Tag Archives: Sherifa Zuhur

Interview with Sherifa Zuhur on Counterterrorism/COIN in Egypt and Beyond

5 Aug

I just was interviewed by journalist Yasser Khalil.  The interview will likely be available in Arabic and offered at Sahafy Online (https://sahafyonline.com)  for outlets interested in publishing it.   A little bit of this discussion is based on my current book draft on Egypt (there is a chapter on the Sinai campaign) .

Sherifa azZuhur Arabi

Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley

August 5, 2015

– What do you think about the Egypt’s strategy in fighting terrorism? Is it sufficient enough to end up the terrorism in the country?

 

Egypt is using a combination of counterterrorism (CT) and counterinsurgency (COIN) approaches.  It faces terrorism in the northern Sinai peninsula, but also in/near Suez and on Egypt’s mainland as well as acts of sabotage on electricity towers and assassinations of public figures such as the Chief Prosecutor, the late Hisham Barakat.    In the Sinai, Egypt’s military had to cease cooperating with the limitations prevailing under the Camp David Accords by which only civil police are to operate in zone C.  While these restrictions are lifted now, that insurgency has longstanding roots going back to 2003-2004.

 

Elsewhere the criminalization of terrorist groups and those engaging or calling for violence is an important aspect of the campaign.  So too, are efforts at antiterrorism (terrorism prevention) in which the roots of extremism are to be attacked by al-Azhar, and mainstream Muslim institutions, although there isn’t much agreement about the shape of such reforms.

 

Both CT and COIN rely on military eradication of terrorists which in turn relies on intelligence and police work.  In addition, both approaches also employ the ‘non-military’ tools of war; CT calls for developing antiterrorism programs and COIN requires bolstering of state power and appealing to local populations support the state’s objections.  These tools, or methods are informational, economic and political/diplomatic.

 

– Is this strategy different from the one USA uses?

These are two approaches, not one grand strategy and the US is currently, under Obama, downgrading CT and COIN efforts, but it has not successfully defined a strategy toward terrorism either in the wake of 9/11 nor today.

 

Egypt’s efforts reflect those of national militaries to contain terrorism in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and elsewhere, but there are some differences, for example, the above-mentioned problem of an insurgency in a hinterland where the military were initially constrained.  Also,  the Sinai extremists used the fall of president Morsi, who they also considered an apostate (and they condemned the Muslim Brotherhood for participating in Egypt’s political system) as a rallying cause and the combination of their violence and that of other groups, some allied to them on the mainland somewhat magnifies the impact of attempted violence.  Egypt’s tourism sector has been hurt by this violence along with the perception of volatility in the post-revolutionary environment, although there has been some recovery of late.  Also the jihadist movements are international, the Wilayat Sinai breakaway from the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis allied with the Islamic State (in Iraq and Syria, i.e. ISiS) because of the propaganda (or informational) value and it has links with groups in Libya — which are therefore another threat to Egypt. The presence of the MFO (Multinational Force of Observers) in the Sinai means that there could be a threat to that body.  The alienation of the bedouin in the Sinai from the central government is another special factor to consider; this is the result of land ownership policies as well as the counterterrorist response to violence in the Sinai from 2004 – 2011.

 

 

– Both countries couldn’t end up terrorism till now, in spite of the long war against it. Why?

 

Terrorism is not a phenomenon that will be soon ended, nor is it sui generis.  Egypt and the United States continue to face terrorism, so too, all humans are hurt by it since it was used by the Zealots and others in ancient history.  Terrorism is a tactic, and the perpetrators have political and religiopolitical aims.  They can be discouraged from using this tactic, by the use military force and repression, and simultaneous anti-terrorism or anti-insurgency programs and actions of the state.

 

The previous U.S. Department of Defense name for this – the Long War – is probably an accurate name.  Al-Qa’ida as well as the ISIS, ABM, Wilayat Sinai AQAP, AQIM, Shabab etc. have a long-term grand strategy. Nonetheless,  Egypt’s battle in the Sinai with such groups is winnable —  and it is not facing a popular insurgency in the mainland, as for example existed in Vietnam.

 

If the Egyptian government had fought as ruthlessly as possible, then it’s possible the conflict might be a shorter one, but as Pres. Sisi himself noted, the public concern for human rights limits the use of tactics which might eradicate such groups  And admittedly, the security forces have not undergone reforms in that regard, and they are facing an enemy using extremely brutal tactics towards them and civilians who are thought to be cooperating with the Egyptian military and police.

 

– There are violations for human rights in both countries’ experiences in this field, is it necessary to violate human rights while fighting terrorism? How we can avoid that if it’s possible?

 

Yes, there are violations of human rights by both militaries and also by police in the U.S.  – use of body cameras (introduced in San Francisco & to be used in Egypt), education, enforcement of proper standards in prisoner treatment are all requisites.   It’s up to the leadership to insist on such standards in all militaries and police forces.

 

Some believe that human rights are violated by the use of emergency laws and military courts.

 

**Under Presidents Mubarak and Sadat, the use of emergency laws tended to constrain the development of democracy, however, today, nearly all countries have crafted specific terrorism laws which tend to diverge from civil procedures.   In Egypt, a big debate still exists over the “protest law” which is intended to control spontaneous and potentially violent demonstrations.  I think it is entirely reasonable to oppose extrajudicial rendition, torture, and unjust procedures as we saw in Guantanamo and at Abu Ghraib, and also to support harsh legal consequences for acts of terrorism.  The Egyptian system of criminal law differs from that in the U.S., but as far as I can see both aim to deter as well as punish offenders.  The application of emergency law within the buffer area in the Sinai, which has, for example, utilized curfews certainly seemed to be a necessity in that campaign.

 

 

 

– What about the privacy issues? This war made the people’s privacy is nearly zero. Is that justified and acceptable in your opinion?   **I need more clarification of this question in order to answer it

 

 

– In 1970s to 1990s Egypt was using the security solutions in fighting terrorism, it could defeat some terrorists but not terrorism. Will Egypt need more 2 decades to reach the same result?

 

**There is no division between “security solutions” and other solutions – let us say, “development or aid solutions.”  One cannot develop an area like the Sinai or upper Egypt if armed terrorist groups operate freely, moving to assassinate local police or officials in their homes or their vehicles, importing weapons and obtaining cash from outside of Egypt.

 

As stated above, “security” has to be seen holistically – it also concerns preserving the safety and security of citizens and their government.   Terrorists attack civilians and symbols of the state to try to sway other citizens into treating them as a pseudo-state (thus, the very name, Islamic State).  The Egyptian government has much to overcome, but the employment of many Sinai residents in the new Suez Canal project is a boost to security, as is the awarding of reparations to those forced to leave Rafah during the buffer operation.  Security and trust must be constructed on all fronts at the same time – through forums or meetings with the public, assurance that economic needs will be met and controls over the known security gaps – for ex. the hundreds of tunnels into Gaza or the communications between Sinai and Libyan militants.

 

 

 

– The terrorism is getting more brutality if we compared between the old militants (such as Al-Qaeda) and the new ones such as ISIS. What is the reason in your opinion?

 

In my opinion, the al-Qa’ida mother-ship group (the original group) under bin Ladin and Zawahiri learned that the use of extremely brutal tactics and sectarian attacks caused the public to hate and fear it and thus damage the long-term aims of such groups.  Bin Ladin was said to oppose attacks on the Shi`a, either because of this counter-productive response or because his neosalafist mentors coming from the Muslim Brotherhood exiles in Saudi Arabia and those they impacted did so.  al-Zawahiri opposed the attacks on Shi`a in Iraq by al-Qa’ida affiliate groups as well.

 

The Islamic State and Nusra in Syria and Iraq used both carrot and stick approaches, but the media tends to cover their brutal actions and focus less on other factors such as family relationships, actions of revenge and propaganda (public executions).  Like the ABM or WS in the Sinai, they count on the insecurity of the local population and the fact that it is gauging the dangers of cooperating with the state versus themselves.

 

 

– How the security sciences and the applications of those sciences developed since 1990s (especially regarding the war on terrorism)?

 

We should speak of philosophy, theory and practical approaches rather than “sciences.”  The study of war and conflict tends to draw on those maxims or precepts which seem to apply over time.  However, the means of war and technology have altered the applicability of such concepts.

 

We now possess technologically superior gaming facilities, but the best tool remains the imagination and through red-teaming to consider the most likely set of threats or scenarios and second effects resulting from actions taken.

 

There are therefore, some new takes on terrorism which arise from older concepts, so for example, material concerning 4th generation warfare; or the Clausewitzian notion of center(s) of gravity which, in today’s terrorist environment are diffused.   The psychological aspects of terrorism have also been studied with the aim of constructing better antiterrorist responses, or to use specific language, preventing the “slippery slope” to violence.    We now must be concerned with so-called lone wolf or sleeper attacks and the coordination of many terrorist groups outside controllable channels.

 

The relationship between foreign policy goals and aims to control or eradicate terrorism is also being scrutinized by those who are interested in grand strategy.

 

 

– Some opinions say that the security solutions is not enough to end up the terrorism, there is a need for intellectuals to play a rule in fighting terrorist ideas, it’s also war of thoughts.. do you agree with that?

 

**Yes, I agree but there is no point in constructing or insisting on one form of propaganda simply to counter another.   The intellectual war on terrorism has also faltered because we cannot promote freedom – freedom of thought and civil responsibility by accepting a vision of an Islamic society which is not free, but which merely eschews (rejects) violence against the state.

 

For example, the large Salafiyya Jihad movement in the Sinai are not all involved in terrorism, but they promote a conservative social vision which is unfair to some members of society (for ex. women).  In the United States, many of our Muslim organizations which claim to oppose terrorism “from a Muslim perspective” have a similar vision and therefore do not represent a true reform of the type needed.

 

 

– If you are writing a “prescription” to the world leaders to cure the earth planet from terrorism (even, to some extent), what will you write in it?

 

**I would say that seeing terrorism as an illness for which there is a cure is a mistake.  Remember that terrorism is merely a tactic of war.

 

Understanding and vigorously countering the aims and claims of terrorists with regard to the use of jihad, takfir, wala wa-l-bara, and their overall conception of a world in which Muslims should battle all others is key.

 

Supporting intelligence to discover the sources of arms and funding is also key.

 

Building confidence in a world and local communities where equal opportunities exist is most certainly key to convincing local populations to accept the authority of their own governments.

 

And the use of force – what you called in this interview, the security solution – is also very much a key and is going to require regional cooperation, not only between Egypt and Saudi Arabia as in this summer’s Cairo Declarations, but beyond.  Many political circumstances have led to the growth and expansion of terrorist groups – in Syria, Libya, Yemen, Egypt, the GCC, Iraq, Jordan, Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and beyond as well as their funders and supporters elsewhere.  De facto arrangements allowing them to remain in certain locations is no solution at all.

 

