-killed-.aspx
June 11 #ISIS affiliate puts out flyers in #Sinai warning residents not to divert from main roads w/o coordinating with them (IEDs)

June 10 Security personnel killed 6 militants after detonating 2 vehicles – militants had launched mortars at peacekeepers http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=05ee53e4-b458-4bf1-a552-4dbc67c55de7

June 10 Egyptian woman campaign in Moganada Misriya for women to join the military http://www.madamasr.com/sections/politics/let-our-girls-join-our-army-egypts-aspiring-military-women

June 10 IED detonates in Masaeed area, west of al-#Arish, Sinai

June 10 A roadside bomb injured three persons when it hit a civilian bus near Shaykh Zuwayd. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132227/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Roadside-bomb-hits-civilian-bus-in-North-.aspx
English.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132227/Egypt/Politics-/BREAKING-Roadside-bomb-hits-civilian-bus-in-North-aspx
June 10 Russia and Egypt held their first-ever joint naval exercise http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/132450/Egypt/Politics-/Russia-and-Egypt-hold-first-ever-joint-naval-drill.aspx
June 10 Security officer at #US Embassy arrested & authorities say he’s commander of Helwan Brigades #Egypt http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/06/10/security-guard-at-u-s-embassy-in-egypt-arrested-as-a-terrorist.html

June 10 Attack by 3 persons outside Karnak Temple in Luxor. 5 Egyptians injured; 2 of the attackers killed by police, 3rd set off car bomb & was being treated http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/10/2-dead-5-injured-in-luxor-suicide-attack-health-ministry/ First reports were they were Tunisians, but that they were #Egyptians from Minya, Beni Suef & Gharbiyah. #Egypt #Luxor

June 9 Policeman’s house burns in Sinai, IS kills ‘police spy’ http://amay.link/O3WFV

June 9 Armed gunmen fire 7 mortar shells at the small airport south of Shaykh Zuwaid http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/751713
http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSKBN0OP2J120150610?irpc=932
June 9 IED found in Haram tunnel. https://twitter.com/ElwatanNews/status/608417187284566016

June 9 A rocket hit a house in a village near Shaykh Zuwaid killing a child. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=de7a2ecb-4463-4109-b401-35d5f2a6c8d7

June 9 5 militants killed and 12 arrested near Shaykh Zuwaid http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c103855f-a6bf-4660-a736-24fee5497016
June 8 Two militants killed – believed to be Ansar Bayt alMaqdis and 5 arrested near Shaykh Zuwaid http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9da8e5a3-5038-4340-a538-25bc669b5de0

June 8 Masked men torched cars in Mostafa Nahhas St. #NasrCity yest. #Egypt http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/8/%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B3-%D8%A2%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%88%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9–%D9%85%D9%82%D9%86%D8%B9%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B9%D9%88%D9%86-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%A5%D8%AE%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%AD%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A8%D9%85/2216962#.VXcuTWRVikp

June 8 Roadside bomb hit a bus carrying teachers near Shaykh Zuwayd injuring 3. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132227.aspx

June 8 An Egyptian soldier killed, 5 more “including an officer” got injured in two separate attacks on army in Sheikh Zuwaied and Rafah, #Sinai (no info. on second part) – a girl was killed in Abu al-Arag http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132264.aspx
June 8 Syria’s opposition groups met in Egypt – aim is to seek a solution to the conflict, but without Assad. (The Muslim Brotherhood were not represented at the mtg) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/132294.aspx

June 8 Referencing same report below – this concerns the impact of Egypt’s War on Terrorism in the Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/analysis/view.aspx?id=5e0274e4-793a-4b9e-b910-eedcbecbcd8e

June 7 Egyptian army opening fire at striking workers in Al Arish cement killing one and injuring 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-rTSd4nLBfI&feature=share&app=desktop … #Egypt
June 7 The President’s office issued an Infographic on Efforts to Counter Terrrorism and restore security. Said 1,671 accused MB members or terrorists, approx.. 38,000 criminals caught 6 million verdicts, 54 solved kidnapping crimes, 1682 gangs arrested, 87,000 arms seized, 94 rape cases 661 harassment cases

June 6 Cairo Appeals Court cancelled the verdict designating Hamas a terrorist group due to lack of jurisdiction (by that court). http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/06/cairo-court-cancels-hamas-terrorist-designation/

June 6 Twelve sentenced to 2 years in prison for violence in Suez (and six acquitted) all defendants believed to be members of the Muslim Brotherhood http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9e26af38-7f1b-43e4-9205-2ededb8feeb6

June 6 A policeman was killed in an explosion at a bombmaking site in Gharbiyya http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b550d9c1-9517-4114-8a20-4bfb3c43620f

June 6 Egypt’s ‘popular resistance’ has been posting firearm instruction vids, orig. content by Syrian grp from a few years

June 6 #55 explosive devices dismantled in Sheikh Zwayed https://shar.es/12Ggzg

June 5 Telecom workers who had been abducted in a company vehicle in North Sinai have been released http://www.youm7.com/story/2015/6/5/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%B1–%D8%A5%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AD-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AE%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%81%D9%8A%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%B4%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%B3%D9%8A/2212217#.VXYKBmRVikq

June 4 IED at #Fayoum city council #Egypt wounded a policeman and two employees earlier today #Egypt via @AssetSourceApp pic.twitter.com/uudGIKijtn

June 3 12 militants killed in separate incidents in the Sinai http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=2519a1ba-46a3-43bc-9549-3961eff89738

June 3 Gunmen shot 2 antiquities & tourism policemen near the pyramids in Giza Egypt. http://af.reuters.com/article/egyptNews/idAFL5N0YP28R20150603
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-32998721

June 2 State reported that 141 militants were killed in May http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3de37939-8ca4-4622-946c-d956bfed5823

June 2 Morsi’s verdict adjourned until June 16

June 2 Sabri al-Ghoul, a Sinai based militant died in detention. Denials & circumstances are unclear. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/06/02/sinai-activist-reportedly-died-in-military-detention-army-denies/

June 2 Six Coptic families returned to Bani Suef after they had been displaced by Islamists who set their homes on fire. Governor promises those responsible will be punished.