Patti Munter Interviews Sherifa Zuhur

16 Jun
7 Questions for Sherifa Zuhur
                                                    By Patti Munter
Sherifa Zuhur is a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies at UC Berkeley,  researcher and author of 17 books. She was a research professor at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College, directed the Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic, and Strategic Studies, taught at MIT, American University in Cairo, UC Berkeley, California State University, Sacramento and was a Senior Fulbright Research Scholar in Syria and Egypt, and a research scholar at Ben Gurion University’s Chaim Herzog Institute.  Her work on Islamist movements in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia has relied on original field research and interviews.  Her dissertation was on the impact of the Muslim Brotherhood and other radical Islamist groups in Egypt whose influence in that country, and in academia and Muslim communities abroad has been profound.  She has tried to draw attention to the growing influence of the Brotherhood and its sister organizations (in Libya, Gaza, Yemen, and Syria) and their links with jihadists.
Americans have a monolithic view of Egypt. Talk to me about the Muslim Brotherhood (MB).  In your view, what does the future hold for the MB in Egypt?
The Muslim Brotherhood first developed in the late 1920s in Egypt as a response to the Westernizing effects of colonialism, and to preserve and develop an Islamic way of life.  From its inception, the organization has drawn on the beliefs of the essentially conservative and deeply religious population to promote a pan-Islamic vision.
In the early to mid-1970s radical Islamist organizations grew and many of them included former Muslim Brotherhood members – namely the Islamic Jihad (IJ) and the Gamaat Islamiyya (GI).  Members of IJ later formed a wing in al-Qaeda; members of GI waged a low-level insurgency against the Egyptian government.  Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood behaved as if it was a political party and also a socio-religious movement, focusing on recruitment, retention, alliances with independents.  It fully expected President Mubarak to alter his antagonism toward them and allow them to retain political seats.
 How easily can you have conversations about Muslim Brotherhood issues with young Arab American students in the US?
Conversations can be quite difficult depending on the degree to which they are influenced by community groups or projects where Islamists dominate.  Liberal students may not really understand the degree to which the MB are committed to bringing about their world vision, and that they are not just one more democratic group or actor to be included in political.
To Arab-Americans who have lived in the region, such discussions are usually clear-cut; many have a healthy fear of Islamist groups. Others grew up with this orientation or married into it.  I was quite shocked to encounter a young woman who firmly supports the MB and wants to work for the overthrow of Sisi who presented herself as a ‘free thinker’ to visiting MB government-in-exile figures speaking at a California university.  As if MB are a cause, like possible extinction of a whale or an animal species that she wants to save. As if they represent a human rights issue. Other young Arab-Americans don’t really have opinions – the MENA is far away for them, they only bump up against the influence of the MB in religious associations.
To what degree have you interacted —or tried to — with MB-tied groups in the US?
While at US Army War College (AWC), I had a lot of problems with some officials and faculty who simply were anti-Muslim. I tried bringing a complaint to CAIR.  What I found was that CAIR represents itself as an advocacy group, but only offers legal assistance in those cases where like-minded individuals suffer discrimination, and it does not pursue many other cases.
I believe Western Muslims should be involved in counterterrorism and security efforts against violent Islam. What bother me most is to see the reliance of some experts and centers on former jihadists (who are Islamists), or community members who are Islamists, whether MB or not.
I watched in disbelief five years ago as Nonie Darwish was disinvited to speak at Princeton about five years ago. Brandeis was also in the news last year: same story, different woman. Thoughts?
Princeton’s disinvitation of Nonie Darwish, like Brandeis’ disinvitation of Ayaan Hirsi Ali was shameful and the result of pressure by students.  All I can say is it is an over-steering, an incorrect characterization of Islamophobia, and a vicious prejudice against two women who support women’s rights and have left Islam.  Converting ‘out’ is considered apostasy, and for that, their high profiles, and firmly anti-Islamist stand, many oppose them.  I am not comfortable with many things Hirsi Ali has done and said, but I would certainly hear her speak.  As we supposedly uphold freedom of speech on our campuses – certainly that should occur.  The other huge division concerns attitudes toward Israel; I suppose Nonie Darwish is not forgiven for her Arabs for Israelorganization.
 After Morsi was elected, you detail how the MB ousted the Minister of Culture. Her replacement vowed to abolish ballet and Islamize Egypt’s film industry.
The MB —via the Freedom and Justice Party— brought in its own ministers. There was great antipathy to the new 2012 Constitution and other actions by Morsi.  He appointed a new minister of Culture, Alaa Abd al-Aziz about a year into his term.  By then the Tamarrod movement had already begun (the petition calling for Morsi to step down).  As Abd al-Aziz made statements about Islamizing the arts – not only doing away with ballet – he fired the directors of the Cairo Opera House, the National Library and Archives, and the General Egyptian Book Organization.    The cast of the Opera appeared onstage in Aidacarrying placards against the Muslim Brotherhood and calling for the end of Morsi’s regime.  Then writers, artists, and performers began a two week sit-in outside of the Ministry of Culture.
What was behind the 2013 calls from Western governments to include MB politically? Was it fear? Naiveté? Corruption?  
Various countries had come to the conclusion that Islamists held so much influence in the Middle East, they should be partners in the struggle against  radical Islamists – a sort of “if you can’t beat them, join them” stance.   They weren’t wrong in understanding that pushing full-out anti-religious secularism would not take, but rather, in imagining that Islamist organizations like the Muslim Brotherhood would ever be inclusive or put anything but its own movement’s interests first.  Numerous Washington-based organizations and NGOs had promoted democracy in which Islamists and non-Islamists would coexist and somehow people would vote down coercive laws or measures.
Strong ties were established between democracy-building organizations and Islamists, so the thought was that since Morsi had won the election, the Muslim Brotherhood must be included in the post 06/30/13 government.  In fact, then Minister of Defense al-Sisi presented multiple offers to the Muslim Brotherhood to include them in some way if Morsi stepped down, but they refused.
You catalogue daily instances of sabotage and violence by the “ansar Morsi.” Are they available to read by public?
  I periodically post logs on Twitter of daily incidents of sabotage and violence by Ansar Morsi, and other radical Islamists.  I do so because a wing of Egypt’s opposition claims that the Muslim Brotherhood are not violent; or they assert that the violence is actually fake and enacted by Egypt’s security forces to have a reason for a crackdown.  Occasionally I post these on my website (sherifazuhurwordpress.com) and I am working on articles and a book which highlights this security campaign.
   The Atlantic copies Egyptian press notices on violence and the Tahrir Institute for Middle East Policy tracks violent attacks. For some reason, both are opposed to Egypt’s government, and they do not connect dots between the resistance, its likely sources of funding, etc.
    They are stuck in the belief that radicalization is caused by repression instead of understanding that radicalization is its own motor and motivation.   .

From One Historian of Egypt to Another: Political Comment and Teleology

18 Apr

In response to Khaled Fahmy’s latest post. (Dr. Fahmy is a historian at the American University in Cairo in the Department of History)

As a a scholar of nineteenth century history, you may term yourself a scholar of ‘modern’ Egypt in the academic sense (in academia, contemporary historians cover the present and recent past, modern historians of Egypt usually cover the period from Napoleon’s invasion to the turn of the century, or beyond) but why — other than demonstrating your command over your own period of expertise — do you believe that institution-building of the nineteenth century is a blueprint for what transpired during and after January 25, 2011? And why insist so specifically that Egypt’s military have NOT saved the country from the sort of bloodletting that Syria’s military engaged in (that is certainly the bottom line)? A contemporary historian would be compelled to admit that the human toll (deaths, torture, imprisonment, death by starvation, refugee numbers) resulting from Syria’s revolution is immensely higher than in Egypt, in absolute numbers and proportionally.

You wrote:

السيسي ومستشاريه مقتنعين فعلا بكده، ومعاهم قطاع كبير من الإعلاميين ال نجحوا في تصوير ٢٥ يناير على إنها مؤامرة من ناس مأجورة بايعة البلد ومش هاممها لو مصر بقت زي سوريا.

لكن الحقيقة غير كده.
Not only do you insist on this point, but you claim it is Field Marshall al-Sisi and his advisors who came to this conclusion, whereas in fact, this idea is asserted by vast numbers of people who would have preferred a civilian candidate if there were a viable one as well as individuals who haven’t yet decided who to support.

You return to Mohammad Ali Pasha’s period to speak of Egypt’s achievements in vaccinating against smallpox and teaching medicine. Then you rightly condemn the current disastrous situation in health care given the epidemics of hepatitis and bilharzia. I too studied with a biographer of Mohammad Ali Pasha, Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid (Marsot). However, her use of these examples of early state development was usually to point out how Great Britain had de-industrialized and discouraged Egypt’s growth and development. Even that is besides the point at present.

While miracles are needed today, in both the sphere of public health, and reform of the judiciary (as you also point out), I don’t see why we must infer that the transitional government, or the one to be elected will necessarily be any worse than the Mubarak government which brought public health, the judiciary, and if I might add, the security sector and public education to their current sorry states, and which led to the violations of human rights alluded to here along with castigation of the military for retaining control over its own budget:

ولما كنا بنهتف ضد العسكر وبنقول “يسقط يسقط حكم العسكر” ما كناش بننادي بتسريح الجيش ولا بهزيمته. إنما كنا بنطالب بحقنا في إننا نتدرب بجد لما نتجند، وإن تجنيدنا ما يبقاش لحساب الهانم مرات البيه الضابط، وإن الجيش دوره ينحصر في الدفاع عن الحدود وما لوش دعوة بمحطات البنزين ولا بصوابع الكفتة، وإن ميزانية الجيش تبقى خاضعة لرقابة المجلس التشريعي علشان الناس تبقى عارفة فلوسها رايحة فين، وإن ضباط الجيش يعرفوا إن دي أموال البلد مش عرق الجيش، وإن ما فيش أي حد يحق له إنه يعذب المواطنين المصريين في المتحف المصري أو أي متحف تاني، ولا يكشف على عذرية البنات المصريات ال نزلوا يطالبوا بحقهم في حياة كريمة، ومؤسسات تخدمهم، وبلد محترم يحترمهم.

People might assume from the above that the military still conduct virginity tests, (they were partially outlawed. http://www.cnn.com/2011/12/27/world/meast/egypt-virginity-tests/) and while it is a shame that Samira Ibrahim’s case against the military failed, is that surprising in the context of disastrous treatment of detainees and prisoners for the last decades? How am I to understand the fact that you single out the military in the latter part of your essay, suggesting that they are ill-prepared to undertake any of the nation’s needed reforms and not the security forces of the Ministry of Interior for what you write is your inability to “be safe in our homes”?

Somehow the impression is given that Egypt is about to elect a military government, and not a civilian government. Why would a ‘modern historian’ choose to give such an impression?

Let’s return to this inaccurate insistence that Egyptian history runs in a unidimensional pattern. The military is not an individual. That numerous motivations may be at work in an organization, is a given. But this is no secret. There is no need to go on insisting that the praetorianism of the Egyptian state is as it was in the 19th century, or the 1950s and ’60s. And there are many aspects on which you are silent — for instance, the U.S. role in promoting the Muslim Brotherhood into seizing its political opportunity post-Feb. 11, 2011. It is likewise popular in many circles to discuss self-serving aspects of the military’s decision, exaggerating their stability and economic holdings.

From all this we don’t gain any new understanding of the two revolutions of 1/25/11 and 6/30/13, mostly because you discounted the phenomena of civilians acting en masse and populism.

In the years I lived and taught in Egypt, I heard many quasi-scholarly discussions begin by asking “Why don’t Egyptians rebel?” and involving grotesque Orientalist assessments of the Egyptian character. I answered by looking at the various theories of revolution we had developed up to that time from Marx to Ted Gurr’s argument in _Why Do Men Rebel_, and concluded that eventually Egyptians would rebel, as they did. This supposed passivity should no longer be part of the currently pressing question of “what did Egyptians gain/what will they gain from the revolution?” Neither should we remain mired in an externally-defined and teleological question, “why do Egyptians assent to the military”? While certain Western journalists obsessively resort to this trope, just as they or their editors love to include the word ‘Pharoah’ in their article titles, you, as a scholar must certainly must be able to discern that it is ahistorical to project consistency from one era (or decade, or period of a few years) onto another. And it is far too soon to conclude “the revolution has failed” or that the military will always dominate.

Here are Khaled Fahmy’s comments in full:
يمكن فعلا الواحد لازم يشرح بديهيات الأشياء.

إحنا فعلا رددنا هتاف “الشعب يريد إسقاط النظام”، وقولنا بعلو صوتنا “يسقط يسقط حكم العسكر”، وطالبنا بقوة ووضوح بضرورة إعادة هيكلة الداخلية. بس هل ده كان يعني إننا كنا عاوزين إننا نسقط الدولة ونجيبها الأرض؟ هل كنا عاوزين فعلا إن جيشنا ينهار؟ هل كنا بنطالب بتحطيم جهاز الأمن وإن البلد تبقى مفتوحة سداح مداح؟

السيسي ومستشاريه مقتنعين فعلا بكده، ومعاهم قطاع كبير من الإعلاميين ال نجحوا في تصوير ٢٥ يناير على إنها مؤامرة من ناس مأجورة بايعة البلد ومش هاممها لو مصر بقت زي سوريا.

لكن الحقيقة غير كده.

أنا ما أقدرش اتكلم عن غيري وأدعي إني عارف كل واحد نزل وهتف ليه ضد النظام والداخلية والجيش. ممكن أتكلم بس عن نفسي.

أنا دارس لتاريخ مصر الحديث، وشايف إنه تاريخ مشرف وجميل. شايف إن إحنا كشعب وكبلد عرفنا نحقق حاجات كثيرة، وبنينا دولة حديثة بمؤسسات حديثة. أنا بأدرس تاريخ المؤسسات دي، تحديدا: الجيش والقضاء والشرطة والمستشفيات (وبشكل أقل الصحافة والنقابات والجامعات). المؤسسات دي هي ال أعطت لمصر الريادة في المنطقة. ريادة مصر على جيرانها مش نتيجة السبعة آلاف سنة والأهرامات ومينا موحد القطرين والكلام ال بيرددوه في الإعلام والمدارس.

الريادة في العصر الحديث سببها إننا بدأنا في بناء مؤسسات الدولة الحديثة قبل جيراننا بماية أو ماية وخمسين سنة على الأقل.

لكن المشكلة إن المؤسسات دي فيها خلل جوهري: المؤسسات دي بتخدم نفسها مش بتخدمنا إحنا كمواطنين.

يعني مثلا: الداخلية مش بتحميني كمواطن لكنها بتمتهن كرامتي وبتعذبني في الأقسام والسجون. ونتيجة لإن ضباطها عارفين إنه لا رقيب عليهم فده خلاهم يهتموا بمصالحهم، ويتراخوا في الارتفاع بمستوى مهنتهم، ونتيجة ده كان تدهور مهارتهم في التحقيقات الجنائية، والنتيجة المنطقية لكل ده هو شعوري أنا كمواطن بعدم الأمان في بيتي.

القضاء نفس الحاجة. أنا دارس تاريخ القضاء المصري الحديث وطالع لي كتاب عن الموضوع ده كمان ثلاثة شهور. القضاء ده كان فعلا شامخ. بالميم فعلا وبجد مش تريقة. إنما ده كان من ماية سنة. النهارده القضاء ترهل وتراخي وتدهور. ما فيش فكر جديد، ولا عدالة ناجزة، ولا رقابة على القضاة. المحاكم منهارة، والعدالة بطيئة، والأحكام جائرة، والناس حقوقها ضايعة.

المؤسسات الصحية نفس الحاجة. أنا برضو دارس تاريخ المؤسسة دي. تاريخ ناصع، مشرف، يخلى الواحد فعلا يفتخر بيه. مصر كانت أول بلد في المنطقة تقوم بحملة ناجحة للتطعيم ضد الجدري، وكانت أول بلد في المنطقة تنجح في القيام بإحصاء عام ودقيق للسكان (سنة ١٨٤٨)، وكانت أول بلد في المنطقة تفتح مدارس طبية (القصر العيني) تدرّس الطب بناء على تشريح الجثث (مش كتب الأقدمين). والنتيجة: القضاء على الأوبئة من كوليرا لطاعون، إنخفاض معدلات الوفيات بين الأطفال، ارتفاع متوسط سن الوفاة، وتحسن ملحوظ في الصحة العامة. إنما ده كان برضه من ماية سنة. ده الوقت مستشفياتنا مرتع للمرض، شهادات الطب بتاعتنا مش معترف بيها في العالم، ومنظومة الصحة العامة منهارة، المرض بيفتك بصحة الناس: أغنياءهم وفقراءهم، والدولة بإهمالها هي ال بتتسبب أحيانا في نشر الأمراض والأوبئة، وخير مثال على ذلك مرض الكبد الوبائي ال كان من أهم أسباب انتشاره هذا الانتشار الرهيب استخدام إبر غير معقمة في مستوصفات وعيادات حكومية في الثمانينات في إطار الحملة القومية وقتها للقضاء على البلهارزيا.

أما الجيش فحدث ولا حرج. الجيش المصري كانت له صولات وجولات، غزى السودان والجزيرة العربية وكريت واليونان والشام وجنوب الأناضول، وحقق انتصارات مدوية. لكن ده برضه من أكثر من ماية سنة. جيشنا الحديث سجله سجل هزائم وانكسارات. وأي هزائم وانكسارات!! ١٩٦٧. أنا ما عنديش أدنى شك إن من أهم الأسباب (ومش كلها علشان ما حدش يقول لي طب وأمريكا وموازين القوى والصهيونية) ال ورا هذا السجل الشائن للجيش المصري الحديث هو غياب الرقابة الشعبية عليه. أنا مش قصدي إن تبقى فيه مناقشة عامة للخطط العسكرية، إنما قصدي إن الشعب، بمجلسه التشريعي، وصحافته، ورأيه العام، ومجلس وزراؤه يبقى له دور رقابي على أداء الجيش. يعني أنا كمواطن مصري اتجندت وخدمت في الجيش (سنة 1986) عندي شكوك حقيقية في الجاهزية القتالية للجيش، لإني بصراحة ما شفتش أي علامة جوه الجيش لقوة قتالية محترفة. كل ال شفتهم ضباط ورتب وفلوس ما لهاش آخر، لكن كل ده مالوش علاقة بالحرب، ولا بالتدريب، ولا بالمناورات ولا بالتحضير لأي قتال من أي نوع، اللهم إلا إذلال المجندين ومسح كرامتهم. وبعد إنهاء خدمتي كل ال شفته من الجيش طرق وكباري ومطاعم وشركات ونوادي ومحطات بنزين “وطنية” وناس بتهلل وتقول تسلم الأيادي. طب والتدريب؟ والتسليح؟ والعقيدة الجهادية بتاعت المؤسسة دي؟ دي أسئلة مش مسموح لينا إننا نقرب منها، مع إنها أسئلة مهمة ومحورية وتخص أمن وسلامة المواطن خاصة إننا عايشين في منطقة من أخطر وأدمى مناطق العالم.

ده تحليلي أنا. أنا لما نزلت يوم ٢٥ يناير والأيام والأسابيع والشهور التالية كنت بأنزل مش علشان عاوز أجيب الدولة دي الأرض. بالعكس. أنا نزلت مع أصحابي وزمايلي ال أظن كانوا بيشاركوني حسرتي على البلد علشان ما كانش هاين علينا التدهور ال شايفينه حوالينا والخراب ال أصاب مؤسسات البلد.

إحنا لما كنا بنهتف بإسقاط النظام ما كناش عاوزين نسقط البلد، إنما كنا عاوزين نسقط النظام الّ خرّب البلد.

لما كنا بننادي بضرورة إصلاح القضاء كنا بنطالب بتحقيق العدالة وبإنهاء الفساد ال بيرتع في صفوف القضاة، وإن المواطن يبقى من حقه الحصول على حقوقه المغتصبة بسرعة وكفاءة ويسر.

لما كنا بننادي بضرورة إعادة هيكلة الداخلية كنا بنؤكد على حقنا في الشعور بالأمن في بيوتنا، وفي نفس الوقت بحقنا في إننا منتعذبش في الأقسام ولا إننا نتهان على إيد أي ضابط شرطة معدّي في الشارع.

ولما كنا بنهتف ضد العسكر وبنقول “يسقط يسقط حكم العسكر” ما كناش بننادي بتسريح الجيش ولا بهزيمته. إنما كنا بنطالب بحقنا في إننا نتدرب بجد لما نتجند، وإن تجنيدنا ما يبقاش لحساب الهانم مرات البيه الضابط، وإن الجيش دوره ينحصر في الدفاع عن الحدود وما لوش دعوة بمحطات البنزين ولا بصوابع الكفتة، وإن ميزانية الجيش تبقى خاضعة لرقابة المجلس التشريعي علشان الناس تبقى عارفة فلوسها رايحة فين، وإن ضباط الجيش يعرفوا إن دي أموال البلد مش عرق الجيش، وإن ما فيش أي حد يحق له إنه يعذب المواطنين المصريين في المتحف المصري أو أي متحف تاني، ولا يكشف على عذرية البنات المصريات ال نزلوا يطالبوا بحقهم في حياة كريمة، ومؤسسات تخدمهم، وبلد محترم يحترمهم.

The Muslim Brotherhood and Acts of Violence in Egypt

10 Apr

Numerous misguided (originally) Asian Muslims in the UK and the US – which are heavily influenced by the Muslim Brotherhood, as well as Pres. Erdogan’s supporters in Turkey are defending criminal actions by members and supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, as well as affiliated groups which have sworn loyalty to ex-President Mohamed Morsi and are engaging in violence on an everyday basis in Egypt.

Among them, Mohamed Elibiary – a political figure entrusted with pursuing terrorism in the U.S. government , has repeatedly stated that the Muslim Brotherhood is unconnected with any acts of violence in Egypt. And I am sorry to say this attitude extends to individuals who supposedly advise on terrorism such as Mubin Shaikh of Canada and numerous members and supporters of CAIR and MPAC.

The Muslim Brotherhood itself issued a statement disavowing any connection with violence recently http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/98626/Egypt/Politics-/Brotherhood-releases-lengthy-statement-condemning-.aspx

The statement omits mention of  President Morsi’s contacts with Mohammad al-Zawahri, the AQAM’s claim to jihad until Morsi is “returned” and the MANY acts of violence below.

Those who read English probably aren’t aware of the trial and evidence (here in links to parts of telephone transcripts) which explain the connection between the Freedom & Justice Party and the Muslim Brotherhood and the radical jihadists in the Sinai.  http://www.raymondibrahim.com/from-the-arab-world/exposed-the-muslim-brotherhoodal-qaeda-connection/

But even discounting that – which I cannot — what about all the daily acts of violence in Egypt which still have not ceased!

Even liberal journalists are swallowing the fantasy that there are no acts of terrorism or violence or subtly (or not so subtly) suggesting they are staged, or describing them as “political violence,” and not terrorism. Quite a few academics (who I know because of my work on Islamist movements within Islamic studies) – notably from Georgetown and Qatar University, University of Arizona, University of Toronto have blasted any effort on academic lists to post or hold discussions about what is going on in Egypt, unless these are rants against al-Sisi/”military dictatorship” or continuing accusations regarding the violence at Rabaa or Nahda last summer. They even rejected the report of Egypt’s National Council on Human Rights – -without reading it, and without realizing that some on that Council had strongly deplored violations of demonstrators and journalists’ rights since June.

I do intend to post some material soon on the campaign in the Sinai and the impact of the political divide in Egypt on its own extremist militants. Until then, here is a brief list of some of the acts of violence since the Mansoura attack, should you need a link to make the point that the Ikhwan have incited violence. (Many but not all were tweeted by Marlyn Tadros at @virtualactivism. Why? Well, you might think these actions were reported by the New York Times, or Washington Post, or McClatchy, and certainly by Reuters or AP, or AFP or in the European news, but in fact not many were. This is why Egyptians have been saying that foreign journalists are mainly concerned with the ‘rights’ of the Muslim Brotherhood, or influenced by their supporters at home.)

 

The Ikhwan leadership could easily diminish this violence by explicitly calling for its supporters and allies to cease attacks on authorities.

 

Apr. 29 #MuslimBrotherhood supporter was killed yesterday in #Damietta protest #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6b8b8107-5f5e-44ae-8222-23c44f4a1919

 

Apr. 28 – The man whose hand-made bomb exploded at home injuring him, his friends and family is none other than AlShater’s driver.

 

Apr. 28 Policeman injured in clashes with the Muslim Brotherhood in Minya http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/policeman-injured-clashes-brotherhood-minya

 

Apr. 28 16000 Muslim Brotherhood prisoners to go on hunger strike on Wednesday http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/16000-brotherhood-prisoners-go-hunger-strike-wednesday

 

Apr. 28 Ikhwan threaten to publicly mobilize after their Supreme Leader Badie is sentenced to death. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/28/1446624

 

Apr. 28 Police entered Alexandria University to break up clashes between demonstrators and campus security personnel. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/28/1446205

 

Apr. 28 Egypt’s jihadists threaten Pepsi. http://english.alarabiya.net/en/variety/2014/04/26/Fighting-the-fizz-Egypt-jihadists-threaten-Pepsi.html

 

Apr. 28 Police clash with Muslim Brotherhood students at Assiut University. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/28/1445934

 

 

Apr. 28 A bomb was found today inside car of an army officer in Bein al-Sarayat, #Giza & was defused. #Egypt

 

Apr. 27 Source at Min of Int claims death of 2 men in shootout w police. The 2 accused of murdering journalist Mayada. http://www.masrawy.com/news/Cases/General/2014/April/28/5887539.aspx#HPOIMPNEWS

 

 

Apr 27 Police dispersed a Muslim Brotherhood march in Matareya using tear gas and birdshot, 7 people were injured. ‪http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/27/1445327 

 

Apr. 27 Ayman al-Zawahiri, leader of al-Qa’ida expressed solidarity with Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and called for AQ to kidnap Americans http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/04/27/al-qaeda-chief-declares-solidarity-muslim-brotherhood-urges-followers-kidnap-westerners/

 

Apr. 27 One family’s connection to Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis from a cell in Egypt http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/25/us-egypt-militancy-insight-idUSBREA3O0E720140425?utm_content=buffer76962&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

 

Apr. 27 Bomb explodes in Ikhwani home in Sharkiya [not Menya] injuring him,2 friends & 3 kids.Trying 2 make net-instructions home-made bomb

 

Apr 27 Gen. Morad al-Muwafi says

Apr. 25

Six ‪#Sinai militants killed; Seven Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members arrested ‪#ABAM‪#Egypt‪http://bit.ly/1faPFMO 

 

Apr. 25 Clashes in Fayoum, leave 2 dead. http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/99798/Egypt/Politics-/Clashes-at-proMorsi-rallies-leave-two-dead-.aspx

 

Apr. 24 Seven Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members arrested in Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=6742e53c-58a6-4127-ad62-e92597afa431

 

Apr 24 Prosecution orders the arrest of 33 from the violence in Aswan (earlier in the month) http://thecairopost.com/news/107755/news/prosecution-orders-arrest-of-33-over-aswans-ethnic-conflict

 

 

 

 

 

Apr. 23 7 (6) militants wounded and 20 injured http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2014-04/24/c_133286532.htm

http://allafrica.com/stories/201404241408.html?aa_source=slideout

 

Apr. 23 Egyptian authorities arrested a man accused of killing 4 Shiites [in July 2013], while attempting to escape to Libya ‪http://thecairopost.com/news/107704/news/suspect-in-shiite-killings-arrested 

 

Apr. 23 Teacher in Sharqiyya allegedly breaks the leg of a student who was singing a song for al-Sisi http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/24/1440636

 

Apr. 23

RT Police BG Ahmad Zaki & another officer assassinated in 6th October ‪#Egypt vid of car http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/23/world/meast/egypt-car-explosion/index.html?hpt=hp_t4

‪https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5oFf_aW41mc …

 

Apr. 22 #MuslimBrotherhood students at #Minya University firing at ppl. #NotAPeacefulDemonstration#Egypthttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYc6z7FBt5M

 