June 1 Unknown militants destroyed a mosque in Shaykh Zuwayd Sinai http://www.albawabaeg.com/55742

June 1 Twenty-two anti-Morsi protesters sentenced to ten year terms in ’13 clashes http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/131680.aspx

June 1 The Muslim Brotherhood’s leadership tasked a cell to infiltrate ministries, pass along information and air false news – going back to ’12 http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=827d5685-6fb3-4a8f-a6b9-cf2945b919d2

Patti Munter Interviews Sherifa Zuhur

16 Jun
7 Questions for Sherifa Zuhur
                                                    By Patti Munter
Sherifa Zuhur is a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at UC Berkeley,  researcher and author of 17 books. She was a research professor at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, directed the Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Strategic Studies, taught at MIT, American University in Cairo, UC Berkeley, California State University, Sacramento and was a Senior Fulbright Research Scholar in Syria and Egypt, and a research scholar at Ben Gurion University’s Chaim Herzog Institute.  Her work on Islamist movements in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia has relied on original field research and interviews.  Her dissertation was on the impact of the Muslim Brotherhood and other radical Islamist groups in Egypt whose influence in that country, and in academia and Muslim communities abroad has been profound.  She has tried to draw attention to the growing influence of the Brotherhood and its sister organizations (in Libya, Gaza, Yemen, and Syria) and their links with jihadists.
Americans have a monolithic view of Egypt. Talk to me about the Muslim Brotherhood (MB).  In your view, what does the future hold for the MB in Egypt?
The Muslim Brotherhood first developed in the late 1920s in Egypt as a response to the Westernizing effects of colonialism, and to preserve and develop an Islamic way of life.  From its inception, the organization has drawn on the beliefs of the essentially conservative and deeply religious population to promote a pan-Islamic vision.
In the early to mid-1970s radical Islamist organizations grew and many of them included former Muslim Brotherhood members – namely the Islamic Jihad (IJ) and the Gamaat Islamiyya (GI).  Members of IJ later formed a wing in al-Qaeda; members of GI waged a low-level insurgency against the Egyptian government.  Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood behaved as if it was a political party and also a socio-religious movement, focusing on recruitment, retention, alliances with independents.  It fully expected President Mubarak to alter his antagonism toward them and allow them to retain political seats.
 How easily can you have conversations about Muslim Brotherhood issues with young Arab American students in the US?
Conversations can be quite difficult depending on the degree to which they are influenced by community groups or projects where Islamists dominate.  Liberal students may not really understand the degree to which the MB are committed to bringing about their world vision, and that they are not just one more democratic group or actor to be included in political.
To Arab-Americans who have lived in the region, such discussions are usually clear-cut; many have a healthy fear of Islamist groups. Others grew up with this orientation or married into it.  I was quite shocked to encounter a young woman who firmly supports the MB and wants to work for the overthrow of Sisi who presented herself as a ‘free thinker’ to visiting MB government-in-exile figures speaking at a California university.  As if MB are a cause, like possible extinction of a whale or an animal species that she wants to save. As if they represent a human rights issue. Other young Arab-Americans don’t really have opinions – the MENA is far away for them, they only bump up against the influence of the MB in religious associations.
To what degree have you interacted —or tried to — with MB-tied groups in the US?
While at US Army War College (AWC), I had a lot of problems with some officials and faculty who simply were anti-Muslim. I tried bringing a complaint to CAIR.  What I found was that CAIR represents itself as an advocacy group, but only offers legal assistance in those cases where like-minded individuals suffer discrimination, and it does not pursue many other cases.
I believe Western Muslims should be involved in counterterrorism and security efforts against violent Islam. What bother me most is to see the reliance of some experts and centers on former jihadists (who are Islamists), or community members who are Islamists, whether MB or not.
I watched in disbelief five years ago as Nonie Darwish was disinvited to speak at Princeton about five years ago. Brandeis was also in the news last year: same story, different woman. Thoughts?
Princeton’s disinvitation of Nonie Darwish, like Brandeis’ disinvitation of Ayaan Hirsi Ali was shameful and the result of pressure by students.  All I can say is it is an over-steering, an incorrect characterization of Islamophobia, and a vicious prejudice against two women who support women’s rights and have left Islam.  Converting ‘out’ is considered apostasy, and for that, their high profiles, and firmly anti-Islamist stand, many oppose them.  I am not comfortable with many things Hirsi Ali has done and said, but I would certainly hear her speak.  As we supposedly uphold freedom of speech on our campuses – certainly that should occur.  The other huge division concerns attitudes toward Israel; I suppose Nonie Darwish is not forgiven for her Arabs for Israelorganization.
 After Morsi was elected, you detail how the MB ousted the Minister of Culture. Her replacement vowed to abolish ballet and Islamize Egypt’s film industry.
The MB —via the Freedom and Justice Party— brought in its own ministers. There was great antipathy to the new 2012 Constitution and other actions by Morsi.  He appointed a new minister of Culture, Alaa Abd al-Aziz about a year into his term.  By then the Tamarrod movement had already begun (the petition calling for Morsi to step down).  As Abd al-Aziz made statements about Islamizing the arts – not only doing away with ballet – he fired the directors of the Cairo Opera House, the National Library and Archives, and the General Egyptian Book Organization.    The cast of the Opera appeared onstage in Aidacarrying placards against the Muslim Brotherhood and calling for the end of Morsi’s regime.  Then writers, artists, and performers began a two week sit-in outside of the Ministry of Culture.
What was behind the 2013 calls from Western governments to include MB politically? Was it fear? Naiveté? Corruption?  
Various countries had come to the conclusion that Islamists held so much influence in the Middle East, they should be partners in the struggle against  radical Islamists – a sort of “if you can’t beat them, join them” stance.   They weren’t wrong in understanding that pushing full-out anti-religious secularism would not take, but rather, in imagining that Islamist organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood would ever be inclusive or put anything but its own movement’s interests first.  Numerous Washington-based organizations and NGOs had promoted democracy in which Islamists and non-Islamists would coexist and somehow people would vote down coercive laws or measures.
Strong ties were established between democracy-building organizations and Islamists, so the thought was that since Morsi had won the election, the Muslim Brotherhood must be included in the post 06/30/13 government.  In fact, then Minister of Defense al-Sisi presented multiple offers to the Muslim Brotherhood to include them in some way if Morsi stepped down, but they refused.
You catalogue daily instances of sabotage and violence by the “ansar Morsi.” Are they available to read by public?
  I periodically post logs on Twitter of daily incidents of sabotage and violence by Ansar Morsi, and other radical Islamists.  I do so because a wing of Egypt’s opposition claims that the Muslim Brotherhood are not violent; or they assert that the violence is actually fake and enacted by Egypt’s security forces to have a reason for a crackdown.  Occasionally I post these on my website (sherifazuhurwordpress.com) and I am working on articles and a book which highlights this security campaign.
   The Atlantic copies Egyptian press notices on violence and the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy tracks violent attacks. For some reason, both are opposed to Egypt’s government, and they do not connect dots between the resistance, its likely sources of funding, etc.
    They are stuck in the belief that radicalization is caused by repression instead of understanding that radicalization is its own motor and motivation.   .