Apr. 22 #MuslimBrotherhood students illegally close off  #AinShams University #Egypthttp://bit.ly/1mu16yy

 

Apr. 21 Bomb found near an October church defused, of course ‪http://bit.ly/1kU5wih ‪#Elwatannews

 

 

Apr. 19 10 extremists arrested and a bomb defused In Northern Sinai http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/security-source-10-extremists-arrested-bomb-defused-north-sinai

 

 

 

Apr. 19 Azhar ‪#MB students blissfully set CBC’s broadcast car afire ‪http://owl.li/vWZbl 

 

Apr. 18 #MuslimBrotherhood burned shops in Ezbat al-Nakhl and their march was dispersed. #Egypt#Ikhwanhttp://thecairopost.com/news/107019/news/mb-burns-shops-in-ezbet-el-nakhl-march-dispersed

 

April 18 Muslim Brotherhood march burns a Sisi supporter’s house in Ezbet al-Nakhl, Cairo   bit.ly/1jQHbZL

 

 

 

 

Apr. 17 Police fire tear gas at Ikhwan marching at Matariyya who respond by throwing bricks and stones http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1619304

 

 

Apr. 17 Giza police conducted operations to arrest leaders of Agnad Masr in Kirdasa, Bulaq and other areas http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/17/1429865

 

 

Apr. 17 Leader of Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis was arrested in the Sinai http://elbadil.com/2014/04/17/سقوط-أبو-أنس-القيادي-بأنصار-بيت-المقدس/

 

 

Apr. 17 ‪Ikhwan leader arrested in ‪#Qena‪#Egypt  ‪http://alhayat.com/Articles/1855764/مصر–ضبط-قيادي-من–الإخوان–في-قنا

 

Apr. 16 A bomb explosion inside a tank wounds an Egyptian soldier in Arish http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=506f8354-74f2-46b0-b0e5-80037a830973

 

Apr. 15 Two were injured in a bomb planted on al-Faisal St. Haram, Giza (after Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis had promised many bombings on 4/15) http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/15/1427417

 

 

Apr 15 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis leader arrested after murder of policeman in al-Arish on Monday (14th) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=17115aba-1dc9-4294-bfcf-60326aa8ae1e

 

 

Apr. 15

Investigators: Engineering students executed bomb attack at CairoUni that killed a senior MOI official 2 weeks ago ‪http://onaeg.com/?p=1604380 

 

Apr. 15 Mohamed Morsi’s release of dangerous prisoners in Egypt is linked to current violence there. http://www.emannabih.com/evidence-on-mohamed-mursis-direct-link-to-terror-acts-in-egypt/

 

Apr. 14

28 Copts were reportedly abducted by extremists in Minya in the last 3 month, ransom reached 6M EGP, police inactive. ‪http://www.light-dark.net/vb/showthread.php?t=1062950247 …

 

Apr. 14 Ikhwan students clash with other students inside Zagazig university campus, throwing stones & police enter to stop it.   http://www2.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1612204

 

Apr. 14 al-Azhar University expels 52 students (for violent demonstrations inside of campus)

 

Apr. 14 Army troops supported police across fr. #Nahda in clashes with #Ikhwan today near and inside Cairo University, where a student in the Faculty of Science called Mohamed Adel Attia is reported dead i

 

Apr. 14 Khaled Hussein, reporter 4 t/daily Youm 7, was shot in the chest during the clashes in front of the university’s main gates.

 

Apr. 14 Bomb discovered in front of N. Giza court, Mohandiseen & defused #Egypthttp://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/478966.aspx

 

Apr. 14 Mohammad Bakry Haroun was arrested on Apr. 12 in Cairo. He’s associated with the Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis, part of the Nasr City network & accused of Dakahliya and Cairo bombings. http://thecairopost.com/news/106323/news/prominent-ansar-bayt-al-maqdis-member-under-investigation-in-cairo

 

 

Apr. 13 The Muslim Brotherhood have reportedly moved their headquarters from London to Graz, Austria, following announcement of investigation into their activities in the UK   http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2603383/Muslim-Brotherhood-moves-headquarters-London-Austria-Cameron-announces-terror-investigation.html

 

Apr. 13 #Nusra Front fighter (#Syria) planned attacks in #Egypt and has been arrested. http://bit.ly/1iHWzUV

 

Apr. 13 #Egypt‘s army spokesman says 3 militants killed, 4 arrested in latest North Sinai operations http://fb.me/186WCYFjb

Also, armored trucks will be carrying recruits in the Sinai.

 

Apr. 13 Bomb found & defused, inside a church #Giza for Palm Sunday #Egypthttp://gate.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/4/28/478506/حـوادث/حوادث-محلية/العثو

 

Apr. 12 Police arrested an 8-member cell of the Muslim Brotherhood called the Deterrence Battalion in Menufiyya http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/eight-member-brotherhood-cell-arrested-monufiya

 

Apr. 12 RT #Ikhwan threw acid in the faces of police in #Fayoum#Egypt some injured http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/13/1422607

 

Apr. 12 – photo of municipality buiding burned by the Ikhwan back in August – in Montazah, Alexandria

‪pic.twitter.com/jED6Bxwr0b

 

Apr. 11 Explosive device defused in Sheikh Zuweid, North Sinai ‪http://goo.gl/bnEBX1 

 

Apr. 11 Muslim Brotherhood attack police with weapons and try to set fire to a checkpoint. Police killed two of them in Gharbiyya. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=ff8ad64c-74b7-4e2a-922d-80d605255e85

 

Apr. 10 Granddaughter of Hassan al-Banna, a university professor struggles to protect the Muslim Brotherhood http://linkis.com/www.voanews.com/cont/5VKvk

 

Apr. 10 Committe leaves #Egypt with documentation of MuslimBrotherhood plotting in UK incuding Kemal Helbawi, N. Ibra;him and others   http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/11/1419991

 

Apr. 10 Brotherhood’s leading businessmen, Youssef Nada claimed on AlJazeera that the Brotherhood has formed new secret leadership.

 

Apr. 10 An second explosion took place in al-Hasri square in 6th of October city just 50 meters away from the first explosion. http://elwatannews.com/news/details/458433

 

Apr. 10 A junior officer & policeman arrested for joining the jihadist group of Tharwat Shehata #Egypt http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/457750

 

Apr. 9 Clashes today between ‪#MuslimBrotherhood (‪Ikhwan) students and police in ‪#AlAzhar, ‪#AinShams, and ‪#Suez Canal universities.

Apr. 9 US designates Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis a ‪#terrorist group. Pretends not to notice connection with ‪#Ikhwan ‪#Egypt ‪http://m.state.gov/md224566.htm

 

Apr. 8 Allegations in the trial of Mohammed Morsi and an explanation of his connections with Ayman az-Zawahiri via his brother Mohammed http://www.raymondibrahim.com/from-the-arab-world/exposed-the-muslim-brotherhoodal-qaeda-connection/

 

 

Apr. 8 Muslim Brotherhood students with weapons and fire inside of Alexandria University http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/egypt/2014/04/08/طلاب-الإخوان-في-معركة-بالأسلحة-النارية-بجامعة-الإسكندرية-.html

 

Apr. 8 Four Islamist militants reportedly killed in North Sinai by Bedouin ‪http://goo.gl/vRXQuZ

 

Apr. 8 Freedom and Justice Party (Muslim Brotherhood) posts a photo of students breaking the 2nd gate at al-Azhar https://www.facebook.com/FJParty/photos/a.185765638151567.48353.185332328194898/726691124059013/?type=1

 

Apr. 8 #Azhar female students burn tires and burn Mustafa al-Nahhas road #Egypt http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1602051

 

Apr. 8 12 homemade bombs found at #AinShams University and defused #Ikhwan ‘peace’ #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/98573/Egypt/Politics-/Ministry-of-Interior—handmade-bombs-found-on-Ain.aspx

Apr. 7 Al Azhar University dismisses 27 students for leading protests inside campus (with violence) http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/azhar-university-dismisses-27-students-leading-protests-inside-campus

 

Apr. 7 Beltagy’s wife threatens al-Sisi http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/07/1413470

 

 

Apr. 6 #Egypt’s university students were busy in 1427 protests this fall — not in class! http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/03/31/students-organised-1427-protests-fall-semester-democracy-meter/

 

Apr. 6 #Egypt’s Interior Ministry spokesman: Militants using foreign fighters who’ve been in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria in coordination with A #Ikhwan; and Ikhwan using students to engage in a 2nd type of violence – http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/98417.aspx

 

Apr. 6 Prosecutor refers #Zawahiri (his brother) & 67 others to court for planning violent attacks. #Egypthttp://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/455163

 

 

Apr. 6 Clashes today at #Cairo University, #Ain Shams University and #AlAzhar University between police and #Ikhwan students. #Egypt

 

Apr. 5 A plot to target al-Gorah airport in #Sinai was thwarted yesterday #Egypthttp://aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=98a34756-3f1f-41b6-be57-8f7458eaa276

 

Apr. 5 Violence broke out in Aswan at a reconcillation meeting on Friday between two families and continued through Saturday. The army spokesperson said there was Ikhwan influence in the clash, but haven’t seen details which prove that, yet. 23 killed, 40 wounded.

 

Apr. 4 Security forces dispersed protesters across Cairo today. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=e3201cdd-a8bb-4e57-b215-d04dd31866fa

 

Apr. 4 Yesterday “gunmen killed 2 young men in the village of Mahdiya, accusing them of collaborating with the army.” ‪http://goo.gl/n9Yp5f ‪

 

Apr. 4 Clashes between #Ikhwan & police in Matariyya. Another ‘peaceful’ Friday. #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/422656

Apr. 3 Policeman shot and killed near #Rafah #Sinai #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/98243/Egypt/Politics-/Policeman-shot-and-killed-in-northern-Sinai.aspx

 

Apr. 2 Three bomb explosions outside ‪#Cairo University, security found a 4th bomb. (Anti-coup blames army/police then backed off that claim) http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/04/02/us-egypt-blast-idUSBREA310LX20140402

 

Apr. 2 Police arrested 7 ‪#Ikhwan a few hrs. b4 bombings ‪#Egypt‪http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/474332.aspx …

 

Apr. 1 #ikhwan allegedly attempted to murder #Coptic family and army officer son in #Sharqiyya#Egypthttp://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/01/1404978

April 1 #Ikhwan students at AinShams University beat up an al-Fajr journalist, took his camera & threatened female journalist http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/01/1405049

April 1 #Ikhwan student demonstrators headed for the Egyptian Ministry of Defense

http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/04/01/1405060

 

Mar. 31 5 killed, 11 woundered and 79 arrested in terrorist Brotherhood protests ‪http://ow.ly/vcB9r

 

Mar. 31 RT #Ikhwan’s “peaceful protesters” burn cars in #Azhar garage #Egypthttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mFcMVPO5_zM

 

Mar. 31 An Ikhwan cell has been arrested in Alexandria for allegedly planning to cut hands and feet of Sisi supporters.

http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/450445

 

Mar. 31

RT Clashes between police and ‪#Ikhwan in ‪#Minya. 1 police injured, 5 arrested ‪#Egypt‪http://dostorasly.com/news/view.aspx?cdate=30032014&id=883df04f-7902-45c6-9b67-70064c50c460

 

Mar. 30 Members of Ansar al-Shari’ah fil Ard al-Kinana were arrested. They’ve taken credit for more than a dozen shooting incidents in Giza, Beni Suwayf and Sharqiyya http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/03/egypt_announces_arre.php?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

 

Mar. 30 Ikhwan students block Sudan St. behind Cairo University clashing with non-Ikhwan citizens and no police presence.

http://elbadil.com/2014/03/30/طلاب-الإخوان-يقطعون-السودان-وغياب-ت/

 

Mar. 30 Violence escalated in front of Cairo University by Ikhwan students http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/473288.aspx

 

Mar. 30 One killed, three more injured in an attack on a police bus western Sheikh Zuwayd today ‪#Sinai‫#

 

Mar. 27 Mayada Ashraf, a journalist for al-Dostour was killed in Ain Shams. 4 others were killed (this reports 3) and 10 wounded. http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2014/Mar-28/251576-egypt-journalist-killed-as-police-islamists-clash.ashx

Mar 27 Egyptians and Ikhwan clashed in Dakahliyya and police and Ikhwan clashed in Faisal st. al-Haram, Giza. Shots were fired in clashes between Ikhwan and police in Mahalla. Ikhwan demonstrations in Qena and three demonstrations in Fayoum were dispersed by police by using tear gas; they also dispersed demonstrators in Madinat Nasr with tear gas.

Mar 27 Ikhwan fired at police in Helwan and police used tear gas. Heavy clashes. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/28/1399097

 

Mar. 27 4 killed in clashes between armed MBs & security forces. Includes a journalist and a Coptic woman (stabbed) ‪http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1582535#.UzWxkZQKYeU.twitter

 

Mar 27 Persons unknown burned an #AlSisi campaign tent set up in #PortSaid#Egypthttp://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1581627#.UzVuxYWv8xI

 

Mar. 26 – Field Marshall al-Sisi formally resigns as Min. of Defense, meets with the military and then announces his candidacy as President. Gen. Sedky Sobhy becomes Min. of Defense.

Mar. 26 1 killed and 30 injured at #Cairo Univ. and #Zagazig Univ.

Mar. 26 Ikhwan students demonstrating in front of Cairo University, chanting against army and police.http://elwatannews.com/news/details/446543

Mar. 25 A new Ikhwan movement called Execution claims it has kidnapped a policeman and have details about 5000 others. http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/445980

Mar. 25 30 June investigative committee says Copts in Upper Egypt are still mistreated, suffering kidnappings and unable to rebuild burned churches. http://www.masrawy.com/news/egypt/politics/2014/march/25/5861238.aspx?ref=moreclip

Mar. 25 A bomb was found at the entrance to the police station at Shubra al-Khayma and was defused. http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2014/03/26/1395423

 

 

Mar. 25 Ikhwan destroyed army-run warehouse distributing food to the poor in #Fayyoum#Egypthttp://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/25/1395349

 

Mar. 25 Today unknown persons burned MobiNil’s tower in #Bahaira#Egypthttp://elwatannews.com/news/details/446253

 

Mar. 25 #Ikhwan surround Helwan police station. Police fire shots in the air and disperse them. http://elwatannews.com/news/details/446255

 

Mar. 25. ‪#Ikhwan supporter publishes call on FB for a Muslim Brotherhood army to confront ‪#Egypt’s police & army

http://almogaz.com/news/talk-shows/2014/03/25/1394276

 

Mar. 25 12 injured as Ikhwan and police clash in Sharqiyya. Ikhwan torched police truck http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/471650.aspx

 

Mar. 25. Ikhwan wearing masks with Rabaa sign burn the electricity main in Mahalla.

 

Mar. 25. Militants blow up gas pipeline again in southern Arish. https://twitter.com/muhamedsabry/status/448604761445904385/photo/1

 

Mar. 24. #Bedouin killed by militants in #Sinai for cooperating with #Egypt’s army/security. http://www.maannews.net/arb/ViewDetails.aspx?ID=684135

 

Mar. 24. School in #Qalubiyya closed today when incendiary device discovered #Egypthttp://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/444849

 

Mar. 24 Ikhwan burn a school to protest death sentences handed down by a judge in Minya. http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-4502752,00.html

 

Mar. 24. Unknown gunmen (suspected to be Islamic militants) shoot and kill a policeman on his way to work in al-Arish. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=3f620134-81ae-49b8-bcb3-037d57ce32b7

 

Mar. 23. RT Two homemade bombs deactivated in #Cairo University. http://owl.li/uRTxg #Egypt

 

Mar. 21 8 Ikhwan arrested during violent clashes in Suez. Ikhwan also throw fireworks on AlHaram St. in Giza. 1 killed in Haram, unconfirmed reports that one person killed in Alexandria where there were also clashes, and clashes in Bahaira, Minufiyya, Gharbiyya and Fayoum. ‪http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/97220/Egypt/Politics-/One-dead-in-clashes-between-proMorsi-protesters-an.aspx

 

Mar. 21 Police in alFashn, Bani Sweif, foiled an attempt to blow up a branch of the National Bank. They found 2 explosive devices inside bank.

http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/414587

 

Mar. 20 ‪Ikhwan throw rocks at British consul’s police escort & injure a woman in ‪#Bahaira‪#Egypt‪http://www.masrawy.com/news/Cases/General/2014/March/20/5857167.aspx …

 

Mar 19 3 students killed today in clashes between pro-Morsi & police in universities across Egypt. Protests at Cairo University met with tear gas.

 

Mar 19 5 Ansar Jerusalem fighters killed in clashes at Qanatir al-Khayriyya http://www.longwarjournal.org/threat-matrix/archives/2014/03/egypt_says_5_ansar_jerusalem_f.php

 

Mar 18. Police trucks arrive after #Ikhwan students demonstrateing at al-Azhar block roads in the area. block http://elbadil.com/2014/03/18/مدرعات-الشرطة-تصل-محيط-جامعة-الأزهر/

 

Mar. 18 Ansar al-Shari3a says it murdered policemen because Morsi was deposed and for arrested Ikhwan women. http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/468888.aspx

 

Mar 18. Campaign called Batel calls for mobilization on Mar. 19th to bring back Morsi http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/18/1384178

 

 

Mar 18 Police raid pro-Rabaa conference in Garden City in Cairo and hold the attendees. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c44517a4-4eeb-450c-b85f-3693ff2b6315

(The above was also disputed today)

Mar. 18 #Ikhwan at #AlAzhar beat a campus security police unconscious & kidnap him off the campus. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/18/1384125

Mar 16. Two men arrested planting bombs at high voltage towers in Giza supplying electricity to Haram, Faisal and other areas wo men arrested planting bombs at high voltage towers in Giza supplying electricity to Haram, Faisal and other areas ‪http://arabic.rt.com/news/668847-%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1_%D8%AA%D8%AE%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A8_%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B7_/ …

Mar. 15 Gunmen kill six army police officers in an attack near Cairo http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=c1235819-e9f9-4a6f-8035-dd351281e9b2

Mar. 14. Shaikh Moza of Qatar denied Saad Eddin Ibrahim’s claims about her support of 30 June & re alJazeera being run by Ikhwan http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1556242

 

Mar 14. Ikhwan clashed with people on al-Haram street and burned a store. http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2014/03/14/1378400

 

Mar. 14 Police used tear gas in Shoubra al-Khayma to disperse crowed which tried to block their truck http://www.youm7.com//News.asp?NewsID=1556695#.UyNFmmDGtGk

 

Mar. 14. Police dispered Ikhwan protesters today at Ain al-Shams; the protesters destroyed the cameras at the Matariyya Institute nearby. http://elwatannews.com/news/details/437398

 

Mar. 14 Pro-MB cleric Abdel Maksoud on Rabia TV says it’s peaceful to burn houses, cars of policemen nad terrorize opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood http://youtube/s6yDuGzjMuQ

Mar. 13 Saudi Arabia arrests the Ikhwan’s (Muslim Brotherhood’s) al-Shaer http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1554069#.UyRz62DGtGk

 

Mar. 13 Terrorist group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis disguised as Egyptian army and standing at a checkpoint in Rafah https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_mDQQ2uizoQ

Mar. 13 Gunmen attacked an army bus in al-Amiriyyeh in eastern Cairo, killing a soldier. These are believed to be Ikhwan cells, or at least, its supporters. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis later claimed responsibility. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26559184

Alsohttp://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=a9b82f18-8bee-4911-b259-286c14d785e7

http://www.youm7.com//News.asp?NewsID=1555005

 

Mar 12. Saudi Arabia closes al-Jazeera’s office over Qatar’s support for Muslim Brotherhood. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-arabia-closes-local-al-jazeera-office-over-qatars-backing-for-the-muslim-brotherhood-9187856.html

 

Mar. 12 T #Ikhwan students demonstrating in front of #Cairo University #Egypthttp://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/466521.aspx

Mar. 12. Dahi Khalfan says Gulf-based Ikhwan are funding the rebellion in Egypt. http://english.alarabiya.net/en/webtv/news-bulletin/2014/03/12/1300GMT.html

 

Mar. 12 Ikhwan students gathered in front of Grand Imam’s house protesting arrest of female students.

طلابالإخوانبالأزهريحتشدونأمامبيتالطيباحتجاجًاعليمحاكمة 5 طالبات‪http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/466539.aspx …

 

Mar. 12 Interpol arrested Akram al-Shaer arrested in ‪#SaudiArabia and Mohammad Qabouti in ‪#Kuwait‪#Ikhwan‪#Egypt‪http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=11218795 …

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/96539.aspx

 

Mar 10 Unknown gunmen try to kill a policeman in Sharqiyya

Mar 9 #Ikhwan burn OnTV truck in front of ‪#Cairo Univ ‪#Egypt‪http://elbadil.com/2014/03/09/ طلاب-الإخوان-يشعلون-النيران-في-سيارة/‪#9iZKYQBIc9HFVqKJ.99

 

Mar 9 13 arrested at a bomb workshop in the Sinai in Arish city http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=79144edf-5874-4882-b715-c6b107718b9b

 

Mar 8 A bomb exploded today near the refugee center in October City. #Egypt http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/406850#

 

Mar 8 #Ikhwan students march against the return of campus police and for the release of other detained #Ikhwan students http://elwatannews.com/news/details/433028

 

Mar. 8 #Ikhwan students destroy electronic gates outside Mansoura University http://www.youm7.com//News.asp?NewsID=1545257

 

Mar. 8 Ikhwan women in Alexandria chant “US save them from violence” (yesterday, they were chanting against the US in Cairo) http://elwatannews.com/news/details/432993

 

Mar. 7 Hayat journalist harassed and attacked on live TV as she was covering Ikhwan demos in Alf Maskan

‪http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/07/1369010

Mar 7 Ikhwan dead in Alf Maskan as gunfire exchange with police begins. ‪#egypthttp://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/03/07/1368998

Mar 7 Police car torched on 26th of July axis to October 6th in front of Hyper one market by an MB demo

Mar 7 Police secretary killed in al-Arish #Egypt http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/egypt/2014/03/07/دماء-شرطي-مصري-تسيل-في-شمال-سيناء-برصاص-مسلحين.html

 

Mar 7 RT 5 police killed & 7 injured in #Matariyya #Egypt http://www2.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1543744#.Uxn_L2DGtGk

 

Mar 7 RT #Ikhwan burned police truck in Faisal St. #Haram #Egypt http://elwatannews.com/news/details/432268

 

Mar 7 Clashes between Ikhwan/pro-Ikhwan and security in Fayyum, Minya and Alexandria (since Ikhwan had organized protest demos today)

 

Mar. 6 Armed gunmen fire on pro-Sisi marchers in Shaykh Zuwaid http://elwatannews.com/news/details/431646

 

Mar. 6 National Council for Human Rights completes a report on police brutality in the Rabaa and Nahda dispersals & releases a video showing armed gunmen. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MvIwvbOLNSw

 

Mar 6. Unidentified person(s) ignite a police car at Manial.

 

Mar 5 10 militants killed & 43 arrested in Sinai – according to Egyptian Army spokesman https://www.facebook.com/Egy.Army.Spox/posts/447169592080695?stream_ref=10

 

Mar 5 Israel says it seized a Gaza-bound rocket shipment coming from Iran. http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/05/us-israel-gaza-ship-idUSBREA240X720140305?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter&dlvrit=992637

 

Mar 5 Bomb explodes near courthouse compound in Qena. No injuries.

 

Mar. 3 Attacks on police across Egypt – in addition to those below in Giza and Beni Souef, there were attacks in Mansoura and the Aswan http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/95763/Egypt/Politics-/Attacks-on-police-officers-continue-across-Egypt.aspx

 

Mar. 3 Police sergeant shot dead by ‘unknown’ gunmen in Beni Souef #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=cbdb41a2-257f-4db2-ba16-f3a91e17b6b7

 

Attack on an ambulance in #Giza kills 1 policeman & wounds 1 #Egypt http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=df6382d7-3be9-4606-9ed0-f3d259bdc02a

 

Mar. 2 Clashes broke out outside Imbaba police station between police and the army as army was charged to secure the station.

 

Mar. 2 Three devices (bombs/proto-bombs) found on train to Banha and in Shubra station and were defused ‪www.marsadamny.com/t~7061

 

Mar. 2 8 Ikhwan were arrested for the burning of Samaloot police station. They had 2 bombs in their possession.

ضبط 8 إخوان متهمين بحرق مركز سمالوط بحوزتهم قنبلتان محليتا الصنع ‪http://www.youm7.com//News.asp?NewsID=1534382 …

 

Mar. 2 Mohammed Zammar (Ansar ash-Sham) was released with other 5 Islamists in a swap. He was imprisoned for being MB member ‪pic.twitter.com/yh0sElvz4X

Mar. 1 10 extremists killed, 11 arrested in Northern Sinai (in Arish, Rafah and Shaykh Zuwaid) http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=78e8c1ca-c706-42c3-ab19-8bf98cacd6ed

 

Mar. 1 After clashes, police arrested 10 pro-Muslim Brotherhood in Ain Shams, Marg and Walli and a 13 year old was killed in clashes in the Matariyya area of Cairo. 2 police were injured. The rioters threw a bomb at security forces which was defused, and set a microbus on fire. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=d2e1c6a4-cfe5-4b8b-910f-c99e6f91e208

 

Feb. 28 2 dead, 16 injured in clashes between supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood and police at demonstrations in Cairo, Alexandria – and also 5 injured in Minya.

http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/402305

 

Feb. 28 A fruit vendor was beaten up by Ikhwan with chains & knives bec he asked them to stay away from his shop

‪http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/427660

 

Feb. 24 Arrests made of 8 Muslim Brotherhood members for using social networking sites to promote violence. Sites include Molotov Movement Against the Coup http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/members-social-networking-groups-arrested-inciting-violence-against-police-and-army

 

Feb. 24 Bombs found inside court & registry at Kafr al-Dawwar http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/bombs-found-inside-court-and-civil-registry-kafr-el-dawar

 

Feb. 22 Attackers on a motorbike shot an NSA officer in Zagazig (who died). http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/interior-ministry-nsa-officer-shot-dead-sharqiya

 

Feb. 21 A knife attack kills a Christian woman in upper Egypt.

http://www.christiantoday.com/article/knife.attack.kills.christian.woman.in.southern.egypt/35944.htm?utm_content=buffercbb10&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

 

Feb. 21 Car belonging to the Tahrir Channel was burned) on Haram [street] and Ikhwan supporters were dispersed by security forces in the Arish area of Haram afte.http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/422565

Feb. 21 Beni Swayf, police aborted an attempt by 2 MB terrorist organization members to set fire to a police officer private car. He was injured & hospitalized. MB member Ahmed Ihab was arrested and the other member Belal Nehad Akasem, son of the leading MB member Nehad Alkasem in Beni Swaif. (source Min. of the Interior)

Feb. 21 Ultras Ahlawy clash with police and burn a police car after al-Ahli wins Africa Super Cup. 24 injured. http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/02/21/dozens-injured-ultras-ahlawy-police-clash/

 

 

Feb. 21 Police vehicle set on fire early in the am. In Alexandria.