Muslim Brotherhood and Extremist Violence in Egypt & Sinai May 15 – 31, 2015

3 Jun

Muslim Brotherhood and Extremist Violence in Egypt & Sinai May 15 – 31, 2015


May 31 Sinai militants blew up a natural gas pipeline early Sunday morning near al-Arishhttp://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/officials-militants-blow-natural-gas-pipeline-egypt-31423726
Security was reinforced after the attack. (Wilayat Sinai did not take credit for the attack as of 01/06)http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/131562.aspx

May 31 Report by National Council of Human Rights says 2,600 were killed in 18 months over the ouster of Morsi. including 700 policemen & 500 civilians. http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/M/ML_EGYPT?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT

May 30 An effort to smuggle police uniforms from Egypt to Saudi Arabia was foiled.http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/attempt-smuggle-police-uniforms-saudi-arabia-foiled

May 29 Pro-Morsi (Anti-Coup) posts photo of protests in #Damietta today on IkhwanWeb

May 29 Pro-Muslim Brotherhood march in Giza was dispersed by authorities.http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=da6963f3-ad55-49e9-bdad-cd4ef6c6fe42

May 29 Pro-Morsi/Muslim Brotherhood group causes havoc on Haram St. previous nighthttp://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/743411#.VWdvsXYWAV4.facebook

May 28 #ABM threatens to strike Eilat. http://www.jpost.com/Middle-East/Report-ISIS-linked-Sinai-terrorists-threaten-to-strike-Eilat-port-404440?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

May 28 One policeman killed & 8 wounded in attack in #Arish #Sinai #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=5e2b9a62-f5a5-48a3-8fe7-82b0d0468b35

May 28 #Egypt‘s forces have captured #MuslimBrotherhood‘s Mohamed Taha Wahdan acting leader “inside” since the 8/14/13 clearing of #Rabaa

May 28 Muslim Brotherhood spokesperson says Mahmoud Hussein is no longer the group’s secretary-general.https://twitter.com/ajmurgent/status/604025516602081281 … #

May 28 Electricity power tower that was destroyed this morning in Oseem with 4 bombs, 2 of which were defused, cost $4 million

May 27 Police brigadier general killed by a #terrorist roadside bomb in
http://linkis.com/www.reuters.com/arti/Awfwu

May 27 2 soldiers injured and 22 bombs neutralized in northern Sinai http://sdb.esisc.org/Account/LogOn?ReturnUrl=%2fIncident%2fView%2feda2a089-4f52-4018-81a2-cfe5da3f16b8%3futm_medium%3dtwitter%26utm_campaign%3d%2523security%26utm_source%3dtwitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=%23security&utm_source=twitterfeed

May 27 Two IEDs detonated on a train track in #Gharbiyya today – #Egypt #insurgencyhttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b0473e11-a957-4d90-ae8c-0a64f386b3ce

May 26 Today a power cut hit #Egypt‘s state television for the 2nd time in a month: http://ift.tt/1dvVLaK