 

Feb. 20 Bomb squad investigating a device reported in Coptic graveyard in Damas, Meet Ghamr.

 

Feb. 20 Policemen will get 30 percent of their basic pay as risk compensation, effective 1 March http://bit.ly/1ffbycD

Feb. 20 Three drive-by shootings in #Sharqiyya within 24 hours #Egypt http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/94794.aspx

Feb. 20 Some professors who either were Ikhwan or supporting them are fired by Cairo University and students involved in violent actions as part of protests were expelled. http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/egypt/2014/02/19/فصل-دراج-والأستاذ-المتورط-في-سحل-ضابط-بجامعة-القاهرة.html

Feb. 20 6 jihadists killed in the Sinai by armed forces. http://madamasr.com/content/6-jihadis-killed-10-arrested-north-sinai

Feb. 19 RT #Egypt al-Zomor and Abd al-Meguid, ‘former’ terrorists seek asylum in the UK http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/02/19/1346179

Feb. 18 2 arrested for bomb manufacturing and other offenses in Mohandiseen and Giza. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/two-arrested-over-manufacturing-bombs-mohandiseen

Feb. 18 Cairo University expels 350 & Rabaa tshirts etc. forbidden #Egypt #Ikhwan http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/02/18/134487

 

Feb. 18 RT Cairo U. refers Pakinam Sharqawi (for involvement in the summer riots) and Seif Abd al-Fattah (for being employed by presidency w/o permission from the university) to investigation http://www.ahram.org.eg/NewsQ/260327.aspx

 

Feb. 18 Unknown assailants fire on police checkpoint at Assiut wounding a policeman and a passerby http://elwatannews.com/news/details/420179

 

Feb 17 Army conscript shot by smugglers on the Egyptian-Israeli border south of Rafah. http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/smugglers-wound-conscript-borders-israel

 

Feb. 16 Egypt tourist bus blast killed 4: Three South Korean tourists, the Egyptian busdriver and injured nearly all 33 on board. Bus blew up after it entered Egypt from Israel. ‪http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-26217380 …

 

Feb. 15 3 children and 1 adult injured by an explosion in Medinat Nasr behind a police station http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/394397

 

Feb. 14 Bomb thrown in front of Talibya police station – bomb squad tries to defuse

http://almogaz.com/news/crime/2014/02/14/1339458

 

Feb. 13 Yesterday 2 security at #Saqqara died as 2 gunmen fired on them. http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/02/13/1338444

Feb. 13. 3 arrested near the bomb-throwing at al-Warraq (yesterday aren’t Ikhwan but an independent cell.) http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/455969.aspx

Feb. 12 A policeman standing guard outside Mar Guirguis Church is fatally shot http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/416750

Feb. 12 Three people on a motorcycle throw a bomb in a street in al-Warraq which was defused by the Egyptian bomb squad. ‪http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsI

 

Feb 12 Detained Egyptian ‪@USEmbassyCairo employee’s name appeared in e-mails 2top MBs that leaked to media ‪http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/220750

 

Feb. 12 108 Ikhwan who were arrested during violent clashes in Minya have been released on bail. http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/416394

Feb 10 Men on motorbike kill a policeman in Isma’iliyya http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/policeman-killed-gunmen-ismailia

 

Feb. 10 Ikhwan clash with teachers in Sharqiyya because teachers were gathering signatures to challenge the Ikhwan in the (teachers) syndicate

http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1500866&#.UvpAS2DGtGk

 

‪Feb. 10 Egyptian authorities accuse Muslim Brotherhood of forming an armed wing: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/10628009/Egypt-authorities-accuse-Muslim-Brotherhood-of-forming-military-wing.html

 

Feb. 9 More details on Muslim Brotherhood’s formation of a military wing http://uk.news.yahoo.com/egypt-says-muslim-brotherhood-formed-military-wing-173410512.html#PioO7RA

 

Feb. 8 Egypt’s army spokesman says airstrikes in Sinai Peninsula kill 16 armed fighters with ties to Muslim Brotherhood ‪http://aje.me/1cg7AKu

 

Feb. 8 New group calling itself Ajnad Misr on a Facebook page claims responsibility for Friday’s bombs in Cairo. http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=29682809-a831-4267-ae2f-8db8cb887574

 

Feb. 7, Riot police stabs officer to death yelling “Halal, Allahu Akbar”

Feb 7 Two bombs injure 4 at checkpoint on Fri. am http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/02/07/update-six-injured-police-checkpoint-bombing/

 

Feb. 7 Ikhwan carrying rifles in Feisal, Giza

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXNpACXemTM

 

Feb 5, 2014. Muslim Brotherhood release home addresses of police officers. http://www.alwafd.org/تقارير-وتحليلات/620083-35-ألف-ضابط-بالداخلية-يبحثون-عن-التأمين

 

Feb. 4, 2014. The Ikhwan burn the home and car of an al-Sisi supporter in Sharqiyya who had killed an Ikhwan member after a previous clash http://dostor.org/الأخبار/قلب-مصر/366160-عناصر-الإرهابية-يحرقون-منزل-وسيارة-مؤيد-للسيسي-بالشرقية

 

Feb. 4, 2014. A Muslim Brotherhood member (or supporter?) arrested in Beni Souaif with an RPG. http://www.elwatannews.com/news/details/410843

 

Feb. 4, 2014. Clashes in Fayyum between Ikhwan and police and 3 civilians are injured as a consequence. http://dostor.org/الحوداث/حوادث/366140-إصابة-3-في-اشتباكات-عنيفة-بين-الإخوان-والشرطة-بالفيوم

 

Feb. 4, 2014. Two soldiers injured in a bomb explosion in central ‪#Sinai. Bomb went off on the road as their truck drove by.

http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1489879#.UvEOxGDGtGk

 

Feb. 4, 2014 Security thwarts a terrorist plot to try to blow up a beacon [lighthouse] in the Suez Canalhttp://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1490172#.UvEO7mDGtGk

 

Feb. 4, 2014 2 explosive devices containing large amounts of TNT were found near a school in Badr City, New Cairo. Bomb squad defused them

http://www1.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1490025&SecID=65

 

Feb. 4, 2014 Jihad movement breaks away from the Coalition to Support Legitimacy (the group of pro-Morsi jihadist groups) says the coalition failed. http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/388281#

 

Feb. 4, 2014 Copts complain they are making jizya payments to Islamist extremists, still fear for their lives & police not doing anything. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2yK3Tqz1gwU#t=102

 

Feb. 4, 2014 A new movement called HanRa3bku (We’ll Scare You) starts and attacks police in Assiut http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/02/03/1322726

 

Feb. 2, 2014 Bomb defused near the fence of military installation in Hurghada http://www2.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1486453#.UvEUC2DGtGk

 

Feb. 2, 2014 15 year old arrested at #Ikhwan march in possession of 9 hand grenades . http://www2.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1486453#.UvEUC2DGtGk

http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/details/386991#

 

Feb. 2 Statement of suspects in Virgin Mary incident in court (one trained by Zawahiri [brother]) other against leaders who don’t support shari`ah http://www.shorouknews.com/news/view.aspx?cdate=02022014&id=a074aaf2-1282-4839-8f9b-ac198c67ee1d

 

Feb. 1 4 Ikhwan members arrested in Alexandria – 2 trying to set police cars on fire and 2 others filming them.

 

Feb. 1 An Ikhwan dissident claims Ikhwan are trying to force the police into violence against them. Says Ikhwan planning commemoration of Battle of the Camel (which they were NOT victims in) on Feb. 11 http://www.youm7.com/News.asp?NewsID=1485565#.UvEgX2DGtGk

 

Feb 1 One of the Islamists who threw kids off a building in the summer, is at his trial trying to lead prayer. (Weeks later, he was later convicted) http://almogaz.com/news/politics/2014/02/01/1321348

 

January 31 Bomb (a soundbomb) went off at residence of Belgian Ambassador to Cairo

January 31, Two rockets exploded over Eilat as Israel’s Iron Dome defense system intercepted them. ABM claimed responsibility.

 

January 30, Senior officer’s Lt. Col. Amr Hassan (a senior prosecutor) car blown up by Molotov cocktails and a bomb in Minya, in upper Egypt. AMB claims responsibility. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/93027.aspx

 

Jan 25 Ikhwan attack police with weapons and Molotovshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GsdDvoJus_w

 

Jan. 24 4 Explosions rocked Cairo killing 5, car bomb near police headquarters, at a metro station in Dokki, police station near Talbia and at a movie theater, killing one http://world.time.com/2014/01/24/explosions-rock-cairo-five-dead-scores-injured/

Jan. 20 Two blasts heard near Eilat. At least one was a rocket fired from the Sinai. http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/92088.aspx

The Egyptian Military’s Holdings – Speculations.

4 Apr

Giovanni Piazzeze quotes me in the article below in http://www.pagina99.it/ (I’ve given him 3 interviews, but this is the 1st article I’ve seen) — I am not surprised by Robert Springborg’s opinion.  (He is employed at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey whereas I am independent, meaning my opinion is not vetted by anyone in the military’s Public Affair’s office.  I do not know if the NPS’s PAO is as invasive as the one at the U.S. Army War College (where I was)  or if the command cares as much about what is written, I doubt it).  Just know that Springborg has signed a petition asking the US to interfere in Egypt against “the coup”  & wrote disparaging articles about both Sedki Sohbi and al-Sisi (the latter based on Andrew Bostom’s FOIA request to the Army War College to obtain al-Sisi’s paper (which I’ve had here all along, pretty funny how he tries to make him seem like an Islamist in his effort to help Islamists).

Arguments that Egyptian military is so wealthy that it enacted the revolution to protect its  own holdings – well that’s the kind of argument that Jadaliyya likes. But it just does not hold up to scrutiny.  As I tried to explain to Giovanni (not included below) much of the critique of military industries is based on a general laissez-faire liberal capitalist stance in which there should be no government-owned industries as they are inherently inefficient.   However, they provide employment to thousands in Egypt.

BOZZA PAGINA MILITARI 5200 BATTUTE
Nell’Egitto paralizzato dagli attentati terroristici e dal crollo dell’economia, concetti come stabilità politica e sicurezza economica sono divenuti i capisaldi di qualsiasi dibattito. Se la responsabilità della prima ricade sull’esercito e la polizia, la seconda, almeno in teoria, dovrebbe dipendere dai capitali degli azionisti e dal coinvolgimento d’imprenditori pubblici e privati. Tuttavia, in Egitto una fetta importante dell’economia nazionale è sotto il controllo dell’esercito, slegata da qualsiasi norma generalmente applicabile agli uomini d’affari presenti nel paese. Sin dal 1952 l’esercito ha avuto un ruolo determinante. Dapprima a livello politico, con esponenti delle forze armate inseriti nelle posizioni ministeriali più importanti. Successivamente a livello economico, quando la firma del trattato di pace con Israele nel 1979 non rendeva più necessario il mantenimento di un esercito numeroso. L’effetto potenzialmente destabilizzante generato dal trattato era di lasciare molti membri dell’esercito senza un’attività lavorativa.
Così Mubarak, succeduto a Sadat nel 1981, decise di creare l’Organizzazione Nazionale per i Prodotti di Servizio, il cui fine era quello di assorbire la massa di persone estromesse dalle forze armate attraverso la creazione di entità commerciali e manifatturiere. Insieme al Ministero per la Produzione Militare e all’Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI), formano l’ossatura attorno a cui è stato costruito l’impero economico dei militari egiziani. Molte di queste attività sono esentate dal pagamento delle tasse, ricevono numerose agevolazioni fiscali e possono essere collocate praticamente ovunque, stando a una legge approvata nel 1991 secondo cui l’esercito può requisire per motivi di sicurezza nazionale le terre di cui ha bisogno. Non solo, dunque, le aziende che producono armi e mezzi militari, ma anche le fabbriche di beni di consumo quali acqua, pasta, olio, carne, elettrodomestici, automobili ed altro ancora. Nel corso degli anni l’esercito ha esteso i propri interessi anche nel ramo della sanità, del petrolio, del gas, del cemento e del turismo.
Esistono tuttavia delle incognite sul peso dei militari nell’economia egiziana, a partire dalla percentuale del Pil generato dalle loro aziende, su cui circolano cifre comprese tra il 5 e il 40%. Proprio pochi giorni fa, il Financial Times ha pubblicato un articolo in cui il generale Mohammed Amin, capo del dipartimento degli affari finanziari dell’esercito, riferiva che la quota del Pil in mano alle forze armate non raggiungesse neanche l’1% (1,75 miliardi di dollari). Graeme Bannerman, direttore del Middle East Institute, ritiene che “solo l’11% dell’economia sia nelle mani dell’esercito”. Anche Sherifa Zuhur, esperta di questioni mediorientali e che ha avuto tra i suoi allievi anche il generale Al-Sisi, è convinta che le cifre diffuse da molti media siano esagerate “Non mi sorprenderei se le cifre menzionate da Amin fossero un po’ più grandi, ma non di molto. Probabilmente la vera ricchezza dei militari egiziani risiede nel possesso della terra e nella partecipazione di ufficiali ed ex ufficiali nella gestione d’imprese commerciali. Un fatto, questo, riscontrabile anche negli Stati Uniti, ma con una differenza sostanziale. Negli Stati Uniti gli ufficiali in pensione vengono riassunti da compagnie private, mentre in Egitto vengono ricollocati all’interno di aziende di proprietà dell’esercito stesso”. Di parere diverso è invece Robert Springborg, che ha insegnato per anni alla Naval Postgraduate School di Monterey “Non esistono numeri ufficiali perché né il governo né i militari hanno mai reso pubblici questi dati. Ritengo, però, le cifre al ribasso sottostimino il ruolo dei militari nell’economia egiziana. Tutti sanno che l’esercito è responsabile per la maggior parte dei progetti infrastrutturali del paese, oltre ad avere un ruolo fondamentale nel settore degli idrocarburi, dei trasporti e dei consumi. I soli contratti edilizi fruttano centinaia di milioni di dollari”.
Al di là delle percentuali, variabili e poco indicative poiché non ufficiali, il problema risiede nella qualità, più che nella quantità, dell’economia dei militari. Già in passato, in un articolo pubblicato su Foreign Policy, Zeinab Abul Magd, docente presso l’Oberlin College, ha denunciato l’inefficienza e il clima di corruzione attorno alle forze armate. Opinione condivisa anche dallo stesso Springborg “La gestione delle attività economiche da parte dei militari è subordinata ai rapporti di potere che intercorrono tra i suoi membri. Per questo è un sistema intrinsecamente inefficiente e corrotto”.
Mercoledì sera il generale Al-Sisi ha ufficialmente dichiarato di essere pronto a candidarsi. Se, come ci si aspetta, sarà lui a vincere, dovrà affrontare una serie di problemi irrisolti. Dagli scioperi che hanno paralizzato il paese alla svalutazione della moneta e all’aumento dei prezzi (+69% dal 2010 per ciò che concerne bevande non alcoliche e cibo). Senza dimenticare la minaccia degli attentati terroristici e i rapporti con gli altri paesi, soprattutto con gli Stati Uniti. Cambiamenti che richiedono uno sforzo corale e che il prossimo presidente, a prescindere da chi sarà, non potrà raggiungere da solo.

Now Google translator is particularly bad with the double negatives but this will give you an idea:  


In Egypt paralyzed by the terrorist attacks and the collapse of the economy, concepts such as political stability and economic security have become the cornerstones of any debate. If the responsibility falls first on the army and the police , the second , at least in theory, should depend on the capital of the shareholders and the involvement of public and private employers . However , Egypt is an important part of the national economy under the control of the army, without ties to any rule generally applicable to businessmen in the country. Since 1952 the Army has played a crucial role . First, at the political level , with members of the armed forces included in the most important ministerial positions . Subsequently, at the economic level , when the signing of the peace treaty with Israel in 1979 did not make it no longer necessary to maintain a large army . The potentially destabilizing effect generated by the Treaty was to leave many members of the army without employment.
So Mubarak , who succeeded Sadat in 1981 , he decided to create the National Organization for the Products service , whose aim was to absorb the large numbers of people driven out by the armed forces through the creation of business entities and manufacturing . Together with the Ministry of Military Production and to the Arab Organization for Industrialization (AOI) , form the backbone around which was built the empire of the Egyptian military . Many of these activities are exempt from paying taxes , they receive numerous tax benefits and can be placed almost anywhere , according to a law passed in 1991 that the army can requisition for reasons of national security of the land it needs. Not only that, therefore , the companies that produce weapons and military means, but also factories for consumer goods such as water, pasta, olive oil , meat, household appliances, automobiles and more. Over the years, the army has also expanded its interests in the field of health care, oil, gas , cement and tourism.
However, there are uncertainties about the weight of the military in the Egyptian economy , from the percentage of GDP generated by their companies , over which numbers between 5 and 40 % . Just a few days ago , the Financial Times published an article in which General Mohammed Amin , head of the department of financial affairs of the army , reported that the share of GDP in the hands of the armed forces did not reach even 1% (1, 75 billion dollars). Graeme Bannerman , director of the Middle East Institute , believes that ” only 11 % of the economy is in the hands of the army .” Even Sherifa Zuhur , an expert on Middle East issues and that he had among his pupils also the General al- Sisi , is convinced that the figures published by many media are exaggerated “I would not be surprised if the figures mentioned by Amin were a bit ‘ bigger , but not by much. Probably the real wealth of the Egyptian military lies in the possession of the land and in the participation of officers and former officers in the management of commercial enterprises. A fact that is also reflected in the United States , but with one major difference . In the United States retired officers are summarized by private companies , while in Egypt are relocated within companies owned by the military itself. ” A different opinion is instead Robert Springborg , who has taught for years at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey “There are no official numbers because neither the government nor the military has never made ​​this information public . However, I believe the figures downward underestimate the military’s role in the Egyptian economy . Everyone knows that the army is responsible for most of the infrastructure projects in the country, as well as having a key role in the hydrocarbon sector , transport and consumption. The only construction contracts earn hundreds of millions of dollars. ”
Beyond the percentage variables and just as indicative unofficial , the problem lies in the quality , rather than quantity, the economy of the military. In the past , in an article published in Foreign Policy , Zeinab Abul Magd , a professor at Oberlin College, has denounced the inefficiency and corruption of the climate around the armed forces. Opinion is also shared by the same Springborg ” The management of economic activities by the military is subordinate to the power relations that exist among its members . For this is an inherently inefficient and corrupt . ”
Wednesday night the General Al- Sisi has officially declared to be ready to apply . If , as expected , he’ll win , will face a number of unresolved issues . By the strikes that paralyzed the country to currency depreciation and rising prices ( +69 % since 2010 as regards non-alcoholic beverages and food). Not to mention the threat of terrorist attacks and relations with other countries , particularly the United States. Changes that require a collective effort , and that the next president, regardless of who will not be able to reach alone.

From Russia and Egypt to Obama’s Vision (If one exists) By Sherifa Zuhur

17 Feb

 

1. Spent the day today responding to Prof. X – or rather biting my tongue.  Prof. X has  especially objected to a previous post I wrote at this blog about a former Fellow of the War College, Gen. al-Sisi and a post by an eyewitness to the so-called Nahda massacre (i.e. the ending of the Nahda demonstrations.)  I stand by what I wrote.  

The professor-student relationship is a very tenuous one.  We don’t shape anyone’s minds, we merely have an opportunity to offer certain thoughts on certain topics.  I’ve had many fabulous students who I admire greatly – including some journalists now working in Egypt, a WHO official, an environmental specialist, an expert at the United Nations, aides to politicians, and my military/governmental ‘students’ were in a special category as working professionals at the time of their studies.  

2. Here is some information from an interview today on the 2/2 Egyptian-Russian ‘deal’.

Q.  On the cooperation agreement between Egypt and Russia
SZ My understanding is that there may be a military cooperation agreement & that in turn could lead to an economic agreement – for now it is simply to be an intergovernmental commission on trade  and economic cooperation –
— but certainly it will be unlike that of the Nasserist era.   The agreement dates back to the Russian officials’ visit to Egypt in November 2013.  Had the U.S. not suspended military aid to Egypt, then Egypt might not have been as eager for this alternative source of aid, but anyway it is to be financed by Saudi Arabia and the U.A.E. as is not a ‘gift’ of aid as in the U.S. – Egyptian arrangment.
 
Q. Undoubtedly Putin is trying to increase his role in the area. He sells weapons to Syria (without mentioning other clients like Sudan or Algeria) and is going to have an important role even in Egypt. How U.S. perceives the Russian strategy in Middle East?
SZ  Generally, the U.S. sees Russia’s strategy in the Middle East as adversarial but multi-stranded.  For ex. the interest of Russian middlemen in oil futures is not necessarily synonymous with official policy – but in general we can speak of politics, arms, and markets.  The entire world has changed since the previous Arab Cold War in which the U.S.-Soviet enmity played out to some degree in a block of states allied with the U.S. who were opposed to others with more favorable relations with the USSR or Eastern bloc.
Q  According to some reports and analysis, Putin would have pledged $2 billions of military aid (Mig, anti-aircraft systems and anti-tank missiles among these). Firstly, may you tell me, specifically, which weapons Russia will sell to Egypt?
 SZ.  One cannot be specific  when the deal hasn’t yet been officially announced.   Yes, there were statements made by a Russian official (and published in al Akhbar which given its orientation,  may or may not be accurate.  These quoted Mikhail Zavaly (senior official with Russia’s arms export agency Rosoboronexport ) who said Russia was offering “modern helicopters, air defense equipment and the modernization of previously purchased military equipment,” Then Vedomosti printed that  negotiations were ongoing about the sale of MiG-29M/M2 fighter jets, low range air defense systems and Kornet anti-tank rockets.
– Are those new weapons well suited from a strategical point of view to fight the jihadist and terrorist security threat the Egyptian state is facing right now in Sinai and in mainland Egypt?
SZ No.  The fighter jets – known as Super Fulcrum are  supposed to be better suited for other types of attacks; the Syrian air force wanted to order them (the reports don’t give specifics) they have a longer range & can hit multiple targets.  One might expect Egypt to want Apache helicopters or drones which Israel is using in the Sinai.  Air-defense systems would be intended to protect Egypt against Israel most probably, and have no utility in the Sinai in the current situation.    Although it is true that the Israeli’s employ Iron Dome & that system has protected Eilat and other areas from rocket attacks.
 The campaign in the Sinai is a counterterrorist effort which differs from conventional warfare.
– How will Egypt finance such a purchase?
SZ Apparently Saudi Arabia and the UAE would pay Russia on behalf of Egypt.
Q – Sisi relies on Saudi’s and Gulf states’ financing. As you know, last July the Saudi prince Bandar had a meeting with Putin where he tried to convince the Russian leader to stop financing al-Assad in Syria (letting him understand his control on jihadist groups in Chechenia). How do you see the fact that it is now Saudi Arabia that is paying for the Russian weapons sold to Egypt? Especially with reference to the Syrian Great Game.
SZ I hope you do not print the various reports about what Prince Bandar is and isn’t doing – I don’t know that the above is accurate in the least.  Saudi Arabia’s official position on Syria is quite different; it wished to protect Syrian civilians and move towards a transitional government.
There is no “Syrian Great Game” – there is a genocide against the civilians of that country.  Saudi Arabia, which had allowed Syrian expatriates to organize charity and aid has been accused of doing much more of course, and now funds groups in the FSA and beyond.   Now, very sadly this conflict has continued instead of reaching a negotiated settlement by the world community.  Anyway,  we can speculate that Morsi might have involved Egypt militarily, but Egypt’s current government apparently has no intention of intervening in Syria.
–   Will the deal bring more costs for Egypt as it has to “adapt” once again to Russian weapons or given the nature of the Egyptian military industry – specialized in “linking or adapting” the two weapon systems Egypt will have economical advantages?
Egypt already has many outdated Russian tanks, submarines and systems, which were either updated, or replaced or remain obsolete.  It also has Western manufactured aircraft and naval systems.  There is no need to link the various types of weapons or military craft; they merely need to function.  There are no economic advantages to having outdated weaponry, nor to having materials exclusive to one national manufacturer – the issue here is really political – it is advantageous to have more than one source of weapons available to Egypt.
-And who does really benefit from this deal? Is it something that mostly benefits the military-industrial complex?  It will undoubtedly benefit Russia’s military-industrial manufacturers, just as the U.S. deal over many years benefitted the U.S. manufacturers.
– Do you think that Obama has, somehow, progressively lost interest in the area (or part of that area) because of other priorities? If that’s the case, what are those other priorities?
Obama, rather strangely, announced at the very beginning of his first term that he would be disengaging from the Middle East and communicated to DoD (Dept of Defense)  that the focus would shift to Asia.  This message might have been lost as he also simultaneously said he would “engage’ diplomatically with the region in a new manner – to contrast with Pres. Bush.  No-one knew what that meant, exactly.  He has supported covert warfare in Yemen, Somalia, and elswhere in Africa, and in Pakistan – but withdrew from Iraq and plans to withdraw this year from Afghanistan.  This diminished funding for engagement in the Middle East, even though the Arab spring brought about much unanticipated activity and new threats, including in Iraq – now destablized to the point that its government had to request external assistance in current campaigns there to resecure areas threatened once again by jihadist insurgents.
In Egypt, Obama’s administration, and the State Dept. as well as certain U.S. senators/congresspersons have angered and alienated Egyptians since 30th of June by insisting on restoration of the “rights” of the Muslim Brotherhood.  Now, Kerry, as Sec. of State has been rather more diplomatic about this, but is outshouted by U.S. media and DC-centered think tanks continuing a very sharp attack on the Mansour-Beblawi government and Egypt’s sovereign rights to determine its own policy vis-a-vis any given political group.  The Egyptian view is that matters are gradually stabilizing since there is a new, much-improved Constitution, and presidential and parliamentary elections will follow.  Obama’s views on Egypt are somewhat of a mystery, one hopes it is not true that the U.S. had planned for moderate Islamists to dominate the region from Tunisia to Egypt to Yemen to (if Assad were overthrown) to Syria. Apparently his administration regards the rapprochement with Iran as a great feather in its cap, although Iran retains centrifuges and an ability to produce nuclear materials and has thoroughly and poisonously aided Syria’s Assad.   It does not seem likely that events in the Middle East will quiet down so some similarly dramatic effort could be made in Asia, but maybe that is the president’s intended foreign policy goal before his term ends.
The following was published a few days ago in al-Ahram http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/94399/Egypt/Politics-/Strong-EgyptRussia-relations-can-be-spurred-by-cul.aspx