May 26 Egyptian Court sentences Head of Al-Qaida in north Sinai Adel Habbarah, 8 other terrorists to death. Habbarah planned the August 2012 terror attack which killed 16 Egyptian soldiers in Rafah, North Sinai. #Egyptabbarah also personally executed 25 unarmed #Egypt|ian soldiers in cold blood in Jan 2014

May 26 521 tunnel openings destroyed on Gaza border http://dlvr.it/9yZ6Zl

May 26 Egyptian forces capture all but 3 Muslim Brotherhood members in 2 Giza neighborhoods and close an MB weapons workshop http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/741634

May 26 Police commander of Port Said prison gives testimony, saying demonstrators attacked the prison & guards couldn’t defend prison because they were pelted with stones
http://www.shorouknews.com/news/view.aspx?cdate=26052015&id=55d342f2-8e5c-4874-bf49-4295ed9c74dc

May 25 Police shot a Christian women, then an officer and 2 soldiers taken prisoner in a church in Mashiet Nasr and were then released following on police negotiation. Mashiet Nasserhttp://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/741279

May 25 #LIbya‘s tribal leaders met in #Cairo conference today; aim to build alliance against #Islamic militants#Egypt
http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9b876e15-50c9-4c8d-b88d-46338d1f23af

May 24 Rafah border will be open this week on Tuesday and Wednesdayhttp://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765594

May 23 #Minya police rescued 4 #Copts who were kidnapped. #Egypthttp://www.persecution.org/2015/05/22/egypt-police-rescue-kidnapped-copts-leaving-marian-pilgrimage-site/

May 23 Three bombs targeting electricity pylon went off in Nasr City early Saturday. No casualties.http://www.masrawy.com/news/news_cases/details/2015/5/23/585618/%D9%82%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%B4%D8%B7-%D8%B4%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%B9-%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A9-%D9%86%D8%B5%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%AF%D9%81-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC-%D9%83%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A1

May 23 Egypt and the US have disagreed at the nuclear NPT talks. Egypt strongly supports a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East, but the US will not address Israel’s possession of nuclear weapons. The US, UK and Canada blocked the final resolution. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6c923ca8-fab1-4ace-a0b4-168ce9c50e01

May 22 Not “suspected” militants, actual militants kidnapped an #Egypt|ian soldier from an ambulance #Sinaihttp://www.egyptindependent.com//news/soldier-kidnapped-suspected-islamist-militants-egypt-s-sinai

May 22 Three bombs targeting electricity pylons went off in different parts of Nasr City – Three people injuredhttps://twitter.com/Cairotoday/status/601912544371056640

May 21 Abu Usama al-Masry, leader of Wilayat Sinai calls for attacks on judgeshttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130873.aspx

May 21 Two IEDs reportedly explode in Suez Canal city of Ismailia, in the 3rd District. 3 others diffused.

May 21 A police conscript killed & one injured in shooting in #Sharqiyya #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=9a01c860-47cc-4cf9-a2a3-667d6b766938

May 20 Two IED att (via 3 IEDs – Behaira; Sharqiya); 12 IEDs def; 1 arm att (N. Sinai); ≈103 suspects arrested#Egypt

May 19 Security forces killed a suspect in the shooting of 2 police #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3a36b87a-42f7-4dca-a701-f2c2227c0477

May 18 The Tahrir Institute (a U.S. institute, not Egyptian) says Sinai residents are paying too high a price “for Egypt” in the current counterterrorism campaign: http://timep.org/commentary/north-sinai-population-continues-to-sacrifice-for-egypt/

May 18 Armed assailants carry out 2 attacks in #ShaykhZuwayd, killing 1, injuring 1 #Sinai #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=95c44f0d-979b-4c5d-9395-0afa15f7d9d2

May 18 Three bombs exploded in #Tora area: 2 by the Nile Corniche and one in Tora car tunnel. No injuries.

May 18 Interim Min. of Justice accuses the Muslim Brotherhood of killing the three judges (who were assassinated on Sunday) http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130509.aspx

May 18 Two men sentenced to death for forming a terrorist cell in Egypthttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130616.aspx

May 18 Armed men steal an ambulance in Shaykh Zuwaidhttp://bit.ly/1c0YaIT

May 18 Conscript injured in an attack on the checkpoint in Ismailiyyahttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130536.aspx

May 18 Two bombings in Damanhour and one in Abou Homs, Bahairahttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130531.aspx

May 18 Ansar al-Dawlah Islamiyya claim a rocket attack on #Egypt (on Friday) #Sinaihttp://jihadology.net/2015/05/17/new-statement-from-jamaat-an%E1%B9%A3ar-al-dawlah-al-islamiyyah-fi-bayt-al-maqdis-targeting-the-apostate-egyptian-military-in-the-bush-area-with-107-missiles/

May 18 Two suspects in attempted assassination of a judge (May 10th) were killed after firing on security #Egypthttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=33e67009-c293-47c2-ab5b-e5b41b757ee9

May 18 Wilayat Sinai pledge allegiance again to Bahdadi of ISIS in another video
https://archive.org/details/Bay3atOpah

May 18 Bombing of electricity pylon cuts power to 14 villages in Upper Egypt http://bit.ly/1FjOB2c

May 16 Judges shot dead in #Sinai #Egypt hours after #Morsi‘s sentence.http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/three-egyptian-judges-shot-dead-in-sinai-hours-after-mohamed-morsi-sentenced-to-death-10255067.html

May 15 Eight women banned from traveling to Turkey as Egypt enacts a new policy to inhibit women from joining ISIS.http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c6d68300-8fab-4a6b-b9bc-878c4895cc68

May 15 Egyptian authorities stopped 22 Egyptians from illegally crossing into Libya through Salloumhttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130345.aspx

May 15 9 mid-level MuslimBrotherhood leaders arrested for vandalism & inciting to #violence #Egypthttp://onaeg.com/?p=2276657

Terrorism & CT in the Sinai & Egypt: May 1 – May 16, 2015

16 May

Judges shot dead in hours after ‘s sentence.  

May 15 Eight women banned from traveling to Turkey as Egypt enacts a new policy to inhibit women from joining ISIS. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c6d68300-8fab-4a6b-b9bc-878c4895cc68

May 15 Egyptian authorities stopped 22 Egyptians from illegally crossing into Libya through Salloum http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/130345.aspx

May 15 9 mid-level MuslimBrotherhood leaders arrested for vandalism & inciting to #violence #Egypt http://onaeg.com/?p=2276657 

May 14 Three people gunned down in the Sinai in two separate incidents. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6c90ffac-f07c-4543-9c1f-ba4801e18416

May 14 Ninety-four middle-ranking #MuslimBrotherhood leaders arrested for planning attacks on police/mil. & being in a banned terrorist organization http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/14/94-middle-ranking-muslim-brotherhood-leaders-arrested-interior-ministry/

May 14 National Council of #Arab and Egyptian tribes to spend LE 1 bill. on tribal development in the Sinai

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/14/tribes-should-organise-behind-the-state-ncaet/

May 14 Eight suspected militants killed in al-Arish in north Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=e79cfd6c-08dc-4114-8ce0-d5dc5cfd0ab6

May 14 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis and bedouin tribes – background. http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/egyptsource/a-new-sinai-battle-bedouin-tribes-and-egypt-s-isis-affiliate

May 13 Explosions kill 4 Egyptian soldiers (otherwise reported as two officers and two soliders) 4 civilians in #Sinai http://wpo.st/Nh0H0 http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/13/4-army-soldiers-killed-in-rafah/

and see http://www.timesofoman.com/News/51653/Article-Four-Egyptian-soldiers-three-civilians-killed-in-Egypts-Sinai-Peninsula-bomb-attacks

May 13 Reports that pro-MB terrorists downed transmission from Media Prod. City

May 13 Assessments of 6 months of Sinai operations by the Egyptian army https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/654570224673963

May 13 Egypt’s Min. of Defense and Min. of the Interior visit military and police sites in the Sinai https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/656550774475908

May 13 Egypt‘s security arrests Essam Derbala, head of #amaatIslamiyya (masterminds of Luxor attack & many others)  in Qena http://www.thecairopost.com/news/150399/news/breaking-gamaa-islamiyya-chairman-arrested

May 12  President Sisi gave his monthly address to Egyptians reporting on progress of many development programs, such as the new Suez Canal (which employs many Sinai residents) and also on the counterterrorism program in the Sinai.

May 12 “Sawlat al-Ansar 2” posted on Youtube by Islamic State in the Sinai http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=e64_1431447984

May 12 ISIS affiliate ‘Supporters of the #IslamicState in Beit al-Maqdis’ claiming to raise black flags in #Rafah #Gaza

May 11 Shots fired by Egyptian border guards injured a Palestinian driver at Kerem Shalom crossing into Gaza http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=765346

May 11 Egypt and Djibouti discussed Red Sea security http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a3ee8f06-a5a1-418c-a8d0-c368231357e6

May 10 Text of the tribal union statement from the Sinai http://www.albawabhnews.com/1283036

May 10 A woman shot by unknown assailants and hospitalized in central Sinai, three brothers kidnapped from their home in northern Sinai and three militants killed – also in northern Sinai. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c24f42c3-57ec-4a58-bbf4-894412bd3ffd

May 10 NileSat and Min. of Electricity denied responsibility for the power failure at Maspero which caused State television to fail on Saturday http://www.thecairopost.com/news/149872/news/electricity-ministry-nilesat-deny-responsibility-for-masperos-power-failure

May 10 Failed assassination attempt on #judge in #MB case – 4 bystanders injured 3 bombs #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/728926

May 10 2 Brotherhood sympathizers killed en route to carry out bombing attack in Fayoum. Bomb exploded prematurely. #Egypt

May 10 Thirty tribes at the Sinai Tribal Federation pledged to confront militant groups on the Peninsula. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/129898/Egypt/Politics-/UPDATED-Egyptian-tribes-pledge-to-battle-Islamist-.aspx

May 9 Two soldiers killed in N. Sinai as they picked up their daughters from school (see report below – doesn’t have the detail about “daughters”)

May 9 Major clashes between #Egypt security forces and MB in Al-Basarta, Damietta today: 6 killed according to #Ikhwan http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/726480

May 9 Many prisoners from Sinai to be released today from Azouli military prison at the second field army in Ismailia #Egypt

May 9   725 militants killed by Egyptian security forces between Oct14- April15; 1823 HQ’s & hideouts demolished;1873 suspects + 206 wanted arrested.

May 9 2 policemen killed – http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=b4ec9856-4a01-41ad-b8ac-173af4d73659

May 8 2 policemen killed, 1 wounded in #Arish drive-by shooting #Sinai #Egypt http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Drive-by-shooting-in-Sinai-kills-2-policemen-20150508

May 8 Sixteen members of Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis were killed in two operations in al-Arish http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=4b9b7ea0-ff94-4802-b47a-9b82f53d6918

May 7 A team of 8 observers from Europe arrived in Gaza to report in the Rafah crossing http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=765283

May 7 Karm Alkawadis military point south of Shaykh Zuwaid has been targeted by #Sinai province militants mortar shells, one soldier has been injured.