Syria Update, January 14-15, 2014. Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies. By Sherifa Zuhur

15 Jan

Syria Update, January 14-15 2014.  (Institute of Middle Eastern, Islamic and Strategic Studies.  By Sherifa Zuhur)

Tuesday’s death toll:  183 killed including 40 civilians, and of those 7 were children.

UN aid teams abandoned delivery of aid to Yarmouk after the Syrian government insisted that it use a dangerous route to the southern entrance of Yarmouk.  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Middle-East/2014/Jan-15/244117-un-abandons-aid-delivery-after-syria-insists-on-dangerous-route.ashx#axzz2qUVMvXzW

At least 10 and perhaps as many as 26 people were killed Wednesday morning in a car bomb in Jarablous in Aleppo province  attributed to ISIS http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/jan/15/irans-fm-discusses-peace-talks-with-syrias-assad/

 

 

Starvation as a weapon of war in Yarmouk (and elsewhere) https://www.oximity.com/article/About-the-death-of-Palestine-at-the-ca-1

 

SANA reported that Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif met with Syrian President Bashar al-Assad today (Wednesday) in Damascus Syria.  The two have been speaking about the United Nations conference scheduled for next week in Montreux, Switzerland.  In the meeting Assad slammed Wahhabism and Saudi Arabia. http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/syrias-assad-slams-saudi-ideology-as-threat-to-world.aspx?pageID=517&nID=61082&NewsCatID=352

John Kerry’s message to the Friends of Syria  – http://m.state.gov/md219697.htm

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/13/us-syria-crisis-raqqa-idUSBREA0B0MX20140113

Refugees and Relief:

UK gives amnesty to 1500 Syrian refugees.  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/syria/10555821/UK-accepts-1500-asylum-seekers-from-Syria.html

 

Bulgarian neo-Nazis attack and threaten immigrants in Bulgaria including Syria’s estimated 10,000 refugees. http://muftah.org/bulgarias-neo-nazis-wage-war-syrian-refugees/

 

Oxfam says donor funds must go to Syria and the impacted neighboring countries. http://beta.syriadeeply.org/op-eds/oxfam-kuwait-donors-funds-syrians-neighbors/#.UtbKMGDGtGk

 

 

 

Aleppo  provincehttps://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+aleppo+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152ff85ac00b17c9:0xf68ea3d8dc74b61b,Aleppo+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=R9DLUKfTFoWO0QHBuIHABA&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

 

At least 10 and perhaps as many as 26 people were killed Wednesday morning in a car bomb in Jarablous attributed to ISIS http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2014/jan/15/irans-fm-discusses-peace-talks-with-syrias-assad/

On Wednesday morning, violent clashes took place between ISIS and Islamic battalion fighters and rebels near the town of Ratian, Jarablous, areas near the city of A’azaz, and the eastern countryside of Aleppo province . 3 mortars fell on Hrietan.

 

Tuesday, Islamist and rebel (other FSA) battalions took over Kafar Kalbin and Kafra, after clashes with ISIS.  The regime’s security services tortured to death one man from Darat Izza  A rebel attack killed 2 regime soldiers stationed at a checkpoint in the Salaheddin neighborhood, of Aleppo.  Regime forces bombarded areas of Bustan al-Qasr and a mortar fell on the Meridian area.

 

Damascus province:   https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+damascus+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1518e6dc413cc6a7:0x69e5b88ad5b0817b,Damascus+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=_s_LUPTwHqWw0AHTtYDQAg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

 

So far, 49 civilians reported to have died from malnutrition or lack of medical supplies in the besieged Yarmouk camp; which has been choked by the regime for several months. Several mortars fell on Halab street, the Qusoor neighbourhood and the Adawi area causing injuries.

 

Also on Yarmouk (English and Greek subtitles):  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TcDQ4alZbu4

 

Dara`a provincehttps://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+daraa+province&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15195fa1016e8de7:0xff6b41761235d49c,Daraa+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=u9DLUPDfIcXq0gGRwIHADQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

 

There was an airstrike in Dael (by the regime) here is a video of the aftermath:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQ443XO6GdI  There was fierce artillery shelling of Jiza, and rebels destroyed a Doshka at the Nawa road frontline.

 

Regime shelling wounded a fighter at Inkhel:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tanUb5wgDns

 

 

Deir az-Zur province:

 

https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Dayr+Az+Zor+province+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1548153314d3dbad:0x9d5a68804221c27f,Deir+ez-Zor+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=WtLLUJL5NanI0QGozIH4Bw&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

 

Regime forces bombed the city of Deir az-Zur after midnight yesterday.

 

 

 

 

Hama provincehttps://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=hama+governorate&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15248293d5052f19:0x6e6de1581c39ed96,Hama+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=CdPLUKKbIqyF0QHB94HQAw&sqi=2&ved=0CIEBELYD

 

Regime forces are launching a raid and arrest campaign in the village of Zor Assors and shelling the village of al-Jwayz.    Violent clashes took place today (Wednesday) between the FSA and Assad’s forces at Muwak on the outskirts of Hamah and there was artillery shelling in the area.

 

Hassake province

https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=AlHasakah+Governorate,+Syria,+google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x400976912dee2dfb:0x1735b67e4a2454b0,Al-Hasakah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=UMLTUOKtN4ra0QG9-oHYBg&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

39 fighters of the YPG were mourned today in Qamishli.  They were killed in clashes against ISIS, Jabhat al-Nusra and Islamist rebel fighters near Tal-Brak and Tal-Hamis in the countryside near Qamishli from the end of December to the 7th of January 2014.  The YPG has retreated from the area now controlled by ISIS and other allied groups.

Homs province:   https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=homs+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15230eeab10528a7:0x65655b88027a8699,Homs+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=BFPRUM6RBaTI0AHw1ICoCQ&ved=0CDMQ8gEwAA

On Tuesday,  mortars hit the Alawite village of Fella, injuring at least 3 civilians.  Regime bombardment on the Houla area,killed 2 men and others were injured.  Clashes between rebels and regime forces supported by the NDF took place near the town of  al-Usiya.  Gunfire was heard on the Homs – Tartous road near the town of al-Mazra’a, followed by regime gunfire.  Regime forces hit the town of al-Ghento with heavy machine-guns.

Regime forces carried out raids and arrests in the Ghouta neighbourhood.  Regime bombardment on the al-Wa’er neighborhood killed one man.

40 (here given as 65) died trying to break the siege of Homs.

http://eaworldview.com/2014/01/syria-the-65-men-who-died-trying-to-break-the-siege-of-homs/

Rebel mortar attacks on the 12th of Jan. in Homs.   http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/syrian-government-shelling-kills-20-21502907

Idlib province:   https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=idlib+governorate+google+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x152500e6cc6ed27b:0xe59a7e2f651fc24c,Idlib+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=51PRUIiREsaB0AHN_YD4BQ&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

Islamic fighters carried out an ambush on ISIS on the north side of Saraqeb killing a Belgian commander in ISIS, known as the Amir of Saraqeb was killed, and another foreign ISIS fighter.  A third foreign fighter was injured and transported to Turkey.

Islamic movement fighters were killed and 10 others seriously injured (late Monday) by a large ISIS suicide car bomb explosion targeting a checkpoint and military motorcade between Ram Hamdan and Zardana   Assad’s forces shelled several areas in the northern neighborhood of Ma`arat al-Nu`man.

Latakia province: 

https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=latakia+governorate+google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x15241c8bc2bf561f:0xdbb2edac5c45c32b,Latakia+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=ghv_UOaOOMGW0QH88YDYDw&ved=0CC0Q8gEwAA

Regime forces bombarded villages near the town of Salma  on Tuesday. One ISIS fighter was killed in the northern countryside.

Quneitra province  https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=Quneitra+governorate+Google+maps&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x151eb4afcd3e069f:0xbcbbd63808a65623,Quneitra+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=Ch77ULCILuyP0QG67YDoDQ&ved=0CC0Q8gEwAA

On Tuesday, the villages of the southern countryside of Quneitra were bombarded by regime forces, killing at least 4 civilians and injuring 17.  Clashes resumed near the town of al-Samadaniya al-Sharqiya, and regime forces continued bombardment there and brought in reinforcements from the National Defense Froces militia. There were reports that regime detained 15 civilians from the village of Shura, near Sa’sa’ town, and that regime forces were stationing themselves in houses there.

 

Raqqa province: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=map+of+ar-raqqah+province,+Syria&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x153719cee4c60ce7:0x9d4657e00e899ab6,Ar-Raqqah+Governorate,+Syria&gl=us&ei=PJ_bUKrTBObF0AGMuYHwBw&sqi=2&ved=0CC8Q8gEwAA

On Wednesday, it was learned that ISIS executed 2 civilians from Yabesa, five days ago. The two had been traveling from this Kurdish village to Tal Abyad to buy bread when ISIS took them.  Their bodies were found near the village of Talsolah, with their hands tied behind their backs and they had been tortured.

The ISIS has released many Islamic fighters today.

Further ISIS attacks:  http://syriahr.com/en/index.php?option=com_news&nid=1330&Itemid=2&task=displaynews#.UtY0BWDGtGl

On Tuesday, regime forces have advanced towards the western barrier of the 17th division, the base was under the control of an islamist movement but it retreated days ago. Members from the division were observed planting landmines by the western barrier. ISIS has granted control over the Tal Abyad border crossing to a local council from the city (Turkey had closed the crossing earlier. Meanwhile ISIS took full control of the city Raqqah city following several days of clashes.

On Sunday, ISIS recaptured much of its territory.  http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/01/12/us-syria-crisis-qaeda-idUSBREA0B0JD20140112

International:

14 Syrian rockets hit Arsaal in eastern Lebanon yesterday.  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Jan-14/244020-14-syria-rockets-hit-lebanons-arsal-source.ashx#axzz2qUVMvXzW

Gordon Brown speaks about the education aid needed for Syria’s refugees:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L3a0ZR_PbFA

Lebanon’s prime minister, Najib Mikati calls for safe havens inside of Syria and for help with Syria’s refugees inside of Lebanon.  http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2014/Jan-15/244125-mikati-pleads-for-help-with-syrian-refugees.ashx#axzz2qUVMvXzW

NGOs pledge 14 million in Syrian relief campaign http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/01/ngos-pledge-400m-syria-relief-campaign-201411522535504457.html

Western countries’ intelligence representatives have reportedly been meeting with representatives of the Syrian government, despite the sanctions on Assad’s government in efforts to stem any backblow of jihadists to the West (or perhaps in the other direction?) http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/16/world/middleeast/syria-western-intelligence-cooperation.html

Human Rights Watch issues a warning that Islamist fighting groups in Syria are eroding the rights of women and girls, enforcing Islamic dress rules, and disallowing free movement of women to work or school.  http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/01/13/syria-extremists-restricting-women-s-rights

UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon warned that nearly half of Syrians needed humanitarian aid in his address to a one day donor conference being held in Kuwait City:  http://www.afp.com/fr/news/topstories/1242951/

Donors have pledged nearly $1.3 billion at this meeting:  http://www.khaleejtimes.com/kt-article-display-1.asp?xfile=data/middleeast/2014/January/middleeast_January168.xml&section=middleeast

A new academic book on Syria’s television.  http://www.jadaliyya.com/pages/index/16019/new-texts-out-now_rebecca-joubin-the-politics-of-l