May 7 Egypt’s president greets returned Ethiopian workers who arrived from Libya after negotiations with fighting groups there. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/129641.aspx

May 6 Report on human trafficking (including organ sales) in the Sinai (this has been ongoing for years)  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YqLOHgZU5iY&feature=youtu.be&a

 

May 6 Three Palestinians try to enter Gaza via smuggling tunnels and are killed in clashes with Egypt’s border guards http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/724383

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4654478,00.html

May 5 Egyptian authorities arrest 40 people in Sharqiyya on suspicion of belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood. http://www.madamasr.com/news/40-arrested-sharqiya-charges-belonging-islamic-state

 

May 5 Who is bombing Egypt’s electricity towers – the al-Iqab al-Thawri or their backers, the Ikhwan? http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/05/egypt-power-plants-bombings-brotherhood-electricity-ministry.html#ixzz3ZJQZjwWF

May 5  Muslim Brotherhood elements kill conscript, injure investigations aide of Damietta police station

May 4 National Defense Council approves continuation of Egypt’s external military missions, including involvement in the coalition fighting in Yemen. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=0dbf6b31-3c59-4ea1-bc1f-7bfcefe4b955

May 4 Clashes reported in Rafah as the Islamic State affiliate launches an attack on a local security camp. Different source claims there were two attacks Shaykh Zuwayd police station & central security camp – no casualties.

May 4 A bomb exploded at a Mobinil station in Shebin al-Koum in Menufiyya and another bomb was defused. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=887677597957321

May 4 Six people were injured as a bomb in a paper bag explodes in Manshiyat Nasser, a slum area in Cairo. http://www.thecairopost.com/news/148845/news/slum-family-injured-after-bomb-detonated-in-trash

May 4 Surveillance cameras will be installed nation wide in Egypt http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/05/04/surveillance-cameras-to-be-deployed-nationwide-in-egypt/

May 3 Four injured in al-Arish explosion http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/03/4-injured-in-al-arish-bomb-explosion/#st_refDomain=t.co&st_refQuery=/5oXdAD7O98

May 3 Forty were referred to criminal court for communication with ISIS http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c1204ceb-0c3d-4114-9663-f9b122762502   Also see: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2015/05/03/Egypt-charges-40-over-allegedly-being-ISIS-members.html

May 3 “Peaceful” Ikhwan demonstrators fire on senior officer & policeman near October City #Egypt http://www.el-balad.com/1515642

May 3 An Egyptian teen is sentenced to 15 years for making bombs. http://www.albawaba.com/news/egyptian-teen-sentenced-15-years-making-bombs-689716

May 2   State of Sinai claim they cut supply of Egypt’s military and release pictures to illustrate pic.twitter.com/rgAB7xcKUu

May 2 A tribal coalition in northern Sinai offered 1 million L.E. to whoever will kill Shadi al-Menei, a senior leader of the [Ansar al-Maqdis, but ID’d here as WS) Wilayat Sina’ group. http://news.videonews.us/egypts-sinai-tribes-put-bounty-daesh-militant-028704.html

May 2 Members of a tribe abduct Haytham al-Menei – the brother of an Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis leader http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=765185&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

May 2 IED explodes near resort hotels at the Fayoum Oasis, south of #Cairo. Fayoum area hard hit by ongoing attack wave.

May 1 Gunmen attacked an al-Ahram Foundation staff bus in 6th of October city injuring 6 people, 3 of them critically. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/129095.aspx

 

Terrorism in the Sinai and Egypt 22 Apr – 04 May ’15

4 May

On a widely subscribed academic list, the Sociology of Islam, one may read frequent posts by Dr. Alain Gabon reviling President Sisi. Colleagues unfamiliar with Egypt who read Western language media have a very flawed picture of the most pressing issues in the country as a result of editorial bias. In attempting to rebut Gabon, and in visiting different university campuses in the U.S. I realized that many – and not only Americans — are unaware of the very real acts of terrorism now perpetrated on a daily basis in Egypt by supporters of ex-President Morsi.  Many are militants to whom the political process is irrelevant; their aim is destabilization.  Hardly any western media cover the issue; if they do, the only analysis offered is that the Sinai campaign is “too harsh,” or they insist that the Muslim Brotherhood “must be re-included” as per the position of the New York Times and Washington Post’s editorial board. Only Egyptians and those who have followed the terrorist/militant groups in the Sinai since their emergence c. 2004, realize that the militants in the Sinai proliferated during President Morsi’s term, have multiplied due to external factors, and that connections to Gaza, Libya, Sudan and elsewhere render the Sinai terrorism a regional issue, and not only a local one. I am waiting to read a serious article about the funding of these groups (or I will attempt to write one).  Then, there is the violence on the mainland, and so many incidents of IEDs or defused bombs that it is impossible to log them on a casual basis – but this will give you a snippet of these events.

 

May 4 Clashes reported in Rafah as the “Islamic State affiliate” launches an attack on a local security camp. Different source claims there were two attacks on Shaykh Zuwayd police station & central security camp and no casualties.

 

May 4 A bomb exploded at a Mobinil station in Shebin al-Koum in Menufiyya and another bomb was defused. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=887677597957321

 

May 4 Six people were injured as a bomb in a paper bag explodes in Manshiyat Nasser, a slum area.   http://www.thecairopost.com/news/148845/news/slum-family-injured-after-bomb-detonated-in-trash

 

May 4 Surveillance cameras are to be installed to improve security in Egypt http://egyptianstreets.com/2015/05/04/surveillance-cameras-to-be-deployed-nationwide-in-egypt/

 

May 3 Four injured in al-Arish explosion http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/03/4-injured-in-al-arish-bomb-explosion/#st_refDomain=t.co&st_refQuery=/5oXdAD7O98

 

May 3 Forty persons were referred to criminal court for communication with ISIS http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c1204ceb-0c3d-4114-9663-f9b122762502

Also see: http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2015/05/03/Egypt-charges-40-over-allegedly-being-ISIS-members.html

May 3 Muslim Brotherhood demonstrators fire on senior officer & policeman near October City http://www.el-balad.com/1515642

May 3 An Egyptian teen was sentenced to 15 years for making bombs. http://www.albawaba.com/news/egyptian-teen-sentenced-15-years-making-bombs-689716

May 2 The State of Sinai claim they cut supply of Egypt’s military and release pictures to illustrate pic.twitter.com/rgAB7xcKUu

May 2 A tribal coalition in northern Sinai offered 1 million L.E. to whoever will kill Shadi al-Menei, a senior leader of the [Ansar al-Maqdis, but identified here as Wilayat Sinai) Wilayat Sina’ group. http://news.videonews.us/egypts-sinai-tribes-put-bounty-daesh-militant-028704.html

May 2 Members of a tribe abduct Haytham al-Menei – the brother of an Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis leaderhttp://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=765185&utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed

May 2 IED explodes near resort hotels at the Fayoum Oasis, south of #Cairo. Fayoum area hard hit by ongoing attack wave.

May 1 Gunmen attacked an al-Ahram Foundation staff bus in 6th of October city injuring 6 people, 3 of them critically. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/129095.aspx

Apr. 29 State of Sinai post images showing bombing home of Ibrahim Al-Argani, a prominent leader of the Tarabin tribe. #Egypt #Sinai #StateofSinai‘s photos of bombed home of #Tarabin leader #Sinai – who they call “apostate”#Egypt https://justpaste.it/s3rj

Apr 29 Claims that 23 tribes aiding #Egypt‘s army against #StateofSinai militants #Sinaihttp://almogaz.com/news/politics/2015/04/28/1975299

Apr. 28 Clashes erupt between the Tarabin tribe and Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis in the northern Sinaihttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/128837.aspx

Apr 28 From 17/04-23/04 alone, there 99 attacks in N. #Sinai#Cairo, elsewhere in  http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/719219

Apr. 28 Egypt begins a new effort against tunnels connecting Gaza and Sinai after discovering many more of them.http://www.maannews.net/Content.aspx?id=774484

Apr 27 Man threw a bag with a suspected bomb at school where the Min. of Interior’s children are enrolled   http://www.masrawy.com/News/News_Cases/details/2015/4/27/539168/%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D9%8A%D9%84%D9%82%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%BA%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A8-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%85%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%B3%D8%A9-%D8%A8%D9%87%D8%A7-3-%D8%A3%D8%A8%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%84%D9%88%D8%B2%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AE%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9

Apr 27 New areas of Rafah to be evacuated as part of the buffer zone.http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/128818.aspx

Apr 27 – Overnight blasts brought down power lines in Nile Delta http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/128754.aspx

Apr. 26 Stolen vehicles mean that Wilayat Sinai may be preparing a car bomb campaign in the Sinai.understandingwar.org/backgrounder/wilayat-sinai-likely-preparing-car-bomb-campaign?utm_source=Reviewing+the+Week%3A+ISW+Intelligence+Summary%2C+April+18-24%2C+2015&utm_campaign=Reviewing+the+Week%3A+ISW+Intelligence+Summary%2C+April+18-24%2C+2015&utm_medium=email

Apr. 26 Two electric pylons on Cairo-Alexandria highway were bombed, 6 injured.http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2015/04/27/1973056 …
3 cell towers torched in Oct6. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2015/04/26/1972877 #Egypt

Apr 26 Gunmen shot & killed one man in village of #Berth & abducted another. #Sinaihttp://www.thecairopost.com/news/147783/news/rafah-bedouin-killed-another-abducted-after-ansar-bayt-al-maqdis-warns-tribe

Apr. 25 IED explosion knocked over transmission tower in Fayoum

Apr. 25 Four people were killed and one injured while making bombs in the Beni Soueif governoratehttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/128622.aspx

Apr. 24 Three bombs explode in #Matariya; a 4th bomb was disabled. People in the area chant “Death to the Muslim Brotherhood” in response http://m.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/715713

Apr. 24 Police disperse #Islamist protests in #Haram#Badrashein and #Faysal – it’s Friday. #Egypthttp://english.ahram.org.eg/News/128540.aspx

Apr. 24 Ten Ansar Bayt Maqdis members killed in a night raid in the Sinai http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/716430

Apr 23 Gas lines to the factory in ‪Kafr al-Dawwar were blown up. https://t.co/OecgnXcS0O

Apr. 23 One killed, 4 injured as a house was hit by a shell (presumably military) in Shaykh Zuwayd http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a2b12d82-9aa3-4d0d-8919-e88a89cbdf46

Apr. 23 Explosion reported near police checkpoint on Alexandria-Behaira road.http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2015/04/24/1969855

Apr. 22 Raed Al-Saheli, head of detectives died Monday morning in al-Arish of his wounds following a car bomb attack on a building section on 11 April

 

 

Interview with Dr. Sherifa Zuhur following the Election of Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi as President

6 Jun

I was recently interviewed for MENA (Middle East News Agency). I have requested, but not yet received a link to whatever is published.

 

Sherifa Zuhur, IMEISS   Interview given to Ahmed Bahaa  on June 5, 2014.

Q. After the official declaration of Abdelfatah El- Sisi winning presidential elections, do you think that the call for reconciliation in Egypt is in favor of him or against him?

**This question is not clear. Do you mean “the call for a reconciliation with the Muslim Brotherhood?” With the Ansar Bayt Maqdis and other groups attacking the government? Is there a concrete group calling for reconciliation?

  1. I do not believe that the issue of reconciliation with the Muslim Brotherhood – if that is what you mean — is first on the list of Egypt’s priorities at the moment. My sense is that a majority of Egyptians at present do not want any reconciliation with the banned Muslim Brotherhood, and that it was the public which insisted (for most of autumn 2013) that the transitional government enact a ban, rather than the other way around. Therefore I don’t think those external observers, such as U.S. neoconservatives or think tanks, which have opposed the new government like Carnegie or Middle East Institute or those writing for CFR’s Foreign Policy have any reason to order the Egyptian public or government to “reconcile.” Obviously, there are also some Egyptians who have been involved in demonstrations at universities and who protest the exclusion of the Muslim Brotherhood, but they are not numerically large, nor can they claim a moral high ground after so many instances of unnecessary violence which hurt and terrified their fellow Egyptians.

 

Last summer, in the midst of the crisis at the end of June 2013, Field Marshal al-Sisi, then the Minister of Defense made at least three efforts to mediate with President Morsi and via him to the General Guidance Council of the MB. They rejected all of those efforts which might have resulted in a compromise government following new elections.   In some areas of Egypt, such as Kafr al-Dawwar, Menya, and most notably the Sinai supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood (or in the Sinai, their extremely violent allies) are still threatening others and trying to coerce them – in the Sinai, this remains an extremely volatile situation.

 

  1. How do you see the future of American-Egyptian relations in the light of El-Sisi’s as president and, will he focus on enhancing Egypt’s relations with Russia to put pressure on America?

A. I was asked about the announced Egyptian-Russian deal whereby financing was to be provided from the Gulf states a few months ago. After the usual round of reprintings, this particular story went silent.

President Putin was among the first of the world leaders to congratulate President al-Sisi on his electoral win. Apart from that gesture, I don’t think Egypt will overturn its long-term relationship with the United States for Russia, nor would it particularly pressure the United States if Egypt were to obtain weaponry or defense systems from Russia. Diplomatically, it is wise for Egypt to build ties of cooperation and friendship with many countries and not solely with the United States.

So long as US Muslim organizations filled with Muslim Brotherhood supporters or Americans who believe they and only they hold the key to democratic development are pressuring members of the U.S. Congress to hold off on approving elements in U.S. military aid to Egypt, we can’t be sure what either government will decide to do. Given that John Kerry, the U.S. Secretary of State is also very convinced of Egypt’s importance as a regional ally, I would be very surprised if Egyptian-American relations do not improve as the country carries out parliamentary elections and President al-Sisi embarks on his tasks over the next year.

 

  1. Will El-sisi succeed in fighting corruption which is represented in deep state or “Mubarak’s” state?

A. Egypt is no longer “Mubarak’s state.” I do not agree with the theory that the “deep state” lives on its own and has been unaffected by the revolution and subsequent governments. Also, no-one can say at this moment what will or will not be achieved. President al-Sisi’s (and I would appreciate it if you would kindly retain his title when you print my remarks, and not put “al-Sisi” alone) first and most difficult task is actually to restart Egypt’s economic engine. Promoting transparency, or preventing corruption is something that must be put into place in every department of every ministry. As the government is also a very large employer of many poorly paid functionaries, the issue of fighting corruption is also one of making certain that people – public and private employees – can make ends meet.

As for the high-level sort of corruption that you may be suggesting, which is very difficult even for countries like the U.S. to track and regulate, here too, guidelines and better practices must be implemented.

 

  1. How do you see the future of El-Nour salafist party in the light of the new constitution which forbids religious parties? And will it continue to support El-Sisi?

The al-Nour party has managed to subvert the intent of not allowing religious parties by promoting religious principles for social life, and declaring that political life will remain guided by a civil state. Its agenda is obviously similar to the da`wah of the Muslim Brotherhood and to convince others to adopt the same principles. But, here again, we see that the religious right in many countries are involved in politics usually supporting those who agree with their principles. I imagine the al-Nour party will continue to support the current government because they have pledged to do so.  Many of President al-Sisi’s supporters who want Egypt to abide by its civil tradition are very concerned by the salafis, including al-Nour. Certain issues will probably divide them, once the as yet unelected legislative assembly begins to do its work.

 

  1. Do you expect that El-sisi will release the activists detained recently?

A. I do not know. I understand that the judiciary is fiercely pressing for its own independence. But I personally think it would be wise to

a) fine the al-Jazeera journalists for their lack of proper permits — if it was the case that they were in lieu of these, and drop charges of conspiracy

b) to provide amnesties to those protesters who have not engaged in violent actions.

Traditionally Ramadan has been a period when amnesties were offered in other countries, where admittedly, circumstances differed